Artificial Feeding of Infants




Often we come out with a problem on day to day basis that new born and infants require artificial feeding either due to prolonged mother illness or failure of breast milk or unfortunately death of the mother.

It is very crucial for the baby to be fed " breast milk substitute" eg dried whole milk powder, fresh cow milk or other animal or commercial formulae.
Following principles should be taken in account for artificial feeding

1. Infant requires an average of 100kcal of energy per Kg body weight ie 150 ml of milk per Kg body weight every day.

2. The estimated protien requirement is about 2gm/kg of body weight for 1st 6 months then declines to 1.5gm/kg body weight by the end of one year.
That is 13-14gm protien daily during 1st year of life.

3. Carbohydrate requirement is 10gm/kg body weight.

4. After 4 month undiluted boiled and cooked milk should be given.

5. Infant needs feeding frequently about 6-8 times a day and older children 5 times a day.

6. During illness like fever calorie requirement is increased and should be met.

Things to Remember
The safest milk is dried whole milk.
During first two month dilution of cows milk is recommended with addition of sugar accordingly.


Reference: www.dr-healthguide.blogspot.com


Comments

Author: Dr Sachine (Eye Retina Surgeon)23 Oct 2008 Member Level: Gold   Points : 1

If one has to feed the baby with cow's milk,make it sure that it is boiled properly.Milk which is not boiled properly can transmit diseases like TB & it is difficult to digest also



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