ADIKAVI NANNAYA UNIVERSITY - M.Sc.Zoology– I- Comparative Anatomy of Invertebrates and Vertebrates

Adikavi Nannaya University, Rajahmundry

M.Sc. Zoology I Year : I Semester Syllabus

Paper-II : Comparative Anatomy of Invertebrates and Vertebrates

1.0 Organization of coelom in invertebrates

1.1 Accoelomates, Pseudoelomates
1.2 Coelomates: Prostomidia and Deuterostaomidia

2.0 Locomotion

2.1 Flagellar and ciliary movement in Protozoa
2.2 Hydrostatic movement in Coelenterata, Annelida and Echinodermata

3.0 Nutrition and Digestion

3.1 Patterns of feeding and digestion in lower metazoa
3.2 Filter feeding in Polychaeta, Mollusca and Echinodermata

4.0 Respiration

4.1 Organs of respiration – Gills, lungs and trachea
4.2 Respiratory pigments
4.3 Mechanism of respiration

5.0 Excretion in Invertebrates

5.1 Organs of excretion: Coelom, Coelomoducts, Nephridin and Malphigian tubules
5.2 Mechanisms of excretion
5.3 Excretion and Osmoreglulation

6.0 Minor phyla

6.1 Concept and significance
6.2 Organization and general characters, Affinities

7.0 Comparative anatomy of invertebrate nervous system

8.0 Vertebrate integument and its derivatives

8.1 Development, general structure and function of skin and its derivatives
8.2 Glands, scales, horns, claws, nails, hoofs, feathers and hairs

9.0 General plan of circulation in various groups of vertebrates

9.1 Blood, structure of blood cells.
9.2 Evolution of heart
9.3 Evolution of aortic arches and portal systems.

10.0 Respiratory system in vertebrates

10.1 Internal and external respiration
10.2 Comparative account of respiratory organs of vertebrates

11.0 Evolution of urino-genital system in vertebrate series

12.0 Special sensory organs

12.1 Primary and secondary receptors, types of receptors and function.
12.2 A comparative account of organs of Olfaction and taste
12.3 Evolution of internal ear.

13.0 Nervous system

13.1 Comparative anatomy of the brain in relation to its functions
13.2 Nerves-crania, peripheral and autonomous nervous systems
13.3 Evolution of brain.


1. Larval forms of freeliving invertebrates
2. Larval forms of parasites
3. Nervous system: Crab; Sepi/Loligo, digestive system of prawn/crab
4. Mounting Nephridium and Spematotheca in Earthworm
5. Respiratory system: Mounting of Gills, Trachea and Booklungs
6. Common Indian vertebrates fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds & mammals
7. Dissections: Trichiurus, Scoliodon, frong, fish – Digestion, Reproductive, Arterial, urino-genital systems.

Suggested Books

1. Hyman, L.H. The invertebrates, Vol.1-8.. Mc-Graw Hill Co., New York.
2. Barrington, E.J.W. Invertebrate structure and function. Thomas Nelson & Sons. London.
3. Jagersein, G. Evolution of metazoan life cycle. Academic Press New York.
4. Barnes, R.D. Invertebrate Zoology, III ed. W.B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia.
5. Russel Huner, W.D.A. Biology of higher invertebrates. The Mac Millan Co., Ltd., London.
6. Read C.P. Animal parasitism. Prentice Hall inc, New Jersey.
7. Sedgwick, A.A. Student text book of Zoology. Mc Millan Co., London.
8. Alexander, R.M. The Chordata. Cambridge University Press, London.
9. Barrington, E.J.W. The biology of Hemichordata and Protochordata. Oliver & Boyd., Edinborough.
10. Bourne, G.H. The structure and functions ofnervous tissue. Academic Press, New York.
11. Eecles, J.C. The understanding of the brain. Mc-Graw Hill Co. New York.
12. Kingsley, J.S. Outlines of comparative anatomy of vertebrates. Central book depot, Allahabad.
13. Kent, C.G. Comparative anatomy of vertebrates.
14. Monielle, A.R. The chordates. Cambrdige University Press, London.
15. Smith, H.S. Evolution of chordate structure.
16. Sedwick, A. A student text book of Zoology Vol.II.
17. Torney, T.W. Morphogenesis of vertebrates. John Willey and Sons, New York.
18. Walters, H.E. & Syles, L.D. Biology of vertebrates. Mc. Millan & Co., New York.


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