1.2 MODERN DISPENSING PRACTICES (Theory) 60 Hrs. (2 hrs per week)
Topic No Name of the topic and contents Hrs.SECTION-I
1 Pharmacy profession: Code of Pharmaceutical Ethics Pharmacy as a career Pharmacist as health care provider.
2 Prescription and its parts Types, parts of prescription Responding to prescription, pricing of prescription.
3 Meaning of compounding and dispensing Fundamental operations in compounding and dispensing, containers, closures for dispensed products, labeling of dispensed medicines, Storage and stability of medicines.
4 Good compounding and dispensing practices: Personnel, house keeping, building. Documentations – Introduction to prescription filling, drug profile, PMR, ADR, Purchase records, Stock records, Idiosyncratic cases
5 Pharmaceutical calculations Alligations, percentage calculations, molarity, normality, millimoles, milliequivalence calculations, Isotonic solutions, proof spirit, improvisation and dilution of dosage forms. 3
6 Posology – Meaning, factors affecting dose, calculation of doses for infants and children. 2
7 Patient counseling: Steps involved. Patient counseling about diseases and medicines and for prescription drugs. Pharmacist consultation for OTC and Cosmetics. 3
8 Types, formulation, compounding and dispensing aspects of:
1. Solutions – mouthwash, gargles, syrups, linctus, elixirs, enemas, ENT preparations
2. Suspensions (with respect to stability) 7
3. Emulsions (with respect to stability) SECTION-II Topic No Name of the topics Hrs.
9 Types, formulation, compounding and dispensing aspects of:
1. Ointments, pastes, gels, creams
2. Powders – Divided, bulk, granules
3. Pills, Tablet triturates
4. Pastilles, lozenges
10 Suppositories and pessaries – Bases, additives, preparation, displacement value and calculations 3
11 Incompatibilities in prescription – Study of various types of incompatibilities: physical, chemical and therapeutic with examples of drug-drug and drug – food interactions. Methods to remove these incompatibilities. 3 12 Drug law related to retail pharmacy and Code of ethics. 3
13 Sutures and ligatures Classification, processing, sterilization, packaging and quality control. 3
14 Compounding and dispensing aspects of:
1. Sterile products like injections, eye drops and ointments, insulin injections
2. Novel drug delivery systems like controlled release dosage forms, inhalers. 15 Community Pharmacy:
1. Organization and structure of retail and wholesale drug store-types of drug store and design, legal requirements for establishment, maintenance and drug store, dispensing of proprietary products, maintenance of records of retail and wholesale, role of pharmacist in community healthcare and education. 2. Self-medication, Rational drug use, Drug information Services, Role of pharmacists in family planning, HIV/AIDS, Asthma, Tuberculosis, Hypertension, Diabetes. 5
Recommended books for theory and practicals:
1) The Science and Practice of Pharmacy-Remington A.H Gennero, 21 st edition (Mack Publication)
2) Pharmaceutical practice – Winfield and Richards 3 rd edition (ELBS publication)
3) Dispensing for Pharmacy students- Cooper and Gunns, 12 th edition
4) Cooper and Gunn’s Tutorial pharmacy, edited by Carter S.J, 6 th edition.
5) Pharmaceutical Calculations Ansel and Stocklosa, 10 th edition.
6) Bentleys Text book of Pharmaceutics, Rawlins 8 th (ELBS publication)
7) Dispensing Pharmacy Dr. A. P. Pawar and R.J. Goud 2 nd edition (Career publications)
8) Indian Pharmacopoeia 1996 (Volume I and II)
9) Indian Pharmacopoeia 2007 (Volume I and II)
10) British Pharmacopoeia 2005 (Volumes I, II, III)
11) British Pharmaceutical codex 1973
12) Handbook of Community Pharmacy, career Publication, Dr. A. P. Pawar
13) USP/ NF.
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