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# ANNA UNIVERSITY -3RD SEM B.E.,MECHANICAL ENGG. SYLLABUS

 Posted Date: 02-Jun-2008 Category: Syllabus Author: b.thirumaya prabhu Member Level: Gold Points: 3

ANNA UNIVERSITY -3RD SEM B.E.,MECHANICAL ENGG. SYLLABUS

MA1201 MATHEMATICS III 3 1 0 100
(Common to all branches)

OBJECTIVES
The course objective is to impact analytical skills to the students in the areas of boundary value problems and transform techniques. This will be necessary for their effective studies in a large number of engineering subjects like heat conduction, communication systems, electro-optics and electromagnetic theory. The course will also serve as a prerequisite for post graduate and specialized studies and research.
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1. PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9
Formation of partial differential equations by elimination of arbitrary constants and arbitrary functions – Solution of standard types of first order partial differential equations – Lagrange’s linear equation – Linear partial differential equations of second and higher order with constant coefficients.

2. FOURIER SERIES 9
Drichlet’s conditions – General Fourier series – Odd and even functions – Half range sine series – Half range cosine series – Complex form of Fourier Series – Parseval’s Identity – Harmonic Analysis.

3. BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS 9
Classification of second order quasi linear partial differential equations – Solutions of one dimensional wave equation – One dimensional heat equation – Steady state solution of two-dimensional heat equation (Insulated edges excluded) – Fourier series solutions in Cartesian coordinates.

4. FOURIER TRANSFORM 9
Fourier integral theorem (without proof) – Fourier transform pair – Sine and
Cosine transforms – Properties – Transforms of simple functions – Convolution theorem .
5. Z -TRANSFORM AND DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS 9
Z-transform - Elementary properties – Inverse Z – transform – Convolution theorem -Formation of difference equations – Solution of difference equations using Z - transform.

TUTORIALS 15

TOTAL : 60
TEXT BOOKS
1. Grewal, B.S., “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, Thirty Sixth Edition, Khanna Publishers, Delhi, 2001.
2. Kandasamy, P., Thilagavathy, K., and Gunavathy, K., “Engineering Mathematics Volume III”, S. Chand & Company ltd., New Delhi, 1996.
3. Wylie C. Ray and Barrett Louis, C., “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, Sixth Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, 1995.

REFERENCES
1. Andrews, L.A., and Shivamoggi B.K., “Integral Transforms for Engineers and Applied Mathematicians”, Macmillen , New York ,1988.
2. Narayanan, S., Manicavachagom Pillay, T.K. and Ramaniah, G., “Advanced Mathematics for Engineering Students”, Volumes II and III, S. Viswanathan (Printers and Publishers) Pvt. Ltd. Chennai, 2002.
3. Churchill, R.V. and Brown, J.W., “Fourier Series and Boundary Value Problems”, Fourth Edition, McGraw Hill Book Co., Singapore, 1987.

CY1201 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING 3 0 0 100
(Common to all branches)

OBJECTIVES
• To create an awareness on the various environmental pollution aspects and issues.
• To give a comprehensive insight into natural resources, ecosystem and biodiversity.
• To educate the ways and means to protect the environment from various types of pollution.
• To impart some fundamental knowledge on human welfare measures.

1. INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES 10
Definition, scope and importance – need for public awareness – forest resources: use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies. Timber extraction, mining, dams and their ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems – mineral resources: use effects on forests and tribal people – water resources: use and over-utilization of surface and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies – food resources: world food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies – energy resources: growing energy needs, renewable and non renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources. Case studies – land resources: land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification – role of an individual in conservation of natural resources – equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.
Field study of local area to document environmental assets – river / forest / grassland / hill / mountain.

2. ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY 14
Concept of an ecosystem – structure and function of an ecosystem – producers, consumers and decomposers – energy flow in the ecosystem – ecological succession – food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids – introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the (a) forest ecosystem (b) grassland ecosystem (c) desert ecosystem (d) aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) – introduction to biodiversity – definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity – biogeographical classification of india – value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values – biodiversity at global, national and local levels – india as a mega-diversity nation – hot-spots of biodiversity – threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts – endangered and endemic species of india – conservation of biodiversity: in-situ and ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.

Field study of common plants, insects, birds
Field study of simple ecosystems – pond, river, hill slopes, etc.

3. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 8
Definition – causes, effects and control measures of: (a) air pollution (b) water pollution (c) soil pollution (d) marine pollution (e) noise pollution (f) thermal pollution (g) nuclear hazards – solid waste management: causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes – role of an individual in prevention of pollution – pollution case studies – disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.
Field study of local polluted site – urban / rural / industrial / agricultural

4. SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT 7
From unsustainable to sustainable development – urban problems related to energy – water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management – resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns, case studies – environmental ethics: issues and possible solutions – climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust, case studies. – wasteland reclamation – consumerism and waste products – environment protection act – air (prevention and control of pollution) act – water (prevention and control of pollution) act – wildlife protection act – forest conservation act – issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation – public awareness
5. HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT 6
Population growth, variation among nations – population explosion – family welfare programme – environment and human health – human rights – value education – HIV / AIDS – women and child welfare – role of information technology in environment and human health – case studies.

TOTAL : 45
TEXT BOOKS
1. Gilbert M.Masters, Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science, Pearson Education Pvt., Ltd., Second Edition, 2004.
2. Miller T.G. Jr., Environmental Science, Wadsworth Publishing Co.
3. Townsend C., Harper J and Michael Begon, Essentials of Ecology, Blackwell Science.
4. Trivedi R.K. And P.K. Goel, Introduction to Air Pollution, Techno-Science Publications.

REFERENCES
1. Bharucha Erach, The Biodiversity of India, Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad, India,
2. Trivedi R.K., Handbook of Environmental Laws, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and Standards, Vol. I and II, Enviro Media.
3. Cunningham, W.P.Cooper, T.H.Gorhani, Environmental Encyclopedia, Jaico Publ., House, Mumbai, 2001.
4. Wager K.D., Environmental Management, W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, USA, 1998.

ME1201 ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS 3 1 0 100
(Common to Mechanical and Production)

OBJECTIVE
• To achieve an understanding of principles of thermodynamics and to be able to use it in accounting for the bulk behaviour of the simple physical systems.
• To provide in-depth study of thermodynamic principles, thermodynamics of state, basic thermodynamic relations, Principle of Psychrometry & Properties of pure substances
• To enlighten the basic concepts of vapour power cycles.

1. BASIC CONCEPT AND FIRST LAW 9
Basic concepts - concept of continuum, macroscopic approach, thermodynamic systems - closed, open and isolated. Property, state, path and process, quasi-static process, work, modes of work, Zeroth law of thermodynamics – concept of temperature and heat. Concept of ideal and real gases. First law of thermodynamics – application to closed and open systems, internal energy, specific heat capacities, enthalpy, steady flow process with reference to various thermal equipments.

2. SECOND LAW, ENTROPY AND AVAILABILITY 9
Second law of thermodynamics – Kelvin’s and Clausius statements of second law. Reversibility and irreversibility. Carnot cycle, reversed carnot cycle, efficiency, COP. Thermodynamic temperature scale, Clausius inequality, concept of entropy, entropy of ideal gas, principle of increase of entropy – Carnot theorem, absolute entropy, availability.

3. PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCE AND STEAM POWER CYCLE 9
Properties of pure substances – Thermodynamic properties of pure substances in solid, liquid and vapour phases, phase rule, P-V, P-T, T-V, T-S, H-S diagrams, PVT surfaces, thermodynamic properties of steam. Calculations of work done and heat transfer in non-flow and flow processes. Standard Rankine cycle, Reheat and regenerative cycle.

4. IDEAL & REAL GASES AND THERMO DYNAMIC RELATIONS 9
Gas mixtures – Properties of ideal and real gases, equation of state, Avagadro’s law, Vander Waal’s equation of states, compressibility, compressibility chart. Dalton’s law of partial pressure, Exact differentials, T-D, relations, Maxwell relations, Clausius Clapeyron equations, Joule Thomson Coefficient.

5. PSYCHROMETRY 9
Psychrometry and psychrometric charts, property calculations of air vapour mixtures. Psychrometric process – Sensible heat exchange processes. Latent heat exchange processes. Adiabatic mixing, evaporative cooling, problems.

TUTORIALS 15

TOTAL : 60
(Use of standard thermodynamic tables, Mollier diagram, Psychometric chart and Refrigerant property tables are permitted)

TEXT BOOKS
1. Nag.P.K., “Engineering Thermodynamics”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1998.
2. Cengel, “Thermodynamics” An Engineering Approach, Third Edition – 2003, Tata Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi.

REFERENCES
1. Holman.J.P., “Thermodynamics”, 3rd Ed. McGraw-Hill, 1995.
2. Venwylen and Sontag, “Classical Thermodynamics”, Wiley Eastern, 1987
3. Arora C.P, “ Thermodynamics”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2003.
4. Merala C, Pother, Craig W, Somerton, “ Thermodynamics for Engineers”, Schaum Outline Series, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2004.
5. Sri Vastava R.C, Saha S. K, Jan A. K, “ Thermodynamics” Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2004.

ME1202 FLUID MECHANICS AND MACHINERY 3 1 0 100
(Common to Mechanical, Production, Mechatronics, Automobile and Aeronautical)

OBJECTIVE
• To understand the structure and the properties of the fluid.
• To analyse and appreciate the complexities involved in solving the fluid flow problems.
• To study the mathematical techniques already in vogue and apply them to the solutions of practical flow problems.
• To understand the energy exchange process in fluid mechanics handling incompressible fluids.

1. BASIC CONCEPTS AND PROPERTIES 6
Fluid – definition, distinction between solid and fluid - Units and dimensions - Properties of fluids - density, specific weight, specific volume, specific gravity, temperature, viscosity, compressibility, vapour pressure, capillary and surface tension - Fluid statics: concept of fluid static pressure, absolute and gauge pressures - pressure measurements by manometers and pressure gauges.

2. FLIUD KINEMATICS AND FLUID DYNAMICS 12
Fluid Kinematics - Flow visualization - lines of flow - types of flow - velocity field and acceleration - continuity equation (one and three dimensional differential forms)- Equation of streamline - stream function - velocity potential function - circulation - flow net – fluid dynamics - equations of motion - Euler's equation along a streamline - Bernoulli's equation – applications - Venturi meter, Orifice meter, Pitot tube - dimensional analysis - Buckingham's ? theorem- applications - similarity laws and models.
3. INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUID FLOW 12
Viscous flow - Navier-Stoke's equation (Statement only) - Shear stress, pressure gradient relationship - laminar flow between parallel plates - Laminar flow through circular tubes (Hagen poiseulle's) - Hydraulic and energy gradient - flow through pipes - Darcy -weisback's equation - pipe roughness -friction factor- Moody's diagram-minor losses - flow through pipes in series and in parallel - power transmission - Boundary layer flows, boundary layer thickness, boundary layer separation - drag and lift coefficients.

4. HYDRAULIC TURBINES 8
Fluid machines: definition and classification - exchange of energy - Euler's equation for turbo machines - Construction of velocity vector diagrams - head and specific work - components of energy transfer - degree of reaction.

Hydro turbines: definition and classifications - Pelton turbine - Francis turbine - propeller turbine - Kaplan turbine - working principles - velocity triangles - work done - specific speed - efficiencies -performance curve for turbines.

5. HYDRAULIC PUMPS 7
Pumps: definition and classifications - Centrifugal pump: classifications, working principle, velocity triangles, specific speed, efficiency and performance curves - Reciprocating pump: classification, working principle, indicator diagram, work saved by air vessels and performance curves - cavitations in pumps - rotary pumps: working principles of gear and vane pumps

TUTORIALS 15
TOTAL : 60
TEXT BOOKS
1. Streeter, V.L., and Wylie, E.B., “Fluid Mechanics”, McGraw-Hill, 1983.
2. Kumar, K.L., “Engineering Fluid Mechanics”, Eurasia Publishing House (P) Ltd, New Delhi (7th edition), 1995.
3. Vasandani, V.P., “Hydraulic Machines - Theory and Design”, Khanna Publishers.1992

REFERENCES
1. Bansal, R.K., “Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics Machines”, (5th edition), Laxmi publications (P) Ltd, New Delhi, 1995
2. White, F.M., “Fluid Mechanics”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 5th Edition, New Delhi, 2003.
3. Ramamirtham, S., "Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics and Fluid Machines", Dhanpat Rai and Sons, Delhi, 1998.
4. Som, S.K., and Biswas, G., “Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2nd Edition, 2004.

EE1213 ELECTRICAL DRIVES AND CONTROLS 3 0 0 100
(Common to Mechanical and Production)

OBJECTIVE
• To understand the basic concepts of different types of electrical machines and their performance.
• To study the different methods of starting D.C motors and induction motors.
• To study the conventional and solid-state drives.

1. INTRODUCTION 8
Basic Elements – Types of Electric Drives – factors influencing the choice of electrical drives – heating and cooling curves – Loading conditions and classes of duty – Selection of power rating for drive motors with regard to thermal overloading and Load variation factors

2. DRIVE MOTOR CHARACTERISTICS 9
Mechanical characteristics – Speed-Torque characteristics of various types of load and drive motors – Braking of Electrical motors – DC motors: Shunt, series and compound - single phase and three phase induction motors.

3. STARTING METHODS 8
Types of D.C Motor starters – Typical control circuits for shunt and series motors – Three phase squirrel cage and slip ring induction motors.

4. CONVENTIONAL AND SOLID STATE SPEED CONTROL OF D.C. DRIVES 10
Speed control of DC series and shunt motors – Armature and field control, Ward-Leonard control system - Using controlled rectifiers and DC choppers –applications.

5. CONVENTIONAL AND SOLID STATE SPEED CONTROL OF A.C. DRIVES 10
Speed control of three phase induction motor – Voltage control, voltage / frequency control, slip power recovery scheme – Using inverters and AC voltage regulators – applications.

TOTAL : 45
TEXT BOOKS
1. VEDAM SUBRAHMANIAM, “Electric Drives (concepts and applications)”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2001
2. NAGRATH.I.J. & KOTHARI.D.P, “Electrical Machines”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1998

REFERENCES
1. PILLAI.S.K “A first course on Electric drives”, Wiley Eastern Limited, 1998
2. M.D.SINGH, K.B.KHANCHANDANI, “Power Electronics”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1998
3. H.Partab, “Art and Science and Utilisation of electrical energy”, Dhanpat Rai and Sons, 1994

ME1203 MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY - II 3 0 0 100

OBJECTIVE
• To understand the concept and basic mechanics of metal cutting, working of standard machine tools such as lathe, shaping and allied machines, milling, drilling and allied machines, grinding and allied machines and broaching
• To understand the basic concepts of computer numerical control (CNC) machine tool and CNC programming.

1. THEORY OF METAL CUTTING 8
Introduction: material removal processes, types of machine tools – theory of metal cutting: chip formation, orthogonal metal cutting, cutting tool materials, tool wear, tool life, surface finish, cutting fluids.

2. CENTRE LATHE AND SPECIAL PURPOSE LATHES 10
Centre lathe, constructional features, cutting tools, various operations, taper turning methods, thread cutting methods, special attachments, machining time and power estimation.
Capstan and turret lathes – automatic lathes : semi automatic, automats – single spindle : cutting off, swiss type, automatic screw type – multi spindle; cutting off, bar type

3. RECIPROCATING AND MILLING MACHINES 10
Reciprocating machine tools: shaper, planer, slotter ; milling : types, milling cutters, operations ; hole making : drilling, reaming, boring, tapping

4. ABRASIVE PROCESS, SAWING, BROACHING AND GEAR CUTTING 10
Abrasive processes: grinding wheel – specifications and selection, types of grinding process – cylindrical grinding, surface grinding, centreless grinding – honing, lapping, super finishing, polishing and buffing, abrasive jet grinding
Sawing machine: hack saw, band saw, circular saw; broaching machines: broach construction – push, pull, surface and continuous broaching machines, gear cutting: forming, generation, shaping, hobbing.

5. CNC MACHINE TOOLS AND PART PROGRAMMING 7
Numerical control(NC) machine tools – CNC: types, constructional details, special features.
Part programming fundamentals – manual programming – computer assisted part programming – apt language.

TOTAL : 45
TEXT BOOKS
1. Rao, P.N. “Manufacturing Technology”, Metal Cutting and Machine Tools, Tata McGraw–Hill, New Delhi, 2003.
2. Richerd R. Kibbe, John E. Neely, Roland O. Merges and Warren J. White, “Machine Tool Practices”, Prentice Hall of India, 2003.

REFERENCES
1. HMT – “Production Technology”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1998.
2. P.C. Sharma, “A Text Book of Production Engineering”, S. Chand and Co. Ltd, IV edition, 1993.
3. Hajra Choudry, “Elements of Work Shop Technology – Vol. II”, Media Promoters. 2002
4. Geofrey Boothroyd, “Fundamentals of Metal Machining and Machine Tools”, McGraw Hill, 1984.

ME1204 FLUID MECHANICS AND MACHINERY LAB 0 0 3 100
(Common to Mechanical, Mechatronics and Automobile)

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
1. Determination of the Coefficient of discharge of given Orifice meter.
2. Determination of the Coefficient of discharge of given Venturi meter.
3. Calculation of the rate of flow using Rota meter.
4. Determination of friction factor for a given set of pipes.
5. Conducting experiments and drawing the characteristic curves of centrifugal pump / submergible pump
6. Conducting experiments and drawing the characteristic curves of reciprocating pump.
7. Conducting experiments and drawing the characteristic curves of Gear pump.
8. Conducting experiments and drawing the characteristic curves of Pelton wheel.
9. Conducting experiments and drawing the characteristics curves of Francis turbine.
10. Conducting experiments and drawing the characteristic curves of Kaplan turbine.

TOTAL : 45

LIST OF EQUIPMENT
(for a batch of 30 students)

1. Orifice meter setup
2. Venturi meter setup
3. Rotameter setup
4. Pipe Flow analysis setup
5. Centrifugal pump/submergible pump setup
6. Reciprocating pump setup
7. Gear pump setup
8. Pelton wheel setup
9. Francis turbine setup
10. Kaplan turbine setup

Quantity: one each.

EE1214 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY 0 0 3 100

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
1. Load test on DC Shunt & DC Series motor
2. O.C.C & Load characteristics of DC Shunt and DC Series generator
3. Speed control of DC shunt motor (Armature, Field control)
4. Load test on single phase transformer
5. O.C & S.C Test on a single phase transformer
6. Regulation of an alternator by EMF & MMF methods.
7. V curves and inverted V curves of synchronous Motor
8. Load test on three phase squirrel cage Induction motor
9. Speed control of three phase slip ring Induction Motor
10. Load test on single phase Induction Motor.
11. Study of DC & AC Starters
TOTAL : 45

LIST OF EQUIPMENT
(for batch of 30 students)

1. DC Shunt motor - 2
2. DC Series motor - 1
3. DC shunt motor-DC Shunt Generator set - 1
4. DC Shunt motor-DC Series Generator set - 1
5. Single phase transformer - 2
6. Three phase alternator - 2
7. Three phase synchronous motor - 1
8. Three phase Squirrel cage Induction motor - 1
9. Three phase Slip ring Induction motor - 1
10. Single phase Induction motor - 1

ME1205 MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY LAB II 0 0 3 100

Exercises
1. Two or More Metal Cutting Experiments
(Example: Shear Angle Measurement, Cutting Force Measurement, Cutting Temperature Measurement, Tool Wear Measurement, Life Measurement etc.)
2. One or More Exercises in Milling Machines
(Example: Milling Polygon Surfaces, Gear milling, Keyway milling, Helical Groove milling etc.)
3. Two or More Exercises in Grinding / Abrasive machining
(Example: Surface Grinding, Cylindrical Grinding, Centreless Grinding, Lapping, Honing etc.)
4. Two or More Exercises in Machining Components for Assembly of different fits.
(Example: Machining using Lathes, Shapers, Drilling, Milling, Grinding Machines etc.)
5. One or More Exercises in Capstan or Turret Lathes
6. One or More Exercises in Gear Machining
(Example: Gear Cutting, Gear Shaping, Gear Hobbing etc.)
7. One or More Exercises in CNC Machines
(Example: CNC Programming, CNC Tooling, CNC Machining etc.)
TOTAL : 45
LIST OF EQUIPMENT
(for a batch of 30 students)

1. Centre Lathes - 15 No (5 Precision Type)
2. Turret and Capstan Lathes - 1 No each
3. Horizontal Milling Machine - 1 No
4. Vertical Milling Machine - 1 No
5. Surface Grinding Machine - 1 No
6. Tool Dynamometer - 1 No
7. Gear Hobbing Machine - 1 No
8. CNC Lathe (Trainer or Industrial Type) - 1 No

GE1202 TECHNICAL SEMINAR 0 0 3 0
(Common to all branches)

OBJECTIVE
During the seminar session each student is expected to prepare and present a topic on engineering / technology, for a duration of about 8 to 10 minutes. In a session of three periods per week, 15 students are expected to present the seminar. A faculty guide is to be allotted and he / she will guide and monitor the progress of the student and maintain attendance also.

Students are encouraged to use various teaching aids such as over head projectors, power point presentation and demonstrative models. This will enable them to gain confidence in facing the placement interviews.

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