Unit 1 Cell 20
Structure and organelles - Functions of each component in the cell. Different types of cells. Cell membrane – transport across membrane – origin of cell membrane potential – Action potential components. Structure of a Neuron. Classification of neurons. Parts of brain cortical localization of functions. Conduction of action potential in neuron - synaptic transmission. Parts of spinal cord , simple reflex , with drawl reflex and autonomic nervous system.
Unit 2 Blood 16
Composition - functions of blood - RBC structure- production of RBC. WBC types –productions of WBC cells and their functions. Blood groups –importance of blood groups –identification of blood groups. Platelet production and its functions.
Unit 3 Digestive system 18
Digestive system parts (oral cavity, stomach, intestine, large intestine and accessory glands). Digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Structure of Kidney and nephron. Blood supply to Kidney. Mechanism of urine formation. Structure of eye and ear, auditory and visual pathways.
Unit 4 Bones and muscle 17
Orientation of body planes. Classification of bones and types of joints . Types of muscles: skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle structure and their differences. Motor unit - Structure of neuro muscular junction. Excitation motor neuron and skeletal muscle contraction (change in potential - mechanical – energy changes- thermal – pH changes.) Effect of second stimulus- fasciculation – fibrillation- EMG
Unit 5 Respiratory system 19
parts of respiratory system (Trachea, Bronchi, muscle of respiration, thoracic cage, pleural membranes). Mechanics of respiration - Volumes and capacities of lung. Carbon dioxide and oxygen transport. Types of hypoxia. Regulation of respiration. Structure of heart- Cardiac cycle – ECG - Heart sound - volume and pressure changes
Total = 90 periods
|Author: mindmasti 21 Oct 2008||Member Level: Gold Points : 2|
1.Elaine.N. Marieb, ‘Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology’, 8th edition, Pearson Education, New Delhi ,2007.
1.William F.Ganong, ‘Review of Medical Physiology’, 22nd edition, McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2005.
2.A.K. Jain, ‘Text book of Physiology’, volume I and II, Third edition, Avichal Publishing company, New Delhi, 2005.