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Syllabus of University of Pune IInd yr B.A / B.ED -Geography
1. To acquaint the students with the basic concepts of Human Geography
2. To introduce to the students the evolution of Human races , culture and the
factors affecting human survival.
3. To familiarize the students with human life in general and the significance of
physical environment in the development of human societies.
4. To acquaint the students with population growth and its distribution in the world.
5. To make them aware of the factors affecting human migration and also the
population policies of selected nations .
Topic Sub- topic Learning points No. of
SECTION - I
1 Introduction Nature and scope a. Meaning and definition
b. Nature and scope of human geography
c. Human Geography and its relation with social sciences
2 Human Race
A. Evolution of man
C. Grifith Taylors
a. Stages and process of human evolution
b. Defination, the basis of racial classification and causes of racial differences
c. Grifith Taylors Theory of Human Race
3 Human culture A. Language and culture
B. Religion and culture
a. Major languages families in the world and their distribution
b. Language and national integration
c. Major world religions and their characteristics
d. Religion and national integration
4 Human Life and its adaptation to changing environment
A. Human life in hot regions
B. Human life in cold regions
C. Human life in mountainous region
a. Regions and their climate,characteristics of climate,physiofgraphy ,
plant and animal life.
b. Human activities and recent changes in human life.
D. Human life in coastal regions
5 Tribes in India
a. Tribes and their distribution
b. Their physical environment, economic activities and social life
SECTION - II
6 World distribution of population
A. Distribution and density of population
B. Factors affecting the distribution of world population
a. Importance of population density and densely sparsely density.
b. Over, optimum and under population regions
c. Physical and cultural factors affecting the distribution of world population.
7 Population growth
A. History of population growth
B. Measures of fertility and mortality
C. Factors affecting fertility and mortality
D. Demografic ransition theory
a. History of population growth in modern times (1950 to 2002)
b. Crude birth rate, general fertility rate, age specific birth rate, crude death rate, age specific death rare, Age and sex specific death rate c.Biological, physiological, social and cultural factors affecting fertility
d. Critical study of demographic transition
8 Human migration
A. Type of migration
B. Causes and effects of migration
C. Migration policies
a. Types of migration according to distance and time
b. Causes – Technological ,Economic, Over population, Social and Religious, political, Demographic causes , Wars and Govt. policies. Effects –Physical,
Environmental, Economic, Social, Cultural, Political and Biological.
c. Migration policies of the USA ,Australia and Netherlands.
9 Population and economical development
A. Population growth and resource development
B. Effects of overpopulation on Indian economy
C. Malthus theory
a. Population growth and its adverse affects on Natural , Agricultural and Energy resourses.
b. Over population- a major obstacle in the countries economic development
c. Critical analysis of Malthus theory
10 Population policy
A. United Nations World Population policy
B. Population policy in China
C. Population policy in India
a. Population policies for developing countries
b. Population policy in China after 1950 significance of ther policy after independence
1. Robinson H. (1976), IInd Ed ‘Human Geography’ , MacDonald and
2. Perpillou A.V. (1986 IInd Ed. ‘Human Geography’ Longman, London
3. Money D.C. (1970) ‘Human Geography’ University Tutorial Press Ltd.
4. R.C. Chandana (1998) IIIrd Ed. ‘Geography of Population, Concepts ,
Determinants and Patterns’, Kalyani Pub., Ludhiyana.
5. Beaujeu – Gamier(1976) ‘Geography of PopulationLongman,London.
6. Dr, T.N. Gholap, 1992 ‘ Population Geography’ Nishikant publication , pune (
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