3L + 1T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Basic Definitions and Fluid Properties, Definition of Fluid, Incompressible and compressible Fluids, Fluid as a continuum, mass density, specific weight, relative density, specific volume, bulk modulus, velocity of sound. Ideal fluid viscosity, Newtonian and Non-Newtonian fluid, Kinematic viscosity, effect of temperature and pressure on viscosity, surface tension capillarity, vapour pressure and cavitation.

Fluid Statics: General differential equation, Hydrostatics manometry, fluid forces on submerged surfaces, curved surfaces, aerostatics, isothermal atmosphere, polytropic atmosphere. The international standard atmosphere, static stability. The international standard atmosphere submerged bodies. Floating bodies.

Kinematics and conservation of mass: Flow classifications, fluid velocity, and acceleration, streamlines and the stream, function. Pathlines and streak lines. Deformation of a fluid element, vertically and circulation, irrotational and rotational flow. Flownet, laplace equation. Conservation of mass and the continuity equation for three dimensions.

Fluid momentum: The momentum theorem, applications of the momentum theorem, equation of motion, Euler’s equation of motion integration of Euler’s equation of motion. Bernoulli’s equation. Applications of Bernoulli’s Pitot tube, equation of matter for viscous fluid, Navier Stoke’s equation.

Orifice discharging free, jet, vena contracts, coefficient of contraction, velocity and discharge, coefficient of resistance, orifices and mouthpieces, nozzles and wieres.

Flow through Pipes: Rynold’s experiment, Darcy’s Weisback equation, Loss of head due to sudden enlargements, contraction, entrance, exit obstruction, bend pipe fittings, total and hydraulic gradient lines, flow through pipe line, Pipes in series, parallel transmission of power through pipes.

Laminar flow: Simple solution of Navier Stokes equations, Hagen Poiseuille flow. Plans Poiseuille flow and Coutts flow.

Turbulent flow: Variation of friction factor with Reynold’s number. The Prandtl Mixing length hypothesis applied to pipe flow, velocity distribution in smooth pipes, sough pipes. The universal pipe friction laws, Colebrook, White formula.

Dimensional Analysis: Buckingham variables, Model Similitude, Force ratio. Reynolds Froude’s mach, Weber and Euler numbers and their applications. Undistorted model distorted model scale effect.

The boundary layer: Description of the boundary layer. Boundary layer thickness boundary layer separation and control. The prandtl boundary layer equation. Solution for commoner boundary layer. The momentum equation for the boundary layer. The flat plate in uniform free stream with no pressures gradients. Approximate momentum analysis laminar boundary Aerofoils Theory.

Flow round a body: Drag skin friction drag, pressure drag, combines skin friction and pressure drag (profile drag) wave drag lift, induced drag. Flow past sphere and cylinder.

Reference books:
1. Engineering fluid mechanics – K.L. Kumar, Eurasia Pub. House (P) Ltd.
2. Fluid mechanics & Machine – F.M. White, John Wiley & Sons
3. Fluid mechanics & Machine – A.K. Jain
4. Fluid mechanics – V.L. Streeter, McGraw Hill
5. Fluid mechanics with applications – S.K. Gupta, V. Gupta, New Age Pub.

2L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Crystalline nature and solids: Crystal structure, space lattice and constants; miller indices; imperfection in crystals, point defects and line defects. Grain boundary and its effect on properties.

Plastic deformation of metals and alloys: Mechanism of plastic deformation, role of dislocation; slip and twining. Elementary treatment theory of work hardening, theories of recrystallation and grain growth. Elementary treatment of creep; fatigue and fracture.

Phase and phase equilibrium: Solidification of alloys, phase diagrams, relationship with structure and properties; eutectic systems. Iron carbon alloys, iron carbon equilibrium diagram.

Heat treatment of alloys: Phase transformation in steel, ‘S’ curves. Detailed study of various heat treatment processes – hardening, annealing and tempering, case hardening. Hardenability, precipification hardening, heat treatment furnaces.

Engineering Materials: Effects of alloying elements in steel. Low alloy steels. Stainless, magnetic materials for high and low temperature service. Brasses and bronzes; aluminium base alloys. Bearing materials.

List of Recommended Books:
1. Material science and engineering – V. Raghavan, Pub. PHI
2. Engineering materials – B.K. Agarwal, Pub. TMH
3. Material science and processes – S.K. Hazra; Choudhary, Media promoters & pub. (P) Ltd. Bombay
4. Engg. metallurgy, Part-1 – Raymond A. Higgins, ELBS
5. Heat treatment principles and technology – T.V. Rajan, O.P. Sharma and Ashok Sharma

3L + 1T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Kinematics: Elements, pairs, mechanisms, four bar chain and its inversions, velocity and acceleration, Klein construction, coriolis component, instantaneous centre method, synthesis of mechanism, panto graph, Scott-Russel, Tchbeicheff straight line, indicator diagram mechanism.

2. Automotive vehicle mechanisms: Overhead valve mechanism, Davis and Ackerman steering mechanism, trifler suspension and Hookes joint.

3. Friction: Laws of static, dynamic and rolling friction, dry and viscous friction, inclined plane
and screw jack, rivots and friction axis, bearing, clutches theory of film lubrication.

4. Power transmission: Bolts and ropes, effect of centrifugal force, creep, chain drive.

5. Brakes and dynamometers: Band, block and band and block brakes, braking action, absorption and transmission type dynamometers, prony rope and hydraulic dynamometers braking system of automobiles.

6. Cams: Type of cams, displacement, velocity and acceleration curves for different cam followers, consideration of pressure angle and wear, analysis of motion of followers for cams with specified contours.

Reference books:
1. The theory of machines – Thoman Beaven, CBS pub. And distributors, Delhi
2. Theory of mechanisms and machines – Jagdish lal, metropolitan book co. ltd. New Delhi
3. Theory of machines – P.L. ballaney, khanna pub. Delhi
4. Theory of mechanisms & machines – A. Ghosh & A.K. Mallik, affi. East West Press P. Ltd. N. Delhi
5. Theory of machines and mechanisms – J.E. Shigley and J.J. Ulcker, McGraw Hill Int. Edi.
6. Kinetics and dynamics of machines – G.H. Martin, McGraw hill

3L + 1T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Stress and strain: Tension, compression, shearing stress and strain; Poisson’s ratio; stress – strain relationship, Hooke’s law, elastic constants and their relations for a isotropic hookean material, anisotropy and orthotropy, thermal stresses, composite bars; simple elastic, plastic and visco-elastic behaviour of common materials in tension and compression test, stress – strain curve. Concept of factor of safety and permissible stress. Bolt, pin, cotter, key, etc. subjected to direct stress. Conditions for equilibrium. Concept of free body diagram; introduction to mechanics of deformable bodies.

Members subjects to flexural loads: Theory of simple bending, bending moment and shear force diagrams for different types of static loading and support conditions on beams. Bending stresses, section modulus and transverse shear stress distribution in circular, hollow circular, I, box, T angle sections etc.

Transverse deflection of beams: Relation between deflection, bending moment, transverse deflection of beams and shaft under static loading area moment method, direct integration method: method of superposition and conjugate beam method. Variational approach to determine deflection and stresses in beam. Application to beam, lever, leaf spring etc.

Torsion: Torsional shear stress in solid, hollow and stepped circular shafts, angular deflection and power transmission capacity. Application to helical springs, shaft couplings etc.

Principal planes, stresses and strains: Members subjected to combined axial, bending and torsional loads, maximum normal and shear stresses; concepts of equivalent bending and equivalent twisting moments: Mohr’s circle of stress and strain.

Theories of elastic features: The necessity for a theory, different theories, significance and comparison, applications.

Stability of equilibrium: Instability and elastic stability. Long and short columns, ideal strut. Euler’s formula for crippling load for columns of different ends, concept of equivalent length, eccentric loading, Rankine formulae and other empirical relations. Applications like connecting rod, piston rod, screw of screw jack etc.

Elastic strain energy: Strain energy due to axial, bending and torsional loads, stresses due to suddenly applied loads; use of energy theorems to determine deflections of beams and twist of shafts. Castigllano’s theorem. Maxwell’s theorem of reciprocal deflections.

Plasticity: Yield Criteria: Van Mises and Trescca, comparison of yield criteria, Elastic Plastic Problem

Reference Books:
1. Mechanics of Solids: S.H. Crandall, N.C. Dahi & T.J. Lardner, McGraw Hill International Edition
2. Strength of Materials: G.H. Ryder, ELBS Publications Co. London
3. Element of Strength of Materials: J.P. Tinnoshnko & G.H. Young, Affiliated East West Press, New Delhi
4. Solid Mechanics, G.M.A. Kazmi, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi

3L + 1T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

A. Differential Equations: Ordinary differential equation of second order with variable coefficients, Homogenous form, exact form, solution when a part of C.F. is known, change of dependent variable, change of independent variable.
Variation of parameter. Solution in series (without particular integral). Partial differential equation of first order-Lagrange’s from standard forms. Charpit’s method.

Method of separation of variables. Application to the solution of wave equation in one dimension, Laplace’s equation in two dimensions. Diffusion equation in one dimension.

B. Statistics & Probability: Elementary theory of probability. Bay’s theorem with simple applications. Expected value, theoretical probability distributions, Binomial, Poisson and normal distributions.

C. Transform Calculus: Laplace transform with its simple properties, applications in the solutions of ordinary and partial differential equations having constant coefficients with special reference to wave and diffusion equation

D. Fourier Series: Expansion of simple functions in Fourier series, half range series, change of interval, harmonic analysis.

List of Recommended Books:
1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Kreyszig E., Wiley Eastern
2. Numerical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, Jain MK, Iyengar SRK, Wiley Eastern
3. Theory of Ordinary Differential Equations Coddington, Tata McGraw Hill
4. Elements of Partial Differential Equations, Sneddon, Ian N, McGraw Hill
5. Fourier Series & Bindery Value Problems, James Brown and Churchill, Tata McGraw Hill
6. Maths for Engineers, Chandrika Prasad, Prasad Mudranalaya, Allahabad
7. Advanced Mathematics for Engineers, Chandrika Prasad, Prasad Mudranalaya, Allahabad
8. Higher Engg. Maths – III, Unique Books, Ajmer

3L + 0T MM: 100 Ex. Hrs. : 3

Boolean algebra and digital logic gates: Features of logic algebra, Postulates of Boolean algebra. Theorems of Boolean algebra. Boolean function. Derived logic gates: Exclusive OR, NAND, NOR gates, their block diagram and truth tables. Combinational Systems: Combinational logic circuit design, half and full adder. Sequential Systems: Flip flops R-S, D, J-K master slave flip flop ripple decade counter.

DC Machines: Basic principle types of DC generators. No load and load characteristics of DC generators, parallel operation DC motors: Production of torque, Back emf, torque speed characteristics starting and speed control and braking. Induction Motors: Basic Principles, effect of rotor resistance, starting, speed control and braking. Synchronous Machines: Construction, basic principles, starting of synchronous motors, parallel operations
Operational Amplifiers: Ideal characteristics of OP AMP, OP AMP as an inverting. Nor inverting, Summer, Scalar, subtractor, differentiator and integrator. Power Electronics. Important characteristics of thyristors, Methods of turn ON and OFF. Application of thyristors in electric drive. The 8085 Microprocessor: Block diagram, Pins and their description de multiplexing

List of Recommended Books:
1. Digital Principles and Applications: Malvino, A.P. Leach D.P., Tata McGraw Hill
2. D.C. Machines: Nagrath IJ and Kothari DP, Tata McGraw Hill
3. AC Machines: A Langsdorr
4. Power Electronics: B.L. Theraja
5. Introduction to Microprocessors 8085: Mathur, Aditya

3L + 0T MM: 100 Ex. Hrs. : 3

Sustainable, Sound and Holistic development, Hydrological and other cycles, nutrient cycles, Carbon, Nitrogen, Sulpher and Phosphorous cycles. Energy flow, Solar insolation, Basics of Species, Community, Niche, Habitual and Ecosystems. Biodiversity. Population dynamics, Malthusian logistic curve. Material balance, energy fundamentals.

Environmental impact assessment of conventional and Non-conventional energy projects. Prediction Technologies.

Air and Water pollution. Emission Standards, Greenhouse effect, Global warming, ozone depletion, Acid rain etc. Instrumental of techniques in detection of pollutants, spectroscopy, chromatography and potentiometry

Causes of Environmental problems. Environmental policies and legislation. Pollution control strategies. Hazardous waste and risk analysis

Suggest Text:
1. Edward J. Kormondy, Concept of Ecology, 1991
2. Odum, Ecology, 1975
3. Canter L, Environmental Impacts Assessment, McGraw Hill, New York, 1977
4. Gilbert M Masters, “Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science” Prentice Hall of India, 1995

3L + 0T MM: 100 Ex. Hrs. : 3

1. Fundamentals of Lasers: Spontaneous and inducted Emission, Einstein’s coefficients. Components of a Laser. Threshold condition. Q-Switching and Pulsed laser; Properties of Lasers.

2. Laser Systems: Structure Design Excitation Mechanism and Properties of the following lasers. Ruby, He-Ne, Nd, YAG (Glass) CO2 and Semiconductor Laser and their specific Applications.

3. Lasers in Material processing: Heat treatments using Lasers, Basic Principle of Material Hardening: Pulse-laser interaction with materials both Metals and Non-metals. Schematics of laser System for surface hardening Treatment. Cladding Advantages and Disadvantages of this system over conventional Methods.

4. Laser Welding: Laser weldidng Technology, Pulsed-Laser. Welding of Plates, Wires, Mass pieces, Walls of Air-tight systems. Typical examples such as Motor Armature winding and micro-machining. Advantages and Disadvantages. SEAM welding. Schematics of a Laser-Work-Station.

5. Laser Cutting and Scrubbing: Energy requirements. Micro and other Parametric Requirements Electronic Component Fabrication. Optical Work station for welding

6. Laser Drilling: Laser induced Material Removal. Effect of Pulse Duration and Energy of Laser. Factors affecting hole quality Optical System used for Laser Drilling

List of Recommended Books:
1. Laser Fundamentals, W.T., Siflvast, Cambridge University Press (1998)
2. Industrial application of lasers, J.F. Reddy, Academic Press, New York (1978) Also Material processing: An Overview, Poc
IEEE Vol. 70(6) (1982)
3. Laser and Electron Beam Material Processing: Hand Book, N Rykalin, A. Ugolov, Izue and A. Kokra, Mir Publication,
4. Lasers and Applications, V.V. Rampal, South Asian Publishers Private Limited, New Delhi (1993)
5. Introduction to Lasers and their Applications, DCO’shea, W.R. Calley and W.T. Rodes, Addison – Wesley (1988)

2 Periods MM: 50

1. Determine Met centric height of a given body.
2. Determine Cd, & Cv for given orifice.
3. Determine flow rate of water by V-notch.
4. Determine velocity of water by pivot tube.
5. Verify Bernouli’s theorem.
6. Determine flow rate of air by Venturi meter.
7. Determine flow rate of air by orifice meter.
8. Determine head loss of given length of pipe.
9. Determine flow rate of air by nozzle meter.
10. Study of Pelton, Kaplan turbine models.

2 Periods MM: 50

Material Science:
1. To study the Engineering Materials, significance and classifications.
2. Study of crystal structures, study of models BCC, FCC, HCP, stacking sequence, tetrahedral and octahedral voids.
3. To calculate the effective number of atoms, co-ordination no. packing factors, c/a ratio for BCC, FCC & HCP structures.
4. Microstructure examinations of carbon steel and white cast iron.
5. Effect of carbon percentage on hardness of steel.
6. Study of Phase Diagrams: Concept of Phase rule: Fe-C & Cu-Zn.
7. Study of Creep.
8. Study of anisotropy: Glass ‘Fibre and Carbon’ Fibre Composites.
9. Study of various types of fractures, Brittle fracture/ductile.

2 Periods MM: 75

1. To study inversion of four bar chain
a) Coupling Rod
b) Beam Engine
c) Steering Mechanism
2. a) Study of quick return mechanism (Crank and slotted lever mech.)
b) To draw velocity and acceleration diagram for Crank and slotted lever mechanism
3. Study of inversion of double slider chain
a) Oldhan Coupling
b) Scotch Yoke
c) Elliptical Trammel
4. To plot displacement v/s ? curve for various cams.
5. Study for various cam – follower arrangements.
6. To determine co-efficient of friction.
7. Study of various types of dynamometers, brakes and clutches.
8. To determine moment of inertia of the given object using of Trifler suspension.

2 Periods MM: 50

1. Engineering properties of materials and their definition.
2. Rockwell Hardness test.
3. Zion Impact test.
4. Compressive strength test of concrete cubes.
5. Tensile test of steel/cast iron.
6. Fatigue test of given specimen.
7. Study of torsion testing machine.
8. Study of spring testing machine.

2 Periods MM: 50

1. To obtain internal and external characteristics of a DC series generator.
2. To obtain internal and external characteristics of DC Shunt generator.
3. To obtain the load characteristics of DC compound generator when
i) Cumulatively compounded
ii) Differentially compounded
4. To study the speed control of a DC Shunt Motor. To draw the speed variation with respect to:
i) Change of field current
ii) Change Resistance in armature circuit
5. To perform the open circuit and short circuit test on a 2 KVA, 1-Phase transformer and therefrom calculate
(i) Circuit parameters i.e. Ro Xo and Rt and Xt
(ii) Transformer efficiency at 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, 125%, 150% load at a p.f. of 0.8 lagging and to plot the curve.
6. To plot the common-emitter collector characteristics of a junction transistor.
7. To obtain the wave forms to half-wave and full-wave rectifiers circuits on CRO with and without L and C filter circuits.
8. To plot the common base characteristics of junction transistor.
9. To plot the common emitter characteristics of a junction transistor.
10. To connect and obtain the response of an OP. Amp. as an Adder and Differential Amplifier.
11. To study the wave form of a full wave rectifier using capacitor and inductor input filters.
12. To measure frequency with CRO.

3 Periods MM: 75

1. Limits, Fits and Tolerances
2. Introduction – Tolerance – Fits – Terminology standard tolerances, positioning of tolerances – Fundamental deviation selection of tolerance Zones, Selection of Fits, Methods of indicating fits on drawings
3. Shaft couplings – Introduction – Rigid or Fast Coupling – Non Rigid of flexible couplings, couplings for shafts out of alignment loose or disengagement couplings
4. IC engine details; internal combustion engine mechanism, piston, connecting Rod, fuel pump, injector, spark plug, valve mechanism
5. Valve: Introduction classification of valves – Stop Valve, and junction valve, feed check Valve, safety valve, Blow of cock
6. Bearings: Ring oiled Bearing, Swivel Bearing, Anti friction Bearings
7. Gear Boxes: Fixed ratio gear, Gear boxes for automobiles & Machine Tools
8. Workshop tools and Equipment – Lathe machine, drilling machine, shaper machine shaper tool head, Machine Swivel vice
9. Jigs & Fixtures – Introduction – Difference between Jigs & Fixtures

Reference Books :
1. Machine Drawing: V Lakshminarayanan & M.L. Mathur, Jain Brothers, N Delhi
2. Machine Drawing: PS Gill, SK Kataria & Sons, New Delhi
3. Machine drawing: N Sidherwar, P Kannaiah, VVS Sastry, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd.
4. Production Drawing: KL Narayana, P Kannaiah & K Venkata Reddy, New Age International (P) Ltd
5. Machine Drawing: RK Dhawan, S Chand & Co. Ltd, New Delhi

IV Semester
3L+0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3


1. System configuration, basic characteristic, calibration, classification and performance characteristics of an instrumentation system, specification and testing of dynamic response

2. Strain Measurement: Electric Strain Gauges – Types, selection and installation, Strain gauge circuits; temperature compensation and calibration; Use of strain Gauges on Rotating Shafts, Load Cells, Mechanical and Optical Strain Gauges

3. Various Mechanical and Electrical Sensors for sensing of Displacement, velocity, acceleration, torque, force, temperature from Low of High Range, flow, level of fluid, pressure, angular speed, voltage, frequency and current.

4. Introduction to Multi-Channel Data Acquisition System, Measurement Pods, Interface Hardware, Data Analysis Software, Interfacing

List of Recommended Books:

1. Mechanical Measurements and Instrumentation, A.K. Sawhney, Puneet Sawhney, Dhanpat Rai & Co.
2. Mechanical Measurements, Thomas G. Backwith, N. Lewis Buck, Roy, D., Marangoni, Narosa Publishing House
3. Industrial Instrumentation and Control, S.K. Singh, Tata McGraw Hill

1. Concepts and examples of automatic control systems, systems by differential equations, transfer function, block diagram open and feed back control systems, signal flow graphs and its constructions. Control System components, error sensing devices and servo motors

2. Control for mechanical systems & processes: speed control system for steam/gas turbines. A constant tension reeling system. Electro mechanical systems. Thermal systems. Pneumatic systems: Mathematical Models of physical systems. Feed back characteristics of Control Systems

3. Time response analysis: Transient response analysis, time response specifications, steady state error

4. Concepts of stability, Routh-Hurwiz stability criterion, relative stability. The root locus technique, use of construction rules without any derivation

5. Frequency response analysis, Polar plots; stability in frequency domain, Bode / Logarithmic plots; SyQuest stability criterion

Note: 1. Equal weightage is to be given to section A & B while setting question papers.
2. Student has to answer at least two questions from each section.

List of Recommended Books:
1. Control systems Engineering: I.J. Nagrath & M Gopal, Wilay Eastern Limited
2. Automatic Control Engg: F.H. Raxen, McGraw Hill, International Edition
3. Modern Control Engineering, J.K. Ogata, Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi

3L+0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Foundry: Moulding Material, Moulding sands: Properties and methods of testing, core materials and core making

Moulding Processes: Green dry and loam sand moulding; Pit and floor moulding, shell moulding, Permanent moulding, carbon dioxide moulding

Casting: Die Casting, Centrifugal Casting, Investment Casting and continuous casting. Slush casting, casting defects and their remedies; Melting furnaces; rotary, pH, electric, lifting and Constructional features and operation of cupola. Furnace, Principle of casting design

Welding: Atomic hydrogen, ultrasonic laser beam special welding processes e.g. TIG, MIG, friction and explosive welding

Power Metallurgy: Powder manufacturing, mechanical pulverization, Electrolytic Process, chemical reduction, atomisation properties of metal powders, compacting of powders, sintering. Application, advantages and disadvantages of powder metallurgy

Press Tools: Classification of Processes and presses: Shearing, Bending, Drawing and Forming operations and dies, Compound and progressive dies; Calculation of stock length: Design of Punch and die sets: Calculation of blank size: High velocity forming of metals

Machine Tools: Constructional, details and main operation of Center Lathes, Capston and Turret Lathes; Shaper and Planer, Drilling and Boring machines, Milling machines, indexing methods.

Grinding: Abrasives: manufacturing and selection of grinding wheels; theory of grinding; characteristic terms used in grinding; classifications; constructional features; principle of working; applications and limitations of different grinding machines. Honing, lapping, super finishing, buffing and polishing processes

List of Recommended Books:
1. Workshop Technology, Vol. I by S.K. Hazra Choudhary and A.K. Hazra- Choudhary Media Promoters & Publishers Pvt Ltd
2. Production Technology by P.C. Sharma – S. Chand & Company Ltd, New Delhi
3. Manufacturing Process by Begeman
4. Manufacturing Processes & Material: I.E. Doyle, Carl Kayser, Schrade, Leech
5. Manufacturing Processes, Schey

3L+0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Materials: Properties and IS coding of various materials, Selection of material from properties and economic aspects

Manufacturing aspects in Design: Selection of manufacturing processes on the basis of design and economy, influence of rate of production, standard size, influence of limits, fits, tolerance of surface finish. Change in the shape of the designed element to facilitate its production. Design of castings, working drawing

Design for strength: Allowable stresses, detailed discussion on factor of safety (factor of ignorance): Stress concentration, causes and mitigation. Introduction of various design considerations like strength, stiffness, weight, cost, space etc., concept of fatigue failures
Design of machine elements subjected to direct stress, Pin cotter and keyed joints, Design of screw fastening
Design of members in Bending: Beams, levers and laminated springs
Design of members in torsion: Shafts and shaft couplings
Design of shafts, brackets under combined stresses, Calculation of transverse and tensional deflections. Screw fasteners subjected to eccentric loading

Reference Books:
1. Elements of Machine Design, NC Pandya & CS Shah, Charotar Book Stall, Anand
2. Design of Machine Elements; VB Bhandari, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd.
3. Mechanical Machine Design, RC Bahl & VK Gloyal, Standard Publishing Distributors, Delhi
4. Mechanical Engineering Design, JE Shigley, McGraw Hill Book Co.
5. Machine Design KK Puraja, B.L. Juneja & NC Bhandari, Dhanpat Rai & Sons, Delhi

3L+1T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. First Law: Application of first law of unsteady flow, filling and evacuation of a tank. Application of SEE to steam flow through processes like throttling, nozzle, turbine and condenser

2. Second Law: Reversible and irreversible processes; Thermodynamic temperature scale; Clausius inequality; Principle of increase of entropy of the universe; availability of closed and open systems; irreversibility and effectiveness of different processes; second law analysis

3. Thermodynamic Relations: Important mathematical relations, Maxwell relations; specific heat, entropy and energy relations; Clausius Clapeyron’s equation; application to gasses

4. Pure Substance: PVT relationships; PVT relationship for ideal gas and real gases; Vander Wall’’s equation; Other equations of state; Critical point for Vander Wall’s gas; PVT surfaces; compressibility factor, Law of corresponding states; Use of generalized compressibility chart

5. Gas Mixture: Laws of gas mixtures, relations for molecular weight. Gas constant and specific heat of mixture; Gravimetric and volumetric analysis, gas and vapour mixtures

6. Chemical equilibrium & combustion: Stolchlometric combustion; incomplete combustion and combustion with air, Orsat analysis; enthalpy or formation, first and second law analysis of combustion process; heat of reaction; adiabatic flame temperature; law of mass action; equilibrium constant; factors affecting equilibrium constant

7. Gas Power Cycles:
a) Ideal Cycles: Dual combustion, Joule Sterling, Erickson, Atkinson and Bray ton cycles, All Standard efficiency; conditions for maximum work output and maximum efficiency, Sterling cycle, mean effective pressure concept; JHP, map for diesel Otto and dual combustion cycles
b) Actual Cycles: Actual petrol and diesel engine cycles; diagram factor; relative efficiency, thermal efficiencies, mechanical efficiency, volumetric efficiency, experimental determination of BHP IHP and volumetric efficiency

8. Vapour Power Cycles: Carnol Cycle. Rankine cycle. Modified Rankine cycle, reheat cycle, reheat factor, regenerative feed heating, binary vapour cycle. Thermal efficiency and work rations and factors affecting them

9. Steam and Gas Nozzles: Introduction: Types of Nozzles steady flow energy equation in nozzle, nozzles, Momentum equations entropy, efficiency effect of friction shape of nozzle for max discharge, physical explanation of critical pressure ratios for adiabatic and frictionales expansion idea of total or stagnation enthalpy and pressure. Supersaturated flow in nozzles, Parameters effecting the performance of nozzles.

List of Reference Books:
1. Engineering Thermodynamics, PK Nag, Tata McGraw Hill
2. Engineering Thermodynamics, CP Gupta, Rajendra Prakash Nemi Chand & Bros.

2L+0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Programming in C: Review of basics of C, structure and pointer type, variables, singly and doubly linked lists, I/O and text file handling command line arguments

2. OOP Fundamentals: Concept of class and object, attributes, public, private and protected members, derived classes, single and multiple inheritance

3. Programming in C++: Enhancements in C++ over C in data types, operators and functions, Inline functions, constructors and destructors. Friend function, function and operator overloading. Working with class and derived classes. Single, multiple and multilevel inheritances and their combinations, virtual functions, pointers to objects. Input-Output flags and formatting operations. Working with text files.

List of Recommended Books:
1. Programming in C: C. Gottfried, Schaum Series
2. Programming in C: E. Balaguruswamy
3. Object Oriented Programming in C++: E Balaguruswamy

3L+0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Introduction: Historical development, Engineering application of optimisation, formulation of design problems as a mathematical programming problems, classification of optimisation problems

Linear Programming: Simplex methods, Revised simplex method, Duality in linear programming, post optimality analysis, transportation and assignment problems

Non linear programming: Unconstrained optimisation techniques, direct search methods, Descent methods, Constrained optimisation, Direct and indirect methods

Dynamic programming: Introduction, multi-decision processes, computational procedure

Suggested Books & Reference:
1. Linear Programming – G Haddley
2. Optimisation methods for Engineering Design, RL Fox Addison Wesley, USA
3. Mathematical Programming Technique – NS Kambo
4. Optimisation Theory and Application, SS Rao, Wiley Eastern, New Delhi

3L+0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Entrepreneurship: Need, scope and characteristics, nature of entrepreneurship ventures in India; Indian economic and industrial heritage and entrepreneurial development; current economic and industrial environment with special reference to entrepreneurial ventures and economic growth. Understanding Human Behaviour time management, group dynamics, conflict and stress management.

Small, medium and large industrial sectors, Industrial potential and identification of opportunities, demand and resource based industries, service sector, corporate entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship and technocrat entrepreneurship.

SSI: Definition and legal frame planning for small enterprises; major policies, organisation of SSI units, reservation of items for SSI units, role of SIDO, NSIC and SSI corporate.

Marketing and Price Distribution Methods of sales promotion state and central government purchase procedures: promotional and advertising methods, marketing research policies & strategies, price determinate expert policies. Financing of small scale industries, tax concession to SSI units. Machinery on Hire Purchases, Controlled & Scarce Raw Materials.

Production Planning: Elements of production process managing production life cycle. PERT, CPM; managing production support services; product licensing, patenting, International regulations in patenting; certification agencies, ISO 9000 and 14000, CS 8000 series; Testing facilities, Quality Control
Project Identification, decision making area money, market, machinery and material; project planning and executing; working capital management, sources and uses of funds; ratio analysis; break even analysis, cost control; time control; Evaluation and preparation of project report.

List of Recommended Books:
1. Organisation & Management of Small Scale Industries: Desai, J.V. Himalaya, Bombay 1985
2. Management of Small Scale Industry: 3rd Himalaya, Bombay, 1986
3. The Story of an Entrepreneur: M Nath, IMT Monographs
4. Small Industry Entrepreneurs Handbook: Mohan, K.K. Bombay Productivity Services International
5. Handbook of Entrepreneurship: Rao & Pareek, New Delhi, Learning System, 1978

3L+0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Statistics: Uniform or Rectangular, exponential and Weibull continuous probability distributions
Elementary theory and practice of sampling, standard error of means and variances, tests of significance, X2 test, student t-test, F-Z-test, and their applications. Analysis of variance (one and two way classification only). Linear and multiple regression and correlation, elements of statistical inference and estimation theory applied to Mechanical Engg. Problems.

2. Tensor Analysis: Definition of tensor, Transformation of coordinates, contra variant and co-variant vectors, addition and multiplication of tensors, contraction of tensors, inner product, fundamental tensor, Charistollel symbols, covariant differentiation

List of Recommended Books:
1. Mathematical Statistics,; J.N. Kapur & H.C. Saxena, S. Chand & Co., New Delhi
2. Mathematical Statistics, M Ray & H.S. Sharma, Ram Prasad & Sons, Agra
3. Mathematical Statistics, John E. Freund, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi
4. Advanced Mathematics for Engineers, Chandrika Prasad, Prasad Mudranalaya
5. Advanced Engg. Maths – IV, Unique Books, Ajmer

3L+0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Different forms of Non-conventional energy Sources; Solar, Biogas, Wind, Tidal, Geothermal etc
Basic bio-conversion mechanism, source of waste, simple digesters, composition and calorific value of biogas. Wind and tidal energy generation; Special characteristics, turbine parameters and optimum operation, Electric power generation from wind/tidal energy. Ocean thermal energy conversion; geothermal energy - hot springs and steam injection, power generation etc. Photovoltaic, amorphous semiconductors, limitations of photovoltaic efficiency. Fuel cells, pack load demands, developments in fuel cells and applications.

Direct Energy Conservation Methods: Photoelectric, thermo-electric, thermo-ionic, MHD (Magneto Hydro Dynamics) and Electro-chemical devices, photovoltaic and solar cells.

Fusion Energy: Controlled fusion of hydrogen, helium etc. energy release rates, present status and problems, future possibilities.
Integrated energy packages using solar, biomass, wind, etc.

Comparative study of non-conventional energy sources, cost consideration and economics.

2 Periods MM : 50
1. Displacement Measurement using Capacitive Pick up System
2. Displacement Measurement using Inductive Pick up System
3. Displacement Measurement using Light Dependent Register Set up
i) Displacement Vs Resistance at Constant Voltage
ii) Voltage Vs Resistance at Constant Displacement
4. Study of Speed Measurement system
i) Magnetic Pick up
ii) Strobometer
5. Study of Load Measurement System
Load Cell + Load Indicator
6. Calibration of Thermocouple Wire

1. Problems on
i) Block Diagram Reduction Technique
ii) Block Diagram formation for Control Systems
iii) Root Locus Plot
iv) Bode Plot
v) Polar Plot & SyQuest Stability Criterion
Experiments on
i) Hydraulic System
ii) Control System

3 Periods MM : 75

1. Study of foundry shop equipment
2. To prepare mould of a given moulding sand sample
3. To determine the moisture content in the given moulding sand
4. To determine the permissibility of the given sample of moulding sand
5. To study the sieve shaker equipment and to determine the grain fineness number of a given sample
6. To perform the clay content test

To prepare a funnel and solder the joint

Demonstration of various welding defects and dye penetrate test

1. To prepare a two piece pattern as per draw
2. To prepare a pattern with core prints and a core box draw
3. For the job given, prepare a drawing with all types of allowances and casting consideration. Show the position of riser runner, chills & chaplets etc. needed for directional solidification Drg.
4. Quiz and Viva based on the above shops at an appropriate time will be arranged.

1. Study of lathe machine, lathe tools, cutting speed, feed and depth of cut.
2. To perform step-turning, knurling & chamfering on lathe machines per drawing.
3. Taper turning by tail stock off-set method and to grind it by grinding attachment as per drawing.
4. To taper turn using turning attachment as per drawing.
5. To perform square threading, drilling and taper turning by compound rest as per drawing.

1. a) Study of the following measuring instruments.
Vernier Calliper, Vernier height gauge, depth micrometer, inside, outside micrometer
b) Study & use of bevel protector and combination setQuiz and Viva based on the above shops will be arranged at an appropriate time.

1 Period MM : 50
Part – I

1. Form of Government – Democracy, Dictatorship
2. India:
a) Brief History of Indian Constitution
b) History of Indian National Movement
c) After Independence – Socio – Economic Growth
3. Society:
a) Social groups - Concepts and types
b) Socialisation - Concepts, types and theory
c) Social Control – concepts, types & means
d) Social Problem – Concepts & Types
4. Psycho Analysis – Theory of Mead and Sigmond, Freud
Part – II

1. The fundamentals of Economics – The logic of economics, fundamental problems, definitions of economics, basic terminology
2. Micro Economics:
Consumer’s behaviour - Utility, Demand, Supply, Elasticity of Demand and supply indifference curves. Theory of Production: Production function, factors of production, Returns to scale optimum factor combinations, cost curves
3. Macro Economics:
National Income, Business Cycles, Aggregate Terms, Money and Banking, Inflation, Economic Growth, International Trade Exchange Rates

List of Recommended Books:
1. Economic Theory and Operations Analysis – Baumal
2. Advanced Economic Theory – H.L. Ahuja
3. Macro Economic Theory – M.L. Jingan
4. India Economy – Dutt and Sundaram
5. Principal of Sociology - nkeles
6. History of Indian Constitution – B. Siva Ram
7. Modern Democracy – Lord Bbryce

2 Periods MM : 75

1. Selection of material & IS coding
2. Selecting fit & assigning tolerances

Problems on
1. Knuckle & Cotter Joints
2. Torque: Keyed Joints & Shaft Couplings
3. Design of Screw Fastening
4. Bending: Beams, Levers etc
5. Combined Stresses: Shafts, Brackets, Eccentric Loading

2 Periods MM : 50

Group I:
1. Comparative study of 4 – stroke Petrol and Diesel Engines.
2. Comparative study of 2 – stroke Petrol and Diesel Engines.
3. Study of fuel supply system for Petrol engines.
4. Study of fuel supply system for Diesel engines.
5. Study of cooling, lubrication and ignition system in diesel and petrol engines.

Group II:
1. Study of various types of Boilers.
2. Study of various boiler accessories and mountings.
3. Study of various types of Dynamometers.
4. Study of Multistage Compressor and to perform load test.

Group III:
1. To determine B.H.P. and break thermal efficiency of a 4-stroke diesel engine.
2. Study of vapour compression refrigeration system and to find out actual C.O.P. of the system
3. To determine the volumetric composition of exhaust gases and to determine the specific heats and gas constant of the mixture.

2 Periods MM : 50

1. Program for Striking facilities, Pointers, Pointers & Arrays, Pointers & strings/Pointer, Pointers & Structures.
2. Program using Pointers for data handling in files, Pointers for Dynamic Memory Allocation
3. Program using library functions for string handling
4. Class & Objects: Programs using different constructors, static junction member, overloading of operators, string class, inheritance/composition, steam Input/Output
5. Program for Sorting – Quick, Bubble, insertion, merge, keep
6. Data Structures: Program using linked list, circular list, double linked list
7. Program using stakes, queues, Binary Tree
8. Program using graphs & Harsh Tables.

V Semester
3L + 1T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Gyroscope: Principle of gyroscopic couple, effect of gyroscopic couple and centrifugal force on vehicle taking a turn, stabilization of sea vessels.
2. Balancing: Balancing of rotating masses, balancing of reciprocating masses, locomotives, IC engines, balancing machines
3. Gears: Law of gearing, terminology, tooth form, standard interchangeable, tooth profile, minimum number of teeth on pinion in contact with gear or rack, interference and undercutting, bevel, helical and spiral gears
4. Gear trains: Simple, compound, reverted and epicyclic gear trains, analytical, tabular, graphical and vector methods for velocity ratio, gear boxes–sliding and constant mesh for automobiles
5. Inertia force analysis: Velocity and acceleration of slider crank and four bar mechanism, inertia force, piston thrust and forces on connecting rod, turning moment diagram, flywheel
6. Governors: Simple, porter proell Hart Nell and spring controlled governors, governor effort, power, stability, inertia effects

Reference Books:
1. The Theory of Machines, Thoman Bevan, CBS Publishers & Distributors, Delhi
2. Theory of Mechanisms & Machines: Jagdish Lal, Metropolitan Book Co. Ltd. N. Delhi
3. Theory of Machines: PL Ballaney,, Khanna Publishers, Delhi
4. Theory of Mechanisms & Machines: A Ghosh & A.K., Malik, Affiliated East West Press Pvt Ltd, N. Delhi
5. Theory of Machines & Mechanism: JE Shigley & JJ Uicker, McGraw Hill International Edition
6. Kinetics & Dynamics of Machines: GH Martin, McGraw Hill

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3
1. Mechanics of Metal Cutting: Elements of a cutting process: geometry of single point cutting tool; tool angles, chip formation: types of chips; chip breakers, effects of cutting parameters; typical cutting speeds and feeds for different tool and job materials; Orthogonal and oblique cutting; Theories on mechanics of metal cutting; cutting force measurement; various types of tool dynamometer; thermal aspects of metal machining; measurement of chip tool interface temperature; friction in metal cutting

2. Machinability: Evaluation of machinability: Tool life; types of tool failure; mechanisms of tool wear, failure and their remedies; reconditioning of tools, relationship between cutting force and power required tool life and cutting speed, surface finish, nose radius, feed; economics of metal machining – cutting tool materials; cutting fluids and methods of their applications.

3. Precision Measurement: Standard of linear measurements; linear and angular measurements; screw thread measurement; measurement of effective diameter, pitch and thread angles; limit gauges; Gear measurement; spur gear parameter, measurement of tooth profile, tooth thickness and pitch, eccentricity, Measurement of surface roughness. Surface texture numerical equation of surface roughness. Quantitative methods of roughness measurements, Stylus and profilograph methods.

4. Precision Measuring Instruments: Comparators types; working principles, applications and limitations of various comparators; optical flat; autocollimator indicators, slip gauges, bevel protector

6. Principles of Interchangeable manufacturing: ISI System of limits, tolerances, and fits; design of limit gauges, production gauges, automatic gauging

7. Industrial Safety: Human factors in machine equipment safety; reducing industrial noise, guarding of machines, precautions to be taken by operators for safe working on different machine tools; power presses, factories act.

List of Recommended Books:
1. Production Engineering Sciences by PC Pandey & CK Singh Standard Publishers & Distributors Delhi
2. Production Engineering by PC Sharma, S Chand & Company Ltd, N Delhi
3. Metal Cutting Theory & Practice by A Bhattacharya, New Central Book Agency (P) Ltd
4. Engineering Metallurgy by RK Jain, Khanna Publishers, Delhi

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. COMBUSTION IN SI ENGINES: The process of combustion, knocking, effects of engine variables on otto knock, fuels and their knock rating. Octane number. Abnormal Combustion – its causes, effects, and control; effect of additives. Types and requirements of combustion chambers

2. COMBUSTION IN CI ENGINES: Stages of combustion, diesel knock, effects of operating parameters, knock rating of CI engine fuels, Cetane number, Types and requirements of the combustion chambers

3. ENGINE OPERATING SYSTEMS: Valves and valve gear, Lubrication systems, need, system components, lubricating oils, Properties and rating, Cooling systems, Temperature gradients in engine parts, various methods of cooling, power absorbed in cooling, properties of coolants. Fuel systems for SI and CI engines, F/A ratio requirements for different operating conditions, fuel transfer pump, fuel injection pump, injector, modern carburettors, MPFI in SI engines.

4. ENGINE PERFORMANCE: testing of engines – their performance characteristics, Scavenging processes, Volumetric, charging and scavenging efficiencies, scavenging methods and systems of four stroke and two stroke engines

5. SUPERCHARGING: Supercharging suitability for SI and CI engines, methods of supercharging, types of supercharging, Special Engines: Introduction to special engines like free piston, multifuel, rotary, dual fuel engines, adiabatic engines and lean burned SI engines. Introduction to Computer simulation methods of IC engines.

6. AUTOMOTIVE POLLUTION AND CONTROL: Introduction, types of emission and sources, emission norms, emission control systems

List of Recommended Books:
1. I.C. Engines, ML Mathur, RP Sharma, Dhanpat Rai Publications
2. IC Engines, Edward F Obert, Harper and Row
3. IC Engines, Heywood

3L + 0T MM: 100 Ex. Hrs. : 3

Management Theory and Functions: Evolution of management, scientific management, contribution of different leaders to scientific management, contribution of Taylor, Fayol, Mayo, Reactions and criticisms, Levels of Management. Administration and Management, functions of management. Decision-making. Business leader, qualities of requirements of a Business Leader, Computers and Management

Business Forms and Organisation: Forms of Business:
i) Single proprietorship ii) Partnership iii) Joint stock company, Private Ltd Companies and public limited companies forming Joint Stock Companies a) Registration b) Issue of Prospectus c) Commencement Certificate iv) Cooperative Society choice of Business forms v) State undertaking. Organisation defined. Kinds of organisation; i) Line Organisation ii) Functional Organisation iii) Line Staff organisation iv) Line Staff Committee organisation, How to build good organisation (v) Span of ControlFinance & Financial Statements: Introduction Needs of Finance, Kinds of Capital; Sources of fixed capital shares – (i) Ordinary Shares (II) Preference Share. Borrow capital. Surplus profits: Depreciation Allowance: Specialised Financial Institutions. Sources of Working Capital. Management of working capital. Financial Statement i) Profit & Loss Statement ii) Balance Sheet (B.S. ) Compared iii) Financial iv) Financial rate, rates commentaries current ratio. Liquidity Ratio. Profits investment ratio, equity ratio. Inventory ratio. Management and Financial ratio, Profits Money conversion cycle in the Business.

Interest and Depreciation: Interest Meaning, Compound interest. Annuities capital recovery annuity present worth annuity, sinking funds annuity, compound amount, annuity, nominal and effective rate of interest. Depreciation: Meaning and causes, Need of Depreciation calculation, Methods of Depreciation. Straight line Methods. Sinking funds methods. Declining Balance Method, sum of years digits methods (Syd Method)

Cost and Costs Control: Costs and Cost Accountancy: Meaning of cost and cost accountancy (CA), Financial Accountancy (FA) comparison between CA and FA, elements of cost Direct cost and indirect cost, variable costs and fixed cost, calculation of Product cost, cost control techniques of cost control. Budgets, Meaning kinds, advantages, budgetary control. Break even analysis. Techniques for evaluation of capital investments.

Personnel Management: Origin and evolution. Meaning and content, different definitions of personnel manager. Functions of personnel recruitment, selection, placement, training promotions, transfer, demotion, complaint and grievances, methods of settlement, absenteeism. Labour turn over, employees morals, moral and satisfaction. Welfare provisions, Retirement, pensions, Gratuity, Discharge and dismissals Merit rating

Labour Relations and Legislation: Profit sharing, fringe benefits etc. For higher productivity, Meaning and scope, Trade Union. Trade Union in India, Employees Union. Methods of settling disputes (i) Collective Bargaining (ii) Conciliation (iii) Mediation (iv) Arbitration Industrial disputes in India, Machinery for settling disputes. Trade Dispute Acts. The Factory Act of 1944 Employees State Insurance Act Provident Fund Act, Payment of Wages Act, Workman’s Compensation Act.

Purchase and Marketing: Purchasing: importance and objective. Functions and Duties of Purchase Department. Purchasing Procedure Kinds of Purchasing. Organisational set up relationship with other departments. Evaluation of efficiency of purchase
Marketing organisations marketing of consumer and producer goods. Consumer behaviour. Sales promotions. Methods, relationship or marketing with other departments.

List of Recommended Books:
1. Works Organisation & Management, Basu & Sahu, IBH
2. Modern Production Management, Buffa, Willey
3. Industrial Organisation & Management, Bethel, Atwater, Smith & Stachmax, McGraw Hill
4. Principles of Industrial Organisation, Kimbal & Kimbal, McGraw Hill
5. Principles of Industrial Management, Alford, Ronald Press

3L + 1T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Section A: Gas Turbine

1. Gas Turbine Cycles: Ideal cycles; open and closed cycles; constant pressure and constant volume cycles; intercoling, reheat and reheat with het exchange; Erickson cycle. Compounding – different shaft arrangements, special applications of gas turbines such as industrial, aircraft, marine. Gas turbines in power generation; combined cycle power generation.

2. Performance of Practical Gas Turbine Cycles: Compressor and turbine efficiencies: pressure losses, heat exchanger thermal ratio; mechanical losses, variation of specific heat; design point performance calculation for simple cycle. Factors affecting the performance, calculation of practical gas turbine cycles; polytropic efficiency; general performance of simple cycle with losses

3. Gas turbine cycles for aircraft propulsion: Criteria of performance intake and propelling nozzle efficiencies, simple turbojet cycle, turbofan engine, turboprop engine, thrust augmentation

4. Centrifugal Compressors: Principle of operation; work done and pressure rise; slip, diffuser. Design criterion; compressibility effects; non- dimensional quantities used for plotting compressor characteristics, surging, choking and rotating stall Gas Turbine

5. Axial Flow Turbines: Choice of blade profile, pitch and chord: stage and overall turbine performance; cooling of turbine blades: overall turbine performance:, methods of improving part –load performance: matching procedures for twin-spool and turbofan engines: transient behaviour of gas turbine, principles of control systems

List of Recommended Books:
1. Gas Turbines Theory, H. Cohan, G.F.C. Roger and HIH Sarvanama, Longman Scientific & Technical Pub., N. York
2. Gas Turbines and Jet and Rocket Propulsion, ML Mathur and RP Sharma, Standard Publisher & Distributor, New Delhi

3L+0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Review of three dimensional analysis of stress, three dimensional Analysis of strain. Stress / Strain transformation. Stress – Strain relations and theories of failure. Plane stress. Theoretical and Experimental stress analysis. How experimental stress analysis is useful in design?

2. Review of Nature of light, polarisation of light, decomposition of elliptically polarised light, crystal optics, Quarter wave plate half wave plate, production of plane polarised light, light ellipse characteristics

3. STRAIN MEASUREMENTS: Introduction to Mechanical gauges, Optical gauges, Electrical gauges, Pneumatic gauges, Acoustic strain gauges for measurement of strain (at least one example of each type)

4. ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE GAUGES: Introduction, Gage sensitivity, Gauge Factor, types of metal resistance gauges, Gauge Materials, Backing Materials, Adhesives, Protective Coatings. A typical Method for Bonding Strain Gauges, Checking Adequacy of Bonding, Strain gauge Lead Wires and connections, Semiconductor Strain Gauges
5. PERFORMANCE OF STRAIN GAUGES: Introduction, Temperature Compensation, Strain Cycling, Transverse Sensitivity, Gauge Length, Strain gauge Response to Dynamic Strain Gauge Excitation Levels, Stability , Environmental Effects on Performance. Performance of Semiconductor Strain Gauges

6. STRAIN GAUGE CIRCUITS: Introduction, Wheatstone Bridge, Circuit sensitivity, Constant Current Resistance Bridge, Error due to Input Impedance of the Measuring Instrument, Principal Features of the Unbalanced Bridge System, Bridge Balancing, Reference Bridge, Potentiometer Circuit, Constant – current Potentiometer Circuits, Temperature Compensation, Effects of Lead Wires, Strain Gauge Transducers, Multiple Gauge Circuits, Slip rings, Calibration of Strain Measuring Systems

7. STRAIN GAUGE ROSETTES: Introduction, three element Rectangular Rosette. Four Element Rectangular Rosette and Tee-Delta Rosette. Two Element Rectangular Rosette. Transverse Sensitivity Errors in Rosettes. Shear – Strain Gauges. Stress Gauge.

8. TWO DIMENSIONAL PHOTO ELASTICITY: Introduction, Stress optic, Relations Two dimensional Case. Plane Polariscope. Isochromataics and Isoclinics. Analysis through Trigonometric Resolutions. White Light Source and Monochromatic Light Source, circular plariscope Dark field arrangement, Jones Calculus, Matrix Representation of Plane Polarized and Circularly Polarized Lights and plates and 14 plates, Plane Polariscope Analysis using Jones Calculus, Circular Polariscope Analysis using Jones Polariscope – Light Field Arrangements, Isoclinic and isochromatic Fringe Order at a Point, Methods of compensation, Reversibility of Iotucak System, Calibration Methods, Use of White Light in Photo-elastic Analysis, Phoyo elastic materials, Reflection Polariscope.

9. TWO DIMENSIONAL PHTOELASTICDATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS : Introduction, Photo-elastic Data, Stress Components, Separation Techniques.

10. THREE DIMENSIONAL PHTOELASTIC DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS : Introduction, Stress Optic Law, Secondary Principal Stresses, Integrated Retardation Pattern, The Stress Freezing Method, Phtotelastic Data from three dimensional model slice, Maximum Information Obtainable from Photo elasticObservations, The sheer difference method, Refraction Effects, The compleProcedure, Material Fringe Constant at Critical Temperature, Axisymmetric Stresses, The Torsion Problem.

11. APPLICATION OF PHOTO ELASTICITY : Introduction, Types of Applications, Properties of an Idea Photo Elastic Material, Casting Techniques, Machining of Photo Elastic Castings, Stress Relieving or Annealing Process, Minimization of Shrinkage Stress in a Photo Elastic Model Material, Scaling Model – Prototype Relations, Two Dimensional Applications, Three Dimensional Applications.

12. MOIRE METHOD AND ANALYSIS : Introduction, Moire Phenomenon, Moire Fringe Analysis, Moire Techniques for Inplane Problems, Analysis Procedures, Moire Techniques for Out of Plane Problems, Special Problems with Moire Technique, Moire Grating Production, Printing and Photography.

13. BRITTLE COATING METHOD : Introduction, Relation between the State of Stress in Coating and that on the Model, Laws of Failure of Brittle Coatings, Crack Patterns and Interpretation of Crack Pattern Date Isostatics and Isoentatics, Types of Brittle Coating Materials, Relative Merits of Brittle Coating Materials, Relative Merits of Stress – Coat and All – Temp Coatings, Variables influencing Accuracy of Brittle Coating Application, Properties of Stress Coat Materials, Crack Detection Techniques, Model – Surface Preparation and Application of Coating, Calibration of Brittle – Coating Materials, Brittle Coating Technique Applied to a Specific Problem.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Experimental Stress Analysis, Dally, J.W. and W.F., Riley, McGraw Hill 2nd Ed. New York, 1978.
2. Photo elastic Stress Analysis, Kuske, A and G. Robertson, John Wiley and Sons, London, 1974.
3. Handbook of ESA, Hetenyi M(ed), John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1950.
4. Moire Analysis of Strains, Durelli, A.J. and V.J. Parks, Prentice Hall, New Dersey, 1970.
5. Experimental Stress Analysis, L.S. Srinath Etal., TMH. 1984.
6. Experimental Stress Analysis, Sadhu Singh, Khanna Publishers, 2001.

3L+0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Plant Location :

Introduction : The ideal location, Proximity to market, Proximity to raw materials, Transportation costs, The labour supply, electric power, Water and land costs, Local Taxes, Security from attack, Specialised communities, Climate, Urban, Suburban, and small town locations, Plant location trends, Best location for small plants, incentives offered by State Government for dispersal of industries, Planned Industrial estate, Government Industrial Estate – Public Sector plants and their location, growing competition for industry among states to locate their midst, Centralization v/s decentralisation – decentralisation by horizontal and vertical methods, Sources of information concerning location, Moving to a new location, Moving costs, To lease or buy or build an industrial plant.

Plant Location Techniques : Euclidean distance, squared, Euclidean distance rectilinear distance, linear distance methods, Problems on multi location.

Plant Layout : Introduction to plant design types of manufacturing processes, Plant location, influence of location on layout, industrial buildings, influences of building on layout, Classical types of layout product layout and process layout and practical layouts.

Planning the layout : Various Operational Research Techniques for balancing of assembly lines, Fabrication line balancing. Safety Engineering : Safety in Machine shop, forging shop, carpentry shop, welding shop and foundry shop, safety in critical storage area, storing explosive materials, gases and inflammable liquids.

1. Types of materials handles in an engineering plant, basic principles of material handling engineering & economic factors.
2. Classifications of material handling equipment’s according to operating principle, Construction and nature of service.
3. Gravity equipments – Chutes, belt and rolling conveyers, Gravity rollers.
4. Fixed systems of power driven conveyers, Belt, Chain slot, apron, wire, bush, pellet, roller flight, cross bar and elevators, screw conveyers, ribbon conveyers, bucket elevators etc. skip hoists, drag scrappers, tramways and cableways.
5. Pneumatics and hydraulic conveyers.
6. Cranes : job, electric overhead travelling (E.O.T.), cantilever cranes, Track systems; Overhead track of monorail system, Industrial railways, locomotive cranes.
7. Portable conveyers; Hand trucks, Forklift trucks.
8. Container system of transport : Unit loads, standardisation of unit load handling.
9. Co-ordination of handling with production; continuous, repetitive and intermittent type; Applications of time and motion study.
10. Organization and selection of plant layout from material handling criteria.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Practical Plant Layout, Muther, McGraw Hill.
2. Plant Layout & Design, Immer, McGraw Hill.
3. Material Handling, Immer, McGraw Hill.
4. Facilities Planning, Tomphins James A. & White John Wiley & Sons.
5. Facility Layout & Location, Francis R.C. & White J.A. Prentice Hall.

3L+0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Introduction : Micro-mechanics of Brittle and Ductile Fracture, Modes of Fracture Failure.

Energy Release Rate : Griffuh’s Energy approach, Mathematical formulation of energy release rate, change in compliance and change in strain energy approach, Energy release rate of DCB specimen, Inelastic, Deformation at crack up, Crack resistance, stable and unstable crack growth, R-curve for Brittle cracks, Thin plate v/s thick plate, Critical Energy release rate.

Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics (LEFM) : Strain and displacement fields at crack up and stress intensity factor (SIF) for mode I, II and III. Effect of finite-size and SIF for few cases, Application of the principle of super position, SIF of edge cracks and embedded cracks, Relation between G and K critical stress intensity factor.

Deformation at the crack Tip : Approximate shape and size of the plastic zone. Effective cracks length, few approaches, Effect of plate thickness, plane stress v/s plane strain crack opening displaned (COD), CTOP retain between CTOD Ki and Gi.

Elastic Olastic Analysis : J – integral and its path independence, Critical J-integral, Application of J-integral to practical problems Equivalence between CTOD and J.

Fatigue Failure : Crack Initiation, Crack propogation, Paris and Erdogan Law, Factor affecting crack propogation, Variable Amplitude Fatigue load, Fatigue damage : Design for used materials, Minors, Mansons and other theories Random fatigue, Use of Minor’s theory.

Facture Control Plans : Various Fracture Control Plans, Effect of falw size, Temperature and Kid on crack growth.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Elements of Fracture Mechanics, Kumar Prashant, Wheeler Publishing.
2. Elementary Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Brock David, Martinus Nighoff Publishers.
3. Application of Fracture Mechanics, Fracture and Fatigue in Structures, Rolfe and Barson, Prentice Hall.

2 Periods MM : 50
1. To verify the relation T=1.W.Wp. for gyroscope.
2. To plot force v/s radius and lift v/s speed curves for governors.
3. To plot pressure distribution curves on a journal bearing.
4. To perform wheel balancing.
5. To perform static and dynamic balancing on balancing set up.
6. To determine mass moment of inertia of a flywheel.
7. Study of a lathe gear box.
8. Study of a sliding mesh automobile gear box.
9. Study of planetary gear box.

2 Periods MM : 50
1. To study of single point cutting tool geometry & to grind the tool to the given tool geometry. Write importance of various angles and to prepare a capacity chart of the Tool & Cutter grinder.
2. a) To study milling machine, milling cutters, indexing methods and various indexing heads.
b) Prepare a gear on milling machine.
3. Prepare a hexagonal / octagonal nut using indexing head on milling m/c and to cut bsw/metrix internal threads on lathe (to meet the job).
4. a) To prepare the capacity of chart for a lathe machine.
b) To cut multi-start square / metric thread.
c) To cut external metric threads & to mesh it with the nut (drg).
d) Prepare the process chart for the job.
5. To prepare the job by eccentric turning on lathe machine drawing.
6. a) To study shaper machine & its mechanism and calculate its quite return ratio.
b) To prepare a job on shaper from given msred drawing.
7. To plot tangential, feed and radial force as a function of cutting speed an feed in turning.
8. To study the effect of rake angle on clip thickness ratio and the shea angle in orthogonal machining.
9. Using drill dynamometer measure the torque and thrust force in drilling and to plot the characteristics, torque, force and power v/s speed & feeds.
10. a) To measure a gap by means of slip gauges.
b) To compare & assess the method of small bore measurement with the aid of spheres.
11. a) To check the accuracy of a ground machined/lapped flat surface.
b) To check the accuracy of machined cylindrical surface.
12. To measure effective diameter of a screw thread by three wire method.
13. To perform alignment test on a centric lathe.
14. a) To calibrate Pneumatic comparator and measure taper of a given work piece.
b) To measure the taper of a given test piece with the help of a sine bare and compare it.

3 Periods MM : 100
List of Experiements : I.C. Engine Lab.
1. To find the valve timing of a four stroke single cylinder diesel engine and show the valve timing on actual P.V. diagram.
2. To conduct load test on diesel engine.
a) Determine the Willien’s line by graphical and regression method.
b) To find out brake power, brake and indicated thermal efficiency, mechanical efficiency, bsfe, isfe, IMEP, BMEP, Air fuel ratio, specific brake output, mean piston speed, clearance volume.
c) Plot – Load v/s above parameter.
3. To measure the smote density by smote meter in diesel engine and plot load v/s smoke density at constat speed.
4. To find out the corrected performance parameters (as indicated in Exp. 2(b) ) on diesel engine and to plot the heat balance sheet.
5. Study of Zenith carburettor and a simple carburettor used in two wheelers.
6. To plot the pressure ratio profile along the length of a given nozzle by using different back pressures and to compare actual and theoretical area ratios.
7. To perform load test on dual fuel engine at (i) Constant load variable gas supply (ii) Variable constant gas supply.
8. To perform load test on 2-stroke petrol engine at constant speed variable throule and variable speed constant throule.
9. To study the A) Wankel engine (B) Electronic ignition system (C) Conductivity of metallic rod.
10. To study Morse test rig solve two problems given data.

2 Periods MM : 50
(A) Turbo C Graphics : To make C programs to Animate / different mechanics.
1. Slider Crack Mechanism
2. Quick Return Mechanism.
3. Cam Follower etc.
(B) AutoCAD
1. To make a component drawing.
2. To make a nassembly drawing.
3. To make a sectional views using concept of layers.
4. To develop 3D surface models.
5. To develop 3D solid modes.

1. Using Turbo C/AutoCAD.

VI Semester
3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Fatique considerations in Design : Variable load, loading pattern, Endurance stresses, influence of size, surface finite, notch sensitivity & stress concentration, Goodman line, soderberg, Design of machine members subjected to combined, steady and alternating stresses, Design for finite life, Design of Shafts under Variable Stresses.
2. Design of Rigidity : Transverse and lorsion deflection.
3. Design of helical compression, torsional and leaf springs, Springs under variable stresses.
4. Preloading of bolts : Effects of initial tension and applied load bolts subject to variable stresses.
5. Design of weldments, welds subjected to eccentric loading and combined stresses.
6. Design of members which are curved like crane hook, body of C-clamp, machine frame etc. Power Screws like lead screw, Screw jack.
7. Design of Cylinder; Thin and Thick.
8. Design of flywheels.
9. Design of components like crank shafts and connection rod.
10. Design of plate clutches and brakes.
11. Design of belt, rope and pulley drive system, chain & sprocket drive systems.
12. Design of gear teeth, lewis and Buckingham equation; wear and Dynamic load considerations, Design and force analysis of spur, helical, bevel and worm gears, Bearing reactions due to gear tooth forces, Detailed design of fixed ratio gear boxes.
13. Design of sliding & journal bearing : method of lubrication, hydrodynamic, hydrostatic, boundary etc. Minimum film thickness and thermal equilibrium.
14. Selection of anti friction bearings for different loads and load cycles mounting of the bearings, Method of lubrication, Selection of oil seals.

Text Books :
1. Elements of Machine Design : N.C. Pandya 7 C.S. Shah, Charotar Book Stall, Anand.
2. Design of Machine Elements : V.B. Bhandari, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd.
3. Mechanical Engineering Design : J.E. Shingley, McGraw Hill Book Co.
4. Fundamentals of Machine Component Design : R.C. Juvinall & K.M. Marshek, John Wilay & Sons.
5. Theory & Problems of Machien Design, Halt et.; Schaum’s Outline Series, Mc Graw Hill Book Co.
6. ‘Design Data’ PSG College of Technology, M/s. DPV Printers.
7. ‘Machine Design’, Rajendra Karwa.

3L + 1T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Introduction : Introduction to heat transfer process : Thermal conductivity of solids, Liquids and gases; effect of temperature.
Conduction : Fourier’s law; general 3 dimensional conduction equation; different kind of boundary conditions; nature of differential equations; one dimensional heat conduction with and without heat generation; electrical analogy; heat conduction through composite walls; critical thickness of analogy; heat conduction through composite walls; critical thickness of insulation; heat conduction through composite walls; critical thickness of insulation; heat transfer from finned surfaces; fin efficiency and effectiveness.

Convection, Review of Navier – Stores and energy equations, hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layers; laminas boundary layer equations : forced convection appropriate non dimensional m embers : flow over flat plate : similarity solution; Von Karman’s method; effect of Prandtl number: laminar, flow through circular pipe: Constant heat flux and constant wall temperature conditions, empirical relations.

Natural Transfer with change of phase : Dimensional analysis, Grash off numbers, boundary layers in external flows )flow over a flat plate only_, boundary layer equations and their solutions, heat transfer correlations.

Heat Transfer with change of Phase : Nature of vaporization phenomena; different regimes of boiling heat transfe, correlations for saturated liquid vaporization; condensation on flat plates; correlation of experimental results, drop wise condensation.

Heat Exchanger : Different types of heat exchangers, arithmetic and logarithmic mean temperature differences, heat transfer coefficient for parallel counter and cross flow type heat exchanger ; effectiveness of heat exchanger N.T.U. method, fouling factor.

Thermal Radiation : Plank distribution law, Krichoff’s law, radiation properties diffuse radiations; Lamber’s law, Radiation intensity, heat exchange between two black bodies heat exchange between grey bodies, Shape factor, electrical analogy; regarding surfaces.

Introduction to Mass Transfer : Mass and mole concentrations, molecular diffusion, eddy, diffusion, Molecular diffusion from an evaporation fluid surface, Mass transfer in laminar and turbulent convections, Raynold’s analogy, Combined heat and mass transfer the wet and dry build thermometer.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Fundamental of heat and mass transfer, R.C. Schdeva, New Age publications.
2. Fundamental of Heat and Mass Transfer, C.P. Kothandaraman, New Age Publication.
3. Process Heat and Mass Transfer, KERN, TMH.
4. Heat and Mass Transfer, Dr. D.S. Kumar, S.K. Kataria & Sons.
5. Heat and Mass Transfer, Alan J. Chapman, Macmillan Publishing Co., New York.
6. Heat Transfer, J.P. Holman, TMH.

3L + 1T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Section-A : Steam Turbine

1. Vapour Power : Cycles including superheating, reheating, regenerative and water extraction cycles, Concepts of binary and binary vapour cycles, State point locus, reheat factor and energy losses in steam turbines.
2. Basic Equations : For efficiency and utilization factor for radial flow, axial flow, impulse, and reaction turbines, Methods of reducing rotor speed, Velocity diagrams for two stages, Calculation of main blade dimensions, thrust, theoretical power, torque and optimum operating variables.
3. Classification : Base load, pass out, exhaust and back pressure turbines: special constructional features of steam turbines, lubrication systems; Governing : Throttle control; nozzle control and by pass governing; mechanical oil relay and emergency trip governors, Starting and stopping procedure.
4. Condensers : Steam condensing plants; advantages of condensers; types of condensers; sources of air in condensers and performance of condenser.

Section-B : Gas Dynamics

1. Isentropic Flow : Velocity of sound; Match angle; Mach number, Steady isentropic flow through ducts; use of isentropic tables; condition for maximum discharge; choked flow; flow through convergent and convergent divergent nuzzle, supersaturated flow in nozzle.
2. Adiabatic Flow and Flow with Heat Transfer : Adiabatic flow : Fanno line tables; entropy change; choking due to friction: Flow through long ducts: Adiabatic flow : Rayleigh line: use of tables: change in entropy effect of change in stagnation temperature.
3. Normal Shock : Plane stationary normal shock: Ranking-Hugoniol relations: increase in entropy: Prandtks relations: change ins stagnation pressure across the shock.

Note :The weightage for setting question paper from Section A and B should be in the ratio of 5:3 student has to answar at least two questions from Section A and one from Section B.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Steam and Gas Turbines, R. Yadav, Central Publishing House, Allahabad.
2. thermodynamics and heat Power Engineering, Vol. I, M.L. Mathur and F.S. Mehta, Jain Bros, New Delhi.
3. Gas Dynamics, S.M. Yahya.
3L + 1T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. introduction : Application of the momentum and moment of momentum equations to flow through hydraulic machinery, Euler’s fundamental equation; Classification of machines.
2. Hydraulic Turbines : Classification of turbines, Impulse turbine Construction details Velocity triangles, Power and efficiency classifications, Governing of Platen wheels, Reactions turbines, Francis and Kaplan turbines, Constructional details; Velocity triangles power and efficiency calculation; degree of section draft tube, cavitations.
3. Principles of Similarity : Unit and specific quantities, performance characteristics of Water turbines, Application of hydraulic turbines to hydro power station.
4. Reciprocating Pumps : Reciprocating pump; theory, indicator diagram, slip, effect of friction and acceleration theorty of air vessel.
5. Rotodynamic Pump : Classification, Centrifugal pumps, Vector diagrams, Specific speed head, power and efficiency calculations model testing performance characteristics.
6. Experimental determination of pump characteristics, Pump Characteristics curves from flow versus specific speed Parallel and Series connection of pumps of common pipe line, Selection of pumps. Cavitations and abrasive wear of pumps, Non stable operation of pump.
7. Miscellaneous Hydraulic Power Transmission : Hydro-Kinetic system, function, methods of control, constant and variable delivery systems, common uses of hydrostatic systems.
8. Hydro Kinetic transmission system theory of hydraulic couplings and torque convertors operation characteristics common uses of hydro-kinetic systems.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Engineering Fluid Mechanics : K.L. Kumar, Eurasia Publishing House (P) Ltd.
2. Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering, D.S. Kumar, S.K. Kataria & Sons, Nai Sarak, Delhi.

3L + 1T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Section-A : Mechanical Vibrations :

Scope of Vibration, Harmonic Vibration, Degree of freedom, one dimensional longitudinal ,transverse and torsional vibrations with and without damping; Free and forced vibrations, Vibration Isolation and Transmissibility : Force Transmissibility, Transmissibility of motion, System with two degrees of freedom; Dynamic vibration Absorber; Many degrees of freedom systems; Torsional vibration of a multi rotor system.

Vibrations of continuous systems; Flexural vibrations of beams, Approximate methods; Rayleigh, Rayleigh-Ritz Stodola, Dunkerley’s and Holer’s methods. Critical speeds or whirling speeds of shafts; Calculation of dynamic stresses. Electrical Analogy; Analog circuits for Mechanical systems and Vice versa.

Vibration Measurements; Vibration pick ups, accelerometers; inductance and capacitance type pick ups, piezoelectric pickups; exciters, vibration meter, Vibration Analyser fault detection from vibration, Diagnostic Maintenance.

Section-B : Noise Engineering :

Introduction and Fundamental of sound waves, Acoustics, Subjective response human ear, Audible frequency range, Loudness Noise harmful effects, Vibrations s the major cause of noise, Decibels, Determination of the noise level by simple calculations, Noise Pollution, Noise induced threshold shift, Noise Standards, Recommended Noise levels.

Machinery noise, Reduction of noise, Reduction of noise and it’s control, Design for less noise, Enclosures, Silencers, barriers etc. Noise Control in industry. Noise mathematics, Addition of sound levels, Calculation of SPL.

Noise Measurements : The range of quantities encountered in sound, Decibel scale, Frequency / locative bands, Microphones, sounds level meter, Frequency analysers, fault detection from noise analysis, Diagnostic Maintenance,Measurement environment, Anechoic chamber.

Reference Books :
1. Mechanical Vibrations; G.K. Grover, Nemi Chand & ros., Roorkee.
2. Vibration Theory & Applications; W.T. Thomson.
3. Vibrations & Noise for Engineers, K.K. Pujra, Dhanpat Rai & sons, Delhi.
4. Theory and Problems of Mechanical vibrationsl W.W. Seto Schaum;s Outline Series, McGraw Hill International Educations.
5. Mechanical Vibrations,….. Den Hartog.
6. Vibration Problems in Engineering, ….. Timshenko.

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Frame & Body : Layout of chassis, types of chassis frames and bodies, their constructional features and materials.

Transmission System : Clutch; single plate, multiple, cone clutch, semi centrifugal, electromagnetic, Vaccum and hydraulic clutches, Fluid Coupling.

Gear boxes, Sliding mesh, constant mesh, Synchromesh and epicyclic gear boxes, Automatic transmission system, Hydraulic torque converter; overdrive, propeller shaft, universal joints, front wheel drive, differential; Rear axle drives, Hotchkiss and torque tube drives; rear axle types; Two wheel and four wheel drive.

Running Gear : Type of wheels and tyres, Tyre construction: tyre inflation pressure, tyre wear and their causes; re-treading of the tyre, steering system, steering gear boxes, steering linkages, steering mechanism, under and over steering, steering geometry, effect of chamber, caster, king pin inclination, toe in and toe out, power steering; integral and linkage types suspension systems; objects and requirements, suspension spring, front and rear suspension systems, Independent suspension system shock absorber.

Brakes : Classification and function; Mechanical, hydraulic, vaccum air and self engineering brakes; brake shoes and lining materials.

Automotive Electrical System : Battery construction, Charging and testing, battery types.

Starting and Battery Charging System : Starter motor construction, types of drive Alternator construction, regulation and rectification.

Ignition Systems : Magneto and coil ignition systems, System components and requirements, Automotive lighting : Wiring systems, Electrical Instruments, head lamp, electric horn, fuel level indicator.

Automotive Air Conditioning : Introduction, Loads, Air-conditioning System Components, Refrigerants, Fault Diagnosis.

Automotive Safety : Safety requirements, Safety Devices, Air bags, belts, radio ranging, NVS (Night Vision System) GPS (Global Positioning System) etc.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Automobile Engineering, R.K. Sharma.
2. Automobile Engineering, Kripal Singh, Vol. 1 & 2.
3. Automotive Chassis and Body, P.L. Kohli, Vol. 1 & 2.
4. Vehicle Engine and Technology, Heisler, ELBS.
5. Automatic Trnasmission, Mathias F. Brejcha, Prentice Hall.
6. auto Mechanics, Webster Jay, Glenwne Publishing Co.,

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Welding as compared with other fabrication processes, Basic classification of welding processes.

2. Mechanism of arc initiation and maintenance, temperature distribution in arc., Arc characteristics and forces.

3. Fusion Welding : Critical reviews of manual metal arc. TIG, MIG CO2 & submerged arc welding, electro slag & Electro gas welding.

4. Electrode selection, filler materials, fluxes, shielding gas, ISI code for welding electrodes & fluxes. Specifications and characterisation of various power sources in arc welding, mechanism and type of metal transfer in arc welding, fctors controlling melting rate in welding processes influence of magnetic field on arc welding characteristics.

5. Resistance welding : Techniques & application of various resistance welding processes, Thermit welding, solid state welding, Friction, diffusion & cold pressure welding metal cladding, Modern welding process : Ultrasonic Electoral beam, Plasma arc; welding, Metal Spraying.

6. Welding Metallurgy : Weldability, metallurgical changes occurring during fusion welding, welding of ferrous and non-ferros metals and alloys, Effect of alloying elements in welding. Heat flow in welding peak temperature, width of heat affected, Zone Cooling rates and solidification rates, weld thermal cycles, residual stresses and their measurements, weld distortion and its prevention.

7. Thermal cutting process :Oxygen cutting, plasma arc cutting, air carbon cutting & laser cutting techniques.
8. Welding defects testing & adhesive bonding, Mechanism, Techniques & scope of brazing, soldering and bonding processes. Weld cracking : Mechanism of cold and hot cracking, Hydrogen embitterment, determination of hydrogen dissolved in weld metal techniques for welding without hydrogen.

9. Specific applications of welding : Welding of pressure vessels industrial piping, reactor metals, storage tanks, cladding, metalizing and surfacing, Under water welding.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Welding Handbook, American Welding Society.
2. Welding Process, Croft, Cambridge University Press.
3. Welding for Engineers, Udin Fruk & Wultf, John Wiley.
4. Welding Technology, Rossi, McGraw Hill.
5. Welding Technology, R.S. Parmar, Khanna Publishers.

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Introduction to plasticidity, stress strain tensors and their invariants, spherical, deviator and octahedral stresses, Yield conditions, Plastic stress-strain relations, Plastic conditions.
2. Slip line field theory and upper bound analysis, concept of lubrication in metal working. Calculation of loads in plane-strain compression (slab method).
3. Theory of Rolling : Determination of rolling loads and torque. Design of rolls, camber. Design of grooves for rolling various sections, strip rolling, influence of rolling techniques and properties of products.
4. Analysis of various mental forming processes, cold working, hot working, warm working or semi hot working, effects of variables on metals forming processes, flow through conical converging dies, upper bound and free body equilibrium approach, optional cone angle and dead zone formation, Analysis of metal working processes like extrusion, deep drawing and wire drawing.
5. Analysis of closed and open die forging processes and pressing, forging ofsolid and hollow disks, slow and high speed forgings.
6. Introduction of stretch forming, bending and spinning.
7. Sheet metal working, blanking, piercing, deep drawing, forming.

List of Recommended Books :
1. An introduction to the Principles of Metal Working, Rowe, Arnold.
2. Metal formatting Analysis, Avitzur, McGraw Hill.
3. Plasticity for Mechanical Engineers, Johnson Mellore, Van Nostrand.
4. Mechanical Metallurgy, George Diete, McGraw Hill.
5. Plasticity, Chakrabarty.

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Management Accounting : Concept, objects, functions and its nature, Financial Accounting V/s Management Accounting, Modification of Financial Data to serve managerial needs, scope of management Accounting, Conventions of Management Accounting.

Financial Planning : Need for financial planning, objects of financial plan, factors, limitations, financial guide lines.

Concept of working Capital : Kind, Nature, Significance of working capital and working capital Financing.

Long term Financing : Sources, Uses, Limitations, Comparative Analysis.

Financial Statements : Basic concepts underlying financial accounting, Balance sheet, Profit & Loss Account, Sources & uses of funds statements, Working Capital Cash & total resources basis.

Financial Analysis : Ratio Analysis – Type of Ratio, Liquidity Ratios, Capital Structure Ratios, Profitability Ratios, Turnover Ratios : Time Series Analysis, Index analysis, Comparative common size analysis.

Analysis of Leverage : Types of Leverage, Financial Leverage, Operating Leverage & combined Leverage.

Financial Control : Concept and nature aims and techniques, Characteristic’s of a sound system of financial control.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Financial Management : Principles and Practices, I.M. Pandey, Vikas Publishing House.
2. Management Accounting : Financial Management & Holding Company Accounts, Nagarathnam S. : Schand & Company.
3. Financial Management Theory & Practice, Prasanna Chandra, Tata McGraw Hill.
4. Financial Management : Analytical and Conceptual Approach, Kuchal S.C. Chaitanya Publishing House.

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Introduction & Overview : Historical development, distinctive features of HRM : objectives of HRM system, Applied Behavioural Sciences for HRD.

Organisation Development & Culture Building : Organisational Structure, Formal and Informal Organisations. Organisations as open system. Corporate HR strategies Organisations trends – changing culture and interventions. Overview of Organisation climate : Organisational effectiveness.

Human Resources Planning : Concept & process of HRP : Demand and supply or human Resources Forecasting Methods & Techniques, Utilization of human resources, Recruitment and selection : Induction and Placement Career development.

Performance Appraisal & Potential Appraisal : Appraisal Techniques Promotion and Reward Policies, Determination of Reward : Relevance of Motivation theories.

Employee Development : Training & Development, Educational Training & Retraining Identification of Training needs : Designing Training and Development Activities, Conduction Specific Training & Development activities, Conducting specific Training & Development Activities Training Methods off the job; On the job etc.

Human Resource Information System : Corporate Management Information system; MIS methodologies using computerised HR Information System; Design & Development of HRIS; Implementation methods; Modern trends & technological change.

Employee Relations : Communication & Participation; Trade Union Representation; conflict Resolution, Negotiation skills, compensation and settlement management.

Framework for compensation policy institutional / HR mechanics in for wage determination.

Design of performance link reward system pay restructuring in mergers and acquisitions. Voluntary retirement schemes, Down sizing and retirement.

Case studies & workshops : Current trends & techniques like ERP System (HR include) common HR problems : Labour Laws.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Human Resources Management, Saiyadain, Muza S. Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1997.
2. The Essence of Human Resources Management, KcKenna, Engene N.C. Beech, PHI, New Delhi, 1997.
3. Management Information Systems, Banerjee, Utpal K. and R.K. Sachdeva, Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi, 1997.
4. Principle of Management, Terry and Franklin, ATTBS Publishers,New Delhi, 1996.
5. Question Bank in Management of Human Resource, Ramaswami, N., T.R. Publication, adras, 1993.

2 Periods MM : 100

Problems On :
1. Fatique loading
2. Helical Compression tension, torsional & leaf springs
3. Design of Weldments
4. Curved Beams
5. Clutches and Brakes
6. Belt, Rope and chain drive system
7. Gear Design
8. Sliding Contract Bearing Design
9. Anti-friction Bearing Selection
10. Design of Flywheels.

2 Periods MM : 100

1. For given apparatus determine :
a) Thermal conductivity of given insulating powder.
b) Critical thickness of insulation.
c) Thermal resistance insulating powder.
d) To plot theoretical temperature profile by dividing the thickness in minimum live parts.
e) State all the assumption applied in above calculation.
2. To find emissivity of a grey body relative to a given block body.
3. To find out the Stefan Boltzen constant.
4. To perform experiment on pin fin test rig in forced convection by neglecting radiation losses & to calculate.
a) Convectine heat transfer coefficient (experimentally & empirical correlation).
b) Efficiency.
c) Effectiveness.
d) Comparison of experimental & theoretical temperature profile.
e) Repeat the same exercise by considering radiation losses.
5. To find the convectively heat transfer coefficient of a given cylinder in vertical position by neglecting radiation losses by assuring.
a) Constant surface temperature.
b) Constant heat flux & compare with experimental heat transfer coefficient by neglecting radiation losses & by considering radiation losses.
6. Perform the experiment no. 5 by using cylinder in horizontal position.

2 Periods MM : 75

List of Experiments :
1. To Draw operating characteristics of Pelton wheel.
2. To Draw operating characteristics of Francies turbine at 40%, 50% and full gate opening.
3. To Draw operating characteristics of Kaplan turbine at different loads.
4. To Draw operating characteristics of Centrifugal pump at 3 to 4 speeds.
5. To plot discharge v/s lift curve for different flow rates in hydro ram.
6. To Draw operating Characteristics of centrifugal pump and determine surging point.

2 Periods MM : 75

1. To verify relation T = 2? ?t/g for a simple pendulum.
2. To determine radium of gyration of compound pendulum.
3. To determine the radius of gyration of given by using bifilar suspension.
4. To determine natural frequency of Spring mass system.
5. Equivalent spring mass system.
6. To determine natural frequency of free torsional vibrations of single rotor system.
a) Horizontal rotor b) Vertical rotor.
7. To verify the Dunker leys rule.
8. Study of free damped torsional vibration to performing the experiment to find out damping co-efficient.
9. To conduct experiment on bifilar suspension.
10. Vibration of beams concept of more than one degree of freedom, Excitation using eccentric mass.
11. Critical speed of shafts.
12. Study of Vibration measuring instruments.

1. Study of noise measuring instruments.
2. Experiment with sound level meter & filters.

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Evaluation of Work Study : Work of F.W. Taylor, Frank and Lillian Gilbreth and others; Productivity definition, Means of increasing productivity work study definition; Productivity and work study, Human Factor in the application of work study.

2. Motion Study; Definition, aims : Procedure for method study; Selection of Jobs: Recording Techniques: Micro motion study: Therbligs; Cyclograph and Chronocycle graph : Principles of motion economy. Design of work place layout : Analysis in the form of a chart; operation chart; flow process chart: flow diagram : string diagram : Man machine chart : Two hand chart : Simon chart.

3. Work Measurement (Time Study) :Definition: Uses : Procedure: time study equipment; performance rating allowances, number of cycles to be studies. Determination of standard time : Predetermined Motion time systems.

4. Job Evaluation : Objectives of Job Evaluation : Methods of job evaluation; Non-quantitative and quantitative.

5. Production Planning & Control : Types of production; function of production planning and control; planning preplanning, sales forecasting short term forecasting; Long forecasting; routing; scheduling; dispatching and control with other department.

6. Plant Location and Layout : Selection of site, layout contributing factors, Facilities available form Govt. and autonomous agencies, Material handling system and equipments; layout according to the manufacturing system, Procedure and techniques of layout and line balancing.

7. Quality Control : Operational and economic definition of quality meaning of quality control, objectives of quality control Statistical quality control Process capability studies: Control charts for variables, control charts for average outgoing quality.

8. Materials Management : Field and scope of materials management material planning and programme. ARC control Policy inverter, control Economic lot size, lead time and recorder point, Inventory models (Deterministic only).
9. Wages and Incentives : Characteristics of a Good wage or incentive system method of wage payment concept of wage incentive schemes, Financial and non-financial Holsely premium plan, Merric’s Multiple piece rate system.

10. Concept of new Techniques; Scheduling through Network CPM and use of linear programming methods to solve product miz. problem.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Introduction to study, ILO Publications.
2. Statistical Quality Control Grant EL & Leawethwarts R.S. McGraw Hill.
3. Facility Layout & Location, Francis R.C. & White J.A., Prentice Hall of India.
4. Production and Operations Management, Adam Everett E. & Ebert Ronald J. PHI.
5. Production and operations Management, E.W.S. Buffa and S. Kapoor.

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Introduction to Refrigeration and Air Conditioning : Methods of refrigeration conventional and non-conventional; Units of refrigeration; COP and refrigeration efficiency.

2. Air Refrigeration : Bell Coleman and Brayton cycles; Simple, Bootstrap and other aircraft refrigeration systems.

3. Vapour compression Refrigeration : Carnot vapour compression cycle; Simple vapour compression cycle, Effect of Sub-cooling, superheating and pressures in cycle performance : Actual vapour compression cycle; Multi-stage compression and cascade refrigeration cycles.

4. Vapour absorption Refrigeration : Working principles; COP comparison with vapour compression refrigeration systems; Actual aqua ammonia vapour refrigeration system; Lithium Bormide water absorption system; Electro-lux refrigeration system. Application of absorption refrigeration system, system based on waste heat utilisation.

5. Other Refrigeration System : Principle and applications of steam jet refrigeration system, Performance : Vortextube refrigeration, thermoelectric refrigeration systems.

6. Refrigerants; Desirable properties of a refrigerants : Primary and secondary refrigerants : Various refrigerants and their properties; Alternatives the chloroflorohydro carbons.

7. Comfort Conditioning : Psychrometry, Psychometric relations, Psychometric chart, various processes, Apparatus dew point, By pass in contact factors. Human comfort, factor effecting human comfort, comport chart.

8. Cooling and Heating Load Calculations : Design conditions : Sensible and latent loads; Sensible heat ratio : Structural, electrical infiltration and ventilation gains : Occupancy heat gains : Heating & cooling load estimates winter and summer design condition air-quantity and temperature requirement. Boundary and central air-conditioning system : Summer, winter and all year conditioning air washes.
9. Distribution and Duct Systems : Distribution of air in conditioned space, location, return and exhaust grills, Duct materials and sizing, design of fly and return air ducts.

10. Solar Radiation : Direct & diffuse radiations, Sun earth angles, direct solar radiation on a vertical horizontal & inclined surface empirical methods to evaluate heat transfer through walls and roofs.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, C.P. Gupta.
2. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, Ballarey.
3. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, C.P. Arora.
4. Modern Air Conditioning Practice, Narman E. Harris, Tata McGraw Hill.

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Fundamentals of CAD : Design Process, Application of computers for Design. CAD workstation, wire-frame versus solid modelling.

2. Transformations : Homogeneous co-ordinates, Translation, Rotation, Reflection, Scaling, Combined, Transformation, Orthographic, Axonometric, Oblique and Perspective projections.

3. Curves : (i) Parametric Representation of Analytic Curves : Lines, Circles, Ellipses, Parabolas, Hyperbolas, Conics (ii) Parametric Representation of Analytic Curves : Hermite cubic Spililns, Bezier Curves, B-Splilnes Curves, Rational Curves.

4. Brief introduction to surface and solid modelling, windowing & clipping, view point rendering, hidden surface and line removal.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Mathematical Elements for Computer Graphics, Rogers and Adams.
2. CAD / CAM theory and Practice, Zeid Ibrahim, Tata McGraw Hill.
3. Computer Graphics (Schaum Series), Plastock and Kalley.

3L + 1T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Overview of Operations Research : Linear Programming : LP formulation, graphical method, simplex method, duality and sensitivity analysis, transportation mode, Assignment Model, Sequencing problems, Network Flow models, constrained optimisation and Lagrange multipliers. Integer Linear Programming, Branch & Bound algorithms Zero one implicit Enumeration cutting Plane Algorithms, Dynamic programming.

2. Replacement Models : Capital equipment replacement with time, group replacement of items, subjected to total failure, Industrial staff problem, replacement problems under warranty condition.

3. Queuing Theory : Analysis of the following queues with poison pattern of arrival and exponentially distributed service times, single channel queue with infinite customer population, Multi-channel queue with infinite customer population, single channel queue with finite customer population, Multi-channel queue with finite customer population, Analysis of the queue with unlimited and limited system capacity.

4. Simulation : Need of simulation, advantages and disadvantages of simulation method of simulation, Generation of Random numbers, Generation of Normal Random numbers, Generation of Random numbers with any given distribution, Use of random numbers for system simulation, Application of simulation for solving queuing Inventory Maintenance, Scheduling and other industrial problems.

5. Competitive Situations and Solutions : Game theory, two person zero sum game, approximate solution, simplified analysis for other competitive situations, Theory of Decision Making : Decision making under certainty, risk under uncertainty, decision trees.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Introduction to Operations Research, Hiller F.S. & Liberman G.J. CBS Publishers.
2. Operations Research, Taha H.A., McMillan Publishing Company.
3. Foundation of Optimisation, Heightler, C.S. & Philips D.T., Prentice Hall.
4. Fundamentals of operational Research, Sasieni, Wiley.
5. Operations Research, Ravindra, A., Phillips, D.T. Solberg, J.J. John Willey.

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Jigs and Fixtures : Introduction, definition and difference, usefulness of jigs and fixtures; design considerations; materials used; principles and methods of location; clamping elements; jig bushes; drilling jigs; fixtures for milling turning, boring and welding; assembly fixtures, indexing devices; economics of jigs and fixtures, complete design of a jig and a fixtures.

2. Gear Manufacturing Processes : Introduction; methods of forming gears, hot rolling; stamping, powder metallurgy; extruding of coining etc. Shear cutting of gear-template process, gear generating processes; gear hobbing, gear shaping, bevel gear generating; gear finishing processes, shaving, grinding, lapping, shot blasting, phosphate coating, gear testing.

3. New Machine Methods : Types of machining methods : hot machining; explosive forming, electric discharge machining (E.D.M.), ECM, ultrasonic machining (U.S.M.); Electron, beam machining (E.B.M.), laser beam Machining (L.B.M.); abrasive jet machining (A.J.M.) Plasma Arc Machining (PAM); economics of machining!

4. Special Purpose Machine Tools : Automatic lathes; Capston and turret lathe machines, Swiss automatic, operational planning and turrent tool layout, sequence of operations, economic batch quantity, production tooling arrangement, selection of cutting speeds and feeds; calculation of machining time; cutting time; total and production rate and transfer machines.

5. Design of Single point cutting tools : Introduction : functions of various tool angles; design of single point turning tool; parting tool; empirical determination of force components; optimum value of tool angles.

6. Design of Milling Cutters : Introduction angle of contact; force consumption, tooth form and cutter design.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Production Engineering Sciences by P.C. Pandey & C.K. Singh, Standard Publishers & Distributors, Delhi.
2. Production Engineering by P.C. Sharma, S. Chand & Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
3. Fundamentals of tool design : F.W. Willson; Astme.

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Introduction to Machine Tool Design and Mechanisms : Working and Auxiliary motions in Machine tool parameters defining the working motion of a machine tool, machine tool devices, hydraulic transmission and its elements, mech transmission and its elements, General requirements of machine tool design.

2. Regulation of Speed and Feed Rates : Aim of speed and federate regulation, stepped regulation of speed; Design of Speed box; Structural diagrams, general conditions for developing the gearing diagram steeples regulation of speed and feed rates.

3. Design of Machine tool structure : Functions of machine tool structures and, their requirements. Design criteria for machine tool structures, materials of machine tool structures, static and dynamic, structure profiles of machine tool structures, Basic design procedure for machine tool structure.

4. Design of Spindles : Functions of spindle unit and requirements, materials of spindles, Design calculations of spindles.

5. Dynamics of Machine Tools : Dynamic Characteristics of elements and systems, Dynamic characteristics of equivalent elastic system, dynamic characteristics of the cutting process, stability analysis.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Machine Tool Design : N.K. Mehta, Tata McGraw Hill.
2. Design of Machine Tools, S.K. basu & D.K. Pal, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.
3. Machine Tool Design, G.C. Sen and A. Bhattacharya.

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Stress, strain and deformation relations, plane – stress, planes strain, principles of minimum Potential Energy, Principle of virtual work.

2. Stiffness method for steady state problems of discrete systems (Bar, trusses, one dimensional heat transfer system), Element stiffness matrix, Assembly of elements, global stiffness matrix and its properties, Node numbering, Displacement and force Boundary conditions, Transformation matrix, Gauss elimination method.

3. Displacement – Based FEM for solid mechanics.
a) Derivation of finite element equilibrium equations Langrangian elements (1-D & 2-D elements); CST, rectangle, aspect ratio shape functions, lumping of load, compatibility and convergence requirements, Stress calculations.
b) Isopohmetric Derivation of Stiffness matrices, bar and plane bilinear elements, serendipity elements, natural co-ordinates, numerical integration, co-continuity and Cl – continuity p and h refinement.

4. Variational Method : Variational Approach for known functional of field problems.
• Weighted Residual Methods : Point collection, Sub-domain collocation, methods of least square, Galerkin.
• Applications ofthese methods to one dimensional boundry value problems; Structures, fluid mechanics and heat transfer.

5. Finite Elements in Dynamics and Vibrations : Introduction, Dynamic Equations, Mass and Damping Matrices, Mass Matrices, Consistent and Diagonal, Damping, Natural Frequencies and Mode Shapes.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Introduction to Finite Elements in Engineering, Tirupathi R. Chandrapatla and Ashok D. belegundu, Prentice Hall of India, Ltd.
2. Concepts and applications of Finite Element Analysis, Robert D. Cook, David S. Malkus, Michaiel E. Palesha, John Wiley & Sons.
3. Finite Element Procedures, Klaus Jurgan Bathe, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.

7ME6.3 TRIBOLOGY (Elective)
3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Concept of continuum, laws of fluid motion, Naiver stokes equations of motion, Dimensional Consideration, Non-dimensional Consideration, Non-dimensional number, exact solutions of Navier stokes equations; approximation of creeping flows, problem in lubrication, Introduction to boundary layers, transmission and turbulence.

2. Meaning of Tribology – Theory and practice of lubrication; dry friction an or boundary lubrication.

3. Incompressible Fluid films hydrodynamic lubrication, radial and axial infinite and finite, circular and non-circular steady state and dynamically loaded bearings : bearing materials, hydrostatic lubrication.

4. Lubricants their properties and testing.

5. Lubrication problems connected with certain extreme environmental conditions such as pressure, temperature and vaccum; lubrication practice.

6. Compressible fluid film – Gas and aerodynamic lubrication.

7. Elasto hydrodynamic lubrication (lubrication of rolling contacts).

List Recommended Books :
1. Oil hydraulic systems (Principles and maintenance), Majumdar, S.R., TMH.
2. Fundamental of Fluid film lubrication, Bernard Ham rock, McGraw Hill International Edition.
3. Theory & Practice of lubrication for Engineers, Fuller Wiley Inter-science.
4. Lubrication and their applications, UROTRIB-81 Vol.-III, Elsevier Scientific Pub. Company.
5. Industrial lubricants, greaser & related products, Small Business Publication, New Delhi.
6. Standard Hand Book on lubrication Engineering, O Conner & Boy, McGraw Hill.

3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Sun and it’s Energy : Solar spectrum, solar constant & solar radiations, Sun earth angles, solr hourly radiations, Radiations on Horizontal and inclined surfaces.

2. Measurement of Solar Radiation : Pyrheliometer, Pyranometer, Sunshine, Recorder.

3. Collection of Solar Energy : Flat plate collectors, classification, construction, heat transfer coefficients, optimisation of heat losses, Analysis of flat plate collectors, testing of collectors.

4. Solar Air Heater : Description & classification, conventional air heater, air heater above thecollector surface air heaters with flow on both sides of absorbers to pan air heater, air heater with finned absorbers, porous absorber.

5. Solar Water heater : Collection cum storage water heater, Natural circulation & forced circulation water heater, shallow solar ponds.

6. Solar Concentrators : Classification, characteristic parameters, types of concentrators materials in concentrators.

7. Passive Solar House : Thermal gain, Thermal cooling, Ventilation.

8. Energy Storage : Sensible heat storage, Liquid, Solid, packed bed, Latent heat storage. Solar Distillation, Solar Cookers, Solar Refrigeration.

List of Recommended Books :

1. Solar Thermal engineering Systems, G.N. Tiwari, Sayesta Suneja, Narosa Publishing House.
2. Solar Engineering, H.P. Gupta.
3. Solar Thermal Engineering, Duffie & Backuran.

7ME6.5 MECHATRONICS (Elective)
3L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Definitions of mechatronics, the mechatronics design process, introduction to mechatronics systems and components, Principles of basic electronics Microprocessors and their applications, integrated circuits, sensors, actuators and other electrical/electronic hardware in mechatronic systems, Principles of electronic/system communication, Interfacing, DA and AD converters, software and hardware principles and tools to build mechatronic systems, System models.

Selection of mechatronic elements namely sensors like encodes and resolves, stepper and servomotors, ball screws, solenoids, like actuators and controllers with applications to CNC systems, robotics, consumer, electronic product etc. Business drivers to mechatronics, organizational structure for mechatronics, implementing a mechatronic design process.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Mechatronics Engineering, Tomkinson, D. and Horne, J. McGraw Hill, 1996.
2. Mechatronics, Bolton, W., Longman, 1995.
3. Mechatronics, HMT HandBook, 1998.
4. Understanding Electro-Mechanical Engineering, Kamm, L.J., IEEE Press, New Yorki, 2000.

3 Periods MM : 100

1. a) To study CNC – Lathe machine, Tool holders and practice on the manual control.
b) To prepare the program for the job shown in drawing run the programme and plot it.
c) To prepare a program for job given in drawing,

2. a) To study the capstan lathe, tool holders and attachments.
b) To prepare the given job as drawing.
c) To prepare a process chart and flow diagram for the above job.

3. To prepare part program for the given drawing for Spectra Mill and verify it.
4. Design a Die & Punch set for Blanking & Punching equation for the given job in drawing and prepare the job.
5. To measure finances and surface defects in the given test piece with the help of monochromatic check light and optical flat.
6. To plot the composite errors of the given set of the gears using composite gear tester.
7. To measure and temperature at the tool point using tool chip thermocouple technique.

Industrial Engineering :
8. Given a set of marble balls of different colours – verify the binomial distribution of the number of defective balls by treating the balls with a red colour to be defective. Plot a p-chart by taking a sample of n=20 and establish control limits.
9. Find the distribution of the numbered card board chips by random drawing one at a time with replacement make 25 subgroups of size 5 and 10 and find the type of distribution of average in each case, comment on your observations.
10. To prepare man machine chart for drilling two holes in a plate 10mm thick on a radial drilling m/c.
11. To draw two hand process chart for bulb holder assembly and to suggest a satisfactory layout.
12. To find out standard time for the above assembly.
13. Plot the operating characteristics curve for a single sampling attribute plan for n=20, c=0,1,2,3,4,5 compare the actual curve with theoretical o.c. curve using approximation for the nature of distribution, Designate the red balls to be defective.

3 Periods MM : 75

List of Experiments

1. To perform shaft alignment test using reverse indicator method on “Fast Align”.
2. Study of a vapour absorption refrigeration system (Electro lux refrigerator).
3. To perform experiment on two stage air compressor.
4. To determine actual and theoretical C.O.P. of their heat pump set up.
5. To perform load test and hydraulic trainer.
6. To study various refrigeration accessories equipments.
7. a) To measure solar radiation using Pyranometer.
b) To trace the sun path sunshine recorder.
8. Test on air-conditioner performance test.
9. Three ton air-conditioner performance test.
10. Test on spray type evaporative cooler.
11. Energy analysis of parallel and counter flow heat exchanger.
12. To draw time response curves for combination of P.I. & D control.

2 Periods MM : 75

(A) AutoCAD /AutoISP
1. To make component drawing.
2. To make on assembly drawing.
3. To make sectioned views using layers.
4. To develop surface/solid objects.
5. To develop a “Pentagon”/Polygon” menu using AutoLISP.
6. To develop menus for nut and bolt using AutoLISP.

(B) MAT Lab
1. To develop programs for two modules of a finite elements method.
2. To program for implementation of Engg. Applications like signal processing;/image processing etc. (using tool boxes.).

(C ) SAP
1. An exposure to solve a structure (Beam) problem using SAP 2000.

(D) Modelling of a manufacturing system using simulation.
1. Introduction to simulation using ARENA.
2. Building the model using ARENA.

4L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Introduction : Introduction to generation of electrical power, Sources of energy, comparative merits, types of power plants, Review of growth of power & development of different types of power plants in India, future possibilities.

(A) Steam Power Plants :

1. Layout and site selection for steam power plants.

2. Steam Generation : High pressure and supercritical boilers; circulation of water in high pressure boilers; natural and forced circulation; Advantages and disadvantages; water walls; directly & indirectly heated boilers; Lamont, benson, Loeffler, Velox boilers, Draught System, Losses in air gas loop system and its measurement; natural forced, induced and balanced draught.

3. Fuel Storage and handling : Coal handling for thermal power plants; coat feeding and burning methods; pulverised fuel firing & FBC. Ash handling and Dust Collection : Ash handling systems; Dust collection, Disposal of ash and dust.

4. Cooling Towers :Necessity of cooling condenser water; water cooling methods; types of cooling towers, hyperbolic, atmospheric, induced draft & forced draft cooling towers; indirect and direct dry type cooling systems water distribution in cooling towers.

(B) Diesel and Gas Turbine Power Plants : General Layout; Elements of diesel power plants; fields of use; systems of diesel power plant; comparison with steam power plants (advantages & disadvantages).General layout of gas turbine plants; plant components; different arrangements for plant components; governing system, combined gas and steam power plants; Advantage of combined cycle, advantage and disadvantage over diesel and steam plants, Introduction to integrated coal gasification combined cycle power plants.

(C) Nuclear Power Plants : Elementary concept of physics of generation of nuclear energy, Nuclear materials and waste disposal; nuclear fuels, fuel cycles, coolants, moderating and reflecting materials; cladding materials, shielding materials : Disposal of nuclear waste : General Components of nuclear reactor, different types of nuclear reactors, Their construction and working, location of nuclear power plants; comparison of nuclear plants with thermal plants. Enrichment; safety and control, Fast breeder reactors and power plants.

(D) Hydro Electric Power plant : Classification and applications of Hydro-electric plant; measurement of strength flow, capacity calculation of hydro power, The hydro plant and its auxiliaries, automatic and remote control of hydro – systems.

(E) Power plant Economics : Load curves; different terms and definitions; cost of electrical energy; selection of type of generation; performance and operating characteristics of power plants; load division combined operation of power plants; load division between stations, different systems of tariff.

(F) Renewable Energy Resources : Introduction to solar energy and its utilization, solar thermal conversion and pholovolatic conversion, solar cells, thermo-electric and thermionic devices, fuel cells, MHD, geothermal, tidal & wind power plants.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Power Plant Technology, M.M. E;-Wakil, McGraw Hill Book Company.
2. A course in Power Plant Engineering, Arora and Domkunwar Dhanpat Rai and Co., (P) Ltd.
3. Power plant Engineering, Black & Veatch, CBS Publication.

4L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Definition of Product Design, Design by Evolution, Design by Innovation, Essential factors of product design, Production – Consumption, Cycle, flow and value addition in the production consumption cycle, The Morphology of design, primary design phases and flow charting, Roll of allowance, Process Capability, and Tolerance in Detailed Design and assembly.

Product Strategies, Time to Market, Analysis of the Product, Three S.S. Standardization, reinnant Series (Preferred Numbers), Simplification, The Designer and His Role, The Designer; Myth and Reality, the industrial Design Organization, basic Design considerations, problems faced by Industrial Designer, Procedure adopted by Industrial Designers, Role of aesthetics in Product Design, Functional Design Practice.

Balanced Design, Criteria and Objectives of Design, Revision of Strength, Fatigue Criteria etc. Designing for uniform Strength, practical ideas for material saving in design, Ribs, corrugations, Laminates and membranes, Analogies for Stress analysis. Experimental Design-Experimental Stress Analysis Methods like Brittle Coating, Strain Gages and Photo elasticity, Introduction to optimum design.

Producibility requirements in the Design of machine components, forging design, pressed components design, casting design for machining ease of location and clamping some additional aspects of production Design, Design for assembly aesthetic etc. Die Casting and Special Castings, Design of Powder metallurgical parts. Expanded metals and wire forms, Approach to Design with plastic, Design for mass and job production significance of tolerancing in mass production, Design of clearance/interference fit joints, Design for packing.

Product value, Design for safety for reliability and environmental considerations, manufacturing operations in relation to design Economic Analysis, Profit and Competitiveness, break –even analysis, Economics of a new product design.

Human factors in engineering design, Ergonomics, Anthropometry, The design of controls, the Design of Displays, Man/Machine Information Exchange, Design of work environment illumination, atmospheric conditions, noise, etc. Historical perspective, what is value, Nature and Measurement of value, maximum value, normal degree of value, Importance of value, the value Analysis job plan, Creativity.

Role of Computer in Product Design, Manufacturing and Management, Legal issues in Product design.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Product Design and Manufacturing, Chital A.K. and Gupta RC, PHI.
2. Product Design and Manufacturing, Ulrich Ktand Eppinger SD McGraw Hill.
3. Product Design and Manufacturing, Lindbeck J.R., Prentice Hall.
4. Engineering Design Method, Cross, Nigel, john Wiley & Sons.
5. Design for Strength & Production : C.Ritz and F. Koenigsbenger.
6. Human Factors in Engineering and Design : Mark S. Sanders, Ernest J. M. Cormick.
7. Engineering Design, G.E. Deitler.

4L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. N.C. System : Definition, applications, Historical background Role of Computers in Manufacturing.
Numerical control in CAM: Definition, Historical background, basic components of NC system, fundamentals of NC : Procedure, Co-ordinate system, motion control systems, Advantages of NC system; Features of NC Machine tools, Application of NC systems, Economics of NC machining centers.

2. Part Programming : Numerical control part programming : punched tape, tape coding & format, manual part programming, computer aided part programming, NC part programming languages, Automatically programmed, tools programming (APT), Description of compact & NC programming with interactive graphics.

3. Computer Numerical Control : Principle of operation of CNC, Features of CNC, Development in CNC systems, Adaptive Control, Direct Numerical Control (DNC) Standard Communication interfaces, Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) Communication networks, Trends *New development in NC.

4. Robot Technology : Introduction, Industrial Robots, Robot physical Configuration, Basic Robot motions, Technical features, such as work volume, precision of movement speed o movement, weight carrying capacity, type of drive systems, Programming of the robot, Introduction to robot languages, End erectors, work cell control and interlocks, Robotic sensors, Robot applications & economics, Intelligent robots, interfacing of a vision system with a Robot.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Automation, Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing by M.P. Grover, PHI.
2. Principal of Computer integrated manufacturing by S.Kant Vajpayee.
3. Numerical control and computer aided manufacturing, Kundra, Rao & Tiwari, TMH.

4L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Operations Management : An overview – Systems Concepts in Operations Management, Objectives in Operations Management, Operations Management Decisions, Productivity concepts and measurements, Types of Production Systems.

2. Forecasting Demand : Forecasting Objectives and uses, Qualitative & Quantitative methods of forecasting, Opinion and Judgmental Methods Time Series Methods, Exponential Smoothing, Regression and Correlation Methods, Time Series analysis, Application and Control of Forecasts.

3. Capacity Planning : Capacity Strategy, aspects of Capacity Planning, Determination of Capacity Requirement, Types of capacity, Evaluation of Alternative plant size, Traditional Economic Analysis, Cost-Volume Profit Analysis.

4. Aggregate Planning and Master Scheduling : Objectives of aggregate planning, aggregate planning methods, Master Scheduling, Objectives, Master scheduling Methods.

5. Materials Management : Scope of materials management, purchase system and procedure, purpose of inventories, classification of inventory, factors effecting inventory, inventory modelling, deterministic inventory models, probabilistic models, inventory systems classification, selective inventory control, stores management, standardization codification and variety reduction. Material and Capacity requirements planning overview, MRP and CRP, MRP underlying concepts, System parameters, MRP Logic, CRP Activities.

6. Scheduling and controlling Production Activities : Introduction, PAC objectives and Date requirements, Scheduling Strategy and Guidelines, Scheduling Methodology, Priority Control, Capacity Control.

7. Just in Time (JIT) in manufacturing planning & control, Major, elements, Characteristics of just in time system, pre-requisite for JIT manufacturing, Elements of Manufacturing, Eliminating Waste, Enforced, Problem Solving and Continuous Improvements, Benefits of JIT manufacturing, JIT purchasing, The Kanban System JIT implementation in Industries, Bottleneck scheduling and theory of constraints.

8. Issues in choosing manufacturing technologies and strategies : Product life cycle, standardization, simplification, diversification, value analysis.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Production and Operations Management, Adam Everett E. & Ebert Ronald J., PHI.
2. Production & Operation Management, S.N. Charry, TMH.
3. Manufacturing Planning and Control Systems : Berry W.L. Whybark D.C. & Vollman T.E. Galgotia Publication Pvt. Ltd.
4. Operations Management : Theory and problems Monk J.G. McGraw Hill.
5. Production Systems, Riggs, J.L. Wiley Eastern.

4L + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

Introduction : Classification of modern machining processes; considerations in process selection.

Mechanical metal Removal Process : Ultrasonic machining; elements of the process; mechanics of metal removal; tool design, economics, consideration, applications and limitation.

Abrasive and Water jet machining : Basic principals, mechanics of metal removal, variables governing the process, design of nozzles, applications.

Electro-Chemical Processes : Fundamentals of the ECM & ECG Techniques, mechanism of metal removal, design of tooling, choice of process parameters, surface finish and accuracy; economic aspects of ECM; other electro-chemical processes e.g. electro-chemical deburring and homing.

Thermal metal Removal Processes : Classification, general principles and applications of ECM,EBM and LBM, power circuits of ECM, Mechanism of metal removal in EDM, Selection of tool electrode and dielectric; machining accuracy and surface finish in EDM Process parameters.

Generation and control of EM for machining : Applications, advantages and limitations.

Application of plasma to machining problems, metal removal mechanism important process parameters, quality to machining problems, metal removal mechanism important process parameters, quality of cut and metallurgical effects; other applications of plasma in manufacturing industries.

Apparatus for laser beam machining, thermal features, outing speeds and accuracy of cut, applications and limitations.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Non-Traditional machining methods, ASTME.
2. Ultrasonic Cutting Romenberg, Consultants Bureaue, N.Y.
3. Electro Spark Machining of Metals Vol.2, Lazarenko, Consultants, Bureaue, N.Y.
4. Electro-chemical machining, De Bar, Macdonald.
5. Manufacturing Scheme, Ghosh, A. and Mallik, A.K. affiliated East West Press.
6. Modern Machining Process, P.C. Pandey, H.S. Shah, TMH.

K + 0T MM : 100 Ex. Hrs. 3

1. Ethics & Morality : Meaning, Nature & Scope of Ethical Value system, ethical values and professional obligations, Technology & Human Values Emergence of utilitarian ethics – Benthan and Mull, Sanctions of Morality, Rightous thinking, trends & forces of evolutionary thics – Drawin’s theory of natural selection.

2. Organization Behaviour & Engg. Ethics : Ethical issues forced by Manufacturing and service organization, congruency between corporate objectives and industrial goals, safety engineering.

3. Psychological Ethics & Ethical Behaviour : Human side of Engineering : Elements of general psychology – heredity &environment, Emotion & Modulation Perception, Learning etc. Basis of Human behaviour, job related issues, job performance & interviews, loading monitoring & supervising.

4. Ethics & Quality Issues : Quality Principles and practices, Role of Quality stands and marketing demands, intellectual property rights, Patent Acts.

5. Communication & Ethics : Using Communication Media for Vocational purposes, Communicative Principles, methods of modulation & demodulation, Neuro 0 linguistic Programming (NLP) Simulation & Role Playing, Bychological Barriers to communication. Basic structure of Value Theory, Theory of Normativity in Human action & communication media.

6. Leadership : Meaning of Leadership, theories of leadership, Behavioural theories, Situational theories, Patti Goal theory of leadership, team building.

7. Leadership Decision Making : Leadership decision theory, values & alternatives, Decision making models, integrated leadership model.

8. Leadership styles :Motivational style, power-style, Orientation style, Leadership model Fielder’s contingency model Likert’s system of leadership, ethical and environmental management & society, Value system & Philosophy.

9. Group Dynamics : Concept & Features of Group Dynamics, stages of group development, group behaviour, group cohesion, group decision making, case studies of personality making case studies of personality and group dynamics, current developments.

List of Recommended Books :
1. Essentials of Management, Massie, Joseph, Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 1994.
2. The Power of Ethical Management, BhanchandKenneth, Bestellors, 1988.
3. The Problems of Philosophy, Russeil, Betrand, 1986.
4. Effective Decision Making, Adair, John, Rupas & Co., 1998.
5. Life Skills & Leadership for Engineers, Colberg, David E. Tata McGraw Hill, 1997.

3 Periods MM : 100

Sessional Assignment on :
1. Stress Analysis – Analytical /Theoretical.
2. Stress Analysis – Experimental / Analogies.
3. Designing for Uniform Strength.
4. Design for rigidity and material saving – Ribs etc.
5. Problems on optimum design.
6. Design for Production : Standardization, preferred numbers.
7. Design of different fit joints : clearance / Transition / Interference.
8. Human factors in engineering design, Design of work environment.
9. Computer / Software in Production Design and Development.
10. Project on Product Design and product development, value analysis.

3 Periods MM : 100

List of Practicals :
1. Program a Computer programme for the FEATURE RECOGNITION of an Axis symmetric component, using “C” language.
2. Prepare a computer programme of FEATURE RECOGNITION of a Prismatic component using “C” language.
3. Prepare a CODE GENERATION PROGRAMME using Hybrid coding structure (minimum six digits) for a group of similar mechanical components to facilitate part, Family formation using group technology.
4. Study of CNC MILL and various package available and prepare a Part programming using GM codes for a given part drawing and verify it on computer.
5. Write a program for a given part drawing (same as given or CNC MILL) using “APT” language.
6. Study the ROBOT, its various packages and program the robot using teach pendent and any robot programming language and verify it by actuating the robot.
7. Introduction to M/C VISION SYSTEM.
8. Study CNC Lathe and write a part programming for given part drawing.
9. Prepare a small COMPUTER AIDED PROCESS PLAN (CAPP) for the simple components, keeping in mind the facilities available in our lab.
10. Problems on Group Technology & Scheduling.
11. Make the Drawing using AutoCAD (Assembly drawing using layers concept).
12. Prepare the technical notes of AGV, CAQC & ASRS.
13. Lab, Project Term Paper (one among two students).

* * *


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