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Moral Education : It's Need
The body with no moral education is like a luxurious car going downhill with great speed but having no breaks.The same is the case of a human being who has no morals and ultimately collapses in life.Discipline, dedication, friendship, meditation,earnestness, simplicity, helpfulness, patience,appreciativeness, right speech, modesty, love for justice,honesty, sincerity and magnanimity are some characteristics of moral education.
We should imbibe moral values which in the long run would benefit us and be the root cause of our happiness. We must follow our conscience. The message of conscience is interpreted in the verse.
Six words there are that plead with me each day.
I ought,I must,I can,I will,I dare,I may.
We can turn the pages of history, and see the names of great men and women stand out in resplendent letters. Their lives serve as an example of future generations who search for the essence of their greatness. A little reflection will show that these 'Men and Women were great because they were more humane than the rest of us. Florence Nightingale became extraordinary through the expression of the ordinary values of love and care infuse a new life into the wounded soldiers. Gandhiji's basic principle in life was based on the values of 'truth' and non-violence'. Helen Keller distinguished herself through the quality of endeavour, striving to overcome her handicap and encouraging others to do the same. Our own freedom fighters serve as shining examples of great sacrifices they made in order to free their motherland from bondage. Mother Teresa stood out as a beacon having brought about a seachange in the lives of the underprivileged,spreading the message of love, like the permeating fragnance of a flower.
It is, however in today's world,their is a gradual erosion of these qualities.This loss of morality alienates one individual from the other, wearing away the mutual faith and trust among fellow men. Are we to become the living dead?Living like robots in a world consisting of cocrete jungles?
No, we still have some vestiges of hope left.This ray of hope comes from schools which are considered to be the' temple of learning'. Today it has become a necessity for schools to impart good moral education to children so that they rise high even in this wicked world. It is through moral education which is imparted in the school we can hope to see more idealistic persons like Mahatma Gandhi or Helen Keller amongst us.
With moral training, we will make the world a better place.
Morally do they seem practical? Are these hopes of survival and realism or simply euphoria, dreams that only bring moral and spiritual upliftment? Time will show.
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|Guest Author: Sanjan Hazarika 18 Jun 2013|
|The reverse side of Indian education system.|
Education is the mirror of a nation. It not only indicates the literacy rate by comparing which with other developed countries a standard can be established. Comparative study of Indian Education system with other developing or developed countries is frequently made and conclusions are drawn fovouring the standard of the Indian Education System. In many such studies the Indian Education System is projected at par or just at par with the education systems of other developed nations.
The main objective of an education system is to achieve all round (economic, social and moral) development of the country and its people. The education policy of the Indian subcontinent is revised and reformed from time to time depending on the need of the nation. The resolution of “National Policy Education” adopted in 1986 and revised in 1992 by the Ministry of Human Resources Development is one such policy. The objective of the policy is for radical reconstruction of education so that it involves (i) a transformation of the system related more closely to the life of the people. (ii) a continuous effort to expand educational opportunity (iii) a sustained and intensive effort to raise the quality of education at all stages. (iv) an emphasis on the development of science and technology and (v) the cultivation of moral and social values. According to the resolution the educational system must produce young men and women of character and ability committed to National Service and Development (CSR year book 2012: p-637)
Well our education policy has achieved a lot. The literacy rate has increased from 18.33 percent in 1951 to 74 percent in 2011 (as per census report). It has changed the status of the nation from ‘underdeveloped or poor’ to ‘developing’. Food grain production status changed from ‘deficit’to‘surpluses’ due to development in technology and agricultural research. Communication and transportation network has expanded many folds and has become one of the largest networks of the world. In the education sector the development is quite remarkable. Our universities though not listed in world’s top ranked universities are producing scientists, economists, literary people who have achieved distinctions in the respective fields. The universities have increased 25 fold and colleges 40 fold compared to the post independent period. Our doctors and engineers are at par with their counter part from world’s top ranked institutions located in various countries. The Nobel Prizes fetched by Indians or people of Indian origin is a proof of the standard achieved by Indian Education system.
But the most neglected side of the Indian Education System is the moral side. We have not at all given any importance to this side. In all the education policies and reforms, the policy makers and the reformers felt the moral degradation of the Indian society and suggested measures for moral development. But the implementers of the policies did not emphasize the need of moral education and its impact on the society. The result of which is eminent now.
The word moral is of Latin origin. It arises from the roots (mos, moris) the code or custom of people, social manners binding the individual in a society together. But India is experiencing a gradual moral degradation with time. When college girls are gang-raped and killed in broad daylight in a public place in an area where India’s fate makers reside, mandirs & masjids are demolished, communal and caste violence are instigated by a section of people for personal or political benefits resulting in huge loss of national property and defacing the image of the country to the outside world; can we think of our self to be morally sound? When defense officials are involved in scandals in defense purchases and elected members of parliament and development planners of the nation are involved in favoritism and nepotism causing losses in billions of USD of the country, can we claim to have moral values? Today we have a situation where the ‘educated’ are impudent, habitual rule breakers, unmindful of the rights of others but of themselves only. As if they are educated to devise new techniques, through which they can find loopholes in the judiciary to escape being penalized for their illegal deeds.
Moral degradation in the uneducated or undereducated class is tolerable, rather excusable. Due to lack of knowledge or demand of their needs they are involved in some immoral activities, the impact of which on the society they cannot realize. Moreover due to numerous ways made available to them by the law implementing sections of the educated class, they fail to consider these acts to be illegal or unlawful. But there are numerous examples where people who are highly qualified, head of an educational organization and responsible for implementing educational policies are frequently involved in such illegal and immoral activities. They earn sufficient for their livelihood legally. But most of the people are never satisfied with the wealth they accumulated. When one earns more than enough for his livelihood, he thinks for his generations to come no matter how much loss he incurs to others in doing so.
Moral development does not result by just introducing a subject on moral education in the school curriculum or just telling the students how to live a good life but should make them realize how the moral qualities contribute to social harmony. In doing so, the people who are in charge of instilling these moral values in the heart and mind of the students or developing moral qualities must obey some moral code of conduct. We must create an environment around us where moral qualities are nurtured.
If we look back through pages of history specially, to the post independent period a section of people worked selflessly throughout their lives for all round development of the country and the nation. We remember them today only on certain days of the year and complete our duties by garlanding their statues. Their struggle for achieving the goals and relentless service for the development of the nation has become history, we hardly discuss about. Our leaders, teachers, scientists and engineers all together laid down the foundation of national development on which we stand today. They had the moral qualities and obeyed the moral codes for which people used to listen to them attentively, believed what they said. But with time the qualities deteriorated and morality degraded. The most important fact is that we have accepted this moral degradation, made ourselves adaptable to the present social chaos, pervasive corruption and gradual dehumanization of the society. Neither our politicians nor our intellectuals have realized that the tendency to stress upon cognitive or intellectual development at the cost of moral development is the root cause of this down gradation. We have a situation now where what was earlier done badly has now been totally overlooked. We are tending towards a state of moral vacuum. As temperature is a measure of the amount of heat in a body likewise corruption is a measure of morality of a nation. We must shift our focus from intellectual development of our children to all round development. Our media should highlight this overlooked side of our education system and its impact on the society.
Indian education system will not lead to effective results unless the main drawbacks inherent in it are properly identified and appropriate measures are taken in due time to eliminate them. American president William Clinton realizing the deficiency in the American Education system hosted five conferences on character education during his presidency. President George W. Bush supported his view and made character education a major focus of his educational reforms agenda. But in India can we expect our top leaders to realize someday, the deficiency of our education system? It has become utmost necessary that detailed research must be done on the subject and drawbacks should be identified, necessary reforming measures must be implemented with commitment. There may be disagreement in the views of experts, but unless we ponder over the subject with seriousness and determined to eliminate the drawbacks the problem will not be solved.
The following are the major drawbacks of Indian Education System in my opinion where attention must be paid.
1. Lack of emphasis on moral education: - Moral basics of a person breeds at a very tender age, the primary level of schooling. In addition to formal education moral development of the children should be prime concern in such schools. This sector is the most important sector for instilling moral values in the heart and mind of the children. The people employed for this job must possess certain minimum qualification and dedication in imparting the duty. But in a country where jobs are considered to be a source earning this duty is handed over to a section of people who either have no dedication for the service or are not provided the necessary facilities for rendering their service. Moreover due to variety of pretexts they have to confront with the higher officials or the government and taken to the streets. There is lack of appropriate training to prepare the teachers for the responsible job.
2. Political Interference: - The drawbacks of the Indian Education System are studied from time to time and recommendations are suggested by the different committees. But the responsibility of implementation of the suggestions rest on the government officials, who following a lengthy procedure passes it from top to the lower level officers. During this process the goal of the policies is lost.
Teacher jobs are either sold or are offered for political benefits. Sons and daughters, kith and kin of political leaders demand special status in educational institutions, for which school authorities or education boards are compelled to divert from their scheduled norms.
3. Shortage of funds: -Due to lack of political will whatever fund is allocated for the development of primary education sector is not properly utilized. A huge portion of the allocated fund is either wasted due to negligence of duty at different levels or is pocketed by the concerned officials. There is always a massive gap of teacher student ratio, shortage of infrastructure, poor level of teacher training. These all confuse not only the teachers but also the students and disturb the environment for moral development of the children.
4. Assessment of teachers: - Whatever may be the process for the selection of teachers it is eminent that some teachers of poor quality are sure to be infused. Qualities of some of the teachers may degrade with time due to various triggering factors. There is no any process for assessment of the moral quality of the teachers from time to time and to eliminate them. A teacher of inferior moral quality not only imbues immoral behavior among students but also instigates the teaching community.
These are but a few drawbacks of Indian Education System which causes moral degradation of the Indian society. Some of the sensitive subjects like religion and casts, population explosion etc. which also contribute directly or indirectly to the moral degradation are not touched. The most important fact is that we all, from common citizen to top leaders must realize the values and consequences of moral education and stand together for its implementation with commitment, before we plunge into the moral vacuum or reach the point of no return. As temperature is the measure of heat gained by a body likewise all pervading corruption is the measure of immorality attained by the Indian society. We still have some vestiges of hope left and this ray of hope comes from the schools, which are considered to be the ‘temple of learning’.
Recently some program for reform of school education is launched. The District Education Revitalisation Program (DPRP) launched in 1994 with an objective to universalize primary education in India by reforming and revitalizing the existing primary education system is one of them. The Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) is another scheme for universalisation of education for all. If moral flavor can be added to these programs, it will be at least one step towards the task of preventing moral degradation. But rein of the implementing agencies of these programs is controlled by such persons, from whose activities it becomes doubtful whether they realize the values and consequences of moral value or not. We all must think on the subject now or we may loose the scope of thinking over it forever.
Dr. Sanjan Hazarika
Head, Physics Department
Jorhat Engineering College
Jorhat – 785007
Ph – 9435051530
e-mail: - email@example.com
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