Importance of Water Resource Management


This article briefly discusses water resource management and way to overcome water shortage by conserving it by various methods. It also emphasis on the importance of water management and rainwater harvesting.

Water Management

Water is an important resource and it is considered one of the important wealth factors of every country. We won't waste something that we buy, just because water is an easily available and a free resource, we are not caring much about saving it. We should remember that we are already moving towards the day that we need to buy water for all our daily needs; maybe, as usual, this won't affect the rich people who concern about the fancy water fountain in their home garden, but less fortunate ones may be worried about quenching for their thirst.

You might be heard or even you yourself know how much we enjoyed playing with water when we were kids. The fact was that we absolutely had no idea to care about it. I mean who cares about water? But now we should care because we are paying even to drink it. All we need to do is to save the 1% of potable water and waste the rest as you have got plenty of it.

Know the importance

  • Water is the source of all life and we are so much in need of it with every second. When the scarcity level of it keeps on increasing, then life will be like living on suicidal mode. It is a very serious issue that we might even get third world war because of it
  • The problem is not whether the water is going to get depleted completely, it may not, but the groundwater level is still decreasing and the population keeps increasing. This is happening now in this very moment. So we must take every possible step to save water by not only reducing our consumption but also insist saving it whenever you see someone else is wasting, even if it is a stranger. Remember water is an important asset


How to save

Conservation of water is much needed and has been an essential practice these days. India has faced scarcity of water many times in past years, especially in the southern region. First of all, we need to figure where we use water more.

  1. Drinking
  2. Bathing
  3. Cleaning
  4. Irrigation


  • Drinking : Here we can't save a lot of water because we need to give the proper amount of water that our body needs. Instead of leaving half used water bottles simply, just make sure you are using it to at least water some plants and not wasting it
  • Bathing : We have lots of options to save water here and you can reduce the wastage of water and save it by

  1. Maintaining some periodic check on faucets and leaks in pipes because around 20-25% of water is getting wasted due to leakage in pipelines. This is the one of the main reason for the acute water crisis in Shimla.
  2. We can use the outlet of the shower to flush the toilets by collecting the bathroom outlets to a small tank and then connecting it to the flush system. No need to connect the kitchen sinks because they may smell unpleasant during the flush

  • Cleaning : Everybody wastes a lot of water when it comes to cleaning. Israel uses around 70% of its recycled water for cleaning purposes. Whereas in India there is no such proper recycling or reuse of water done

  1. Instead of washing your car every day, you can just wipe the dirt with some wet cloth and clean it. It can save buckets of water when you wash it once in a week.
  2. Instead of using running tap water every time, you can store that in a container and use it when washing or brushing or for the shower. Well, we may not feel comfortable; in that case, you can use proximity sensors for the taps

  • Irrigation: Water is an essential component in agriculture. It's not possible to grow a crop without giving the proper amount of water. Saving water in this field is the immediate need because they have to produce enough food for the vast population with less consumption of water. In India 80% of its total water consumption is used in Agriculture and globally 70% of the water is consumed. The main challenge here is to avoid irrational wastage of water, flood irrigation and over-exploitation of groundwater

  1. Instead of cultivating the crops that consume more water like rice and sugarcane we can cultivate millets like finger millet which consumes less water.
  2. Also while watering the plants, just sprinkling on the leaves and watering them at roots is enough, no need to bathe them. For large scale production, you can very well use drip irrigation technique.


Why rain water harvesting?

India is a country which has rainfall and glacial snow melt from the Himalayas as the main resource for fresh water. Here, the north part of India gets the water from Himalayan rivers but the southern part almost completely depends on seasonal rainfall for water. The actual problem today is the climate change that is altering the water cycle in the worst way possible. Tamilnadu is an Indian state where they have so many issues with water and it's the first state to make rainwater harvesting mandatory. Fast rate of urbanization reduces an availability of open surface for the natural recharge of groundwater and so the government made it compulsory for every building to avoid groundwater depletion.
The rainwater that falls on the roof of the buildings mostly goes to waste or drainage in urban. Instead, we can collect that relatively pure water that falls from the sky and use it for other washing/cleaning purposes. The intensity of rain varies from place to place, therefore rain is not distributed uniformly in all places and also it occurs only in specific monsoons. Rainwater harvesting is the best method for water conservation. It is very important because of fast urbanization and over usage of groundwater. The collected rainwater can be used for flushing toilets, laundry and also in irrigation.

Water Management and India

Due to the change in lifestyle and increasing population, India needs to produce a lot of food which needs a lot of water. So the Indian government should take some serious steps on water conservation. They should frame some water management policies that should enforce fair usage of water. Some countries in the world use modern techniques to extract fresh water from air, fog, and sea. We all aware of Israel's water crisis, but now that desert country can produce more fresh water than it actually requires. But here in India, rivers became gutters and pond is where we dump all the wastes. To conserve water, all we need is good governance and planning.

We all know about the acute water crisis in Shimla, which can be said as Cape Town of Himalayas. This city has faced an acute water shortage because of increased tourism and poor water management. All the residents were barely getting drinking water and at some places, the sewer water was supplied. This water crisis problem is not new to them, they are facing it since long back. It even got worse since the city was full of tourists during summer and so the locals have to wait in long lines to get some water. This is because of increasing number of tourist, climate change and no proper distribution system for water where some areas receive regular water supply while others were starving for water. It's not just Shimla, many places in India have the same problem, even in the south.

The main reason for the water crisis in India is too many people try to access too little water.
Government and some leading NGOs are conducting various programs to spread awareness about the water resource management. One such example is "Swachh Ganga Mission" focused to clean river Ganga. The companies which produce carbonated drinks and mineral water should also be kept under vigil as they should not over exploit groundwater resources.

Conclusion

There are at least hundred ways to save the water. Remember that if we want to save water, we must stop polluting it. The largest source of water pollution in India is untreated sewage. Water pollution affects the humans directly when the drinking water is contaminated. There won't be enough water to drink if it's contaminated. Polluted water causes severe damages to ecosystem, human and animal health. When we consume that water, it causes deadly diseases like Guinea worm disease, Typhoid, diarrhea, dysentery, and cholera.

India has so many cultural practices that we may even think weird but they always had a meaning. Every temple had lakes and tanks that store water for summer. It served as groundwater re charger and also was the best example of ancient rainwater harvesting. We know ancient Indians had enough water, but still, north Indians had the practice to choose their bride based on the level of water she saves after cleaning her face. That was a culture, but with a clear meaning of saving may be not only the water but every other resource.

Save water so that it can save you!! When we say water is life then conservation is future!! Let our future generations see the world as we saw or even better than that.


Comments

Author: neeru bhatt14 Jun 2018 Member Level: Gold   Points : 4

Water is a precious commodity and with the groundwater table going down and down with time it is high time that we must use this important material very sparingly and intelligently.

Many people do not understand the importance of water in our life. They think that plenty of water is there in the rivers and oceans and unnecessarily people are crying water - water. It is not so. Our rivers are drying up in summer and are not able to supply the water for drinking purposes. The big ponds also suffice the delivery of drinking water for a few months only. The sea water is very saline and is not potable. It requires huge costs to convert it to drinking water and transport it to the needy consumer.

In spite of many efforts we are not very successful in harvesting the rain water. The most of the rain water is flowing down the rivers and mixing in the sea to become equally saline which is again not potable.

This is imperative that we must conserve water.

Author: DR.N.V. Srinivasa Rao14 Jun 2018 Member Level: Diamond   Points : 5

Water is a commodity which is essential for a human being to survive on this planet earth. Nature has given us water so that we continue our journey on earth. The population is increasing day by day and the requirement for water is increasing. The natural resources are coming down. Already people started purchasing drinking water. Many houses these days are having RO plants for their drinking water requirement. Here to get a glass of water for drinking we have to consume another 3 glasses of water. The remaining water will be left out. If this water is collected and used for vessel cleaning or house cleaning there will be a good saving of water. When we go for bathing instead of using shower or tub bath where the water consumption is more if we collect the water in a bucket and use it for bathing we will understand how much water we are consuming for bathing and we can try to minimise the quantity. To bend and get the mug of water requires some physical exercise it will help you to some extent to stay fit.
Rainwater harvesting is also a good way of water conservation. We all should make it a point to have a rain harvesting pit in our house area. It will help the water level in the ground to increase. Many people use a lot of water for cleaning the street before their house. Here it is advisable to clean the dust every day using a broom and using water very rarely and that in less quantity as possible.
We all think only one bucket. But when everybody thinks like that how many buckets are getting wasted this point is to be understood and from our side, we should see that we don't waste water so that the coming generations will not be feeling the water shortage in the world.



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