1. Definition, history, scope and development of pharmacognosy
2. Sources of crude drugs : biological, marine , mineral, animal and
plant tissue culture as sources of drugs.
3. Classification of crude drugs (organized & unorganized):
alphabetical, morphological, taxonomical, chemical and
pharmacological classification of crude drugs
4. Plant taxonomy : study of following families with special
reference to medicinal important plants of apocynaceae,
solanaceae, rutaceae, umbelliferae, leguminosae and liliaceae
5. Cultivation, collection, processing and storage of crude drugs:
factors influencing cultivation of medicinal plants. Types of soils
and fertilizers of common use. Pest management and natural pest
Plant hormones and their applications. Polyploidy, mutation,
hybridization with reference to medicinal plants.
6. Quality control of crude drugs : adulteration of crude drugs and
their detection by organoleptic, microscopic, physical, chemical
and biological methods of evaluation
7. An introduction to active constituents of crude drugs, their
general isolation and classification
8. Systematic pharmacognostic study of following:
Carbohydrates and derived products : agar, guar gum, acacia,
honey, isabgol, pectin, tragacanth, starch, modified starches and
9. Lipids : bees wax, castor oil, coca butter, cod liver oil, linseed oil,
rice bran oil, shark liver oil and wool fat
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