Metronidazole and its uses
Dr Sachine (Eye Retina Surgeon)
In the article, read about what is Metronidazole and its uses. Also know whether metronidazole and hydroxymetronidazole gets secreted in breast milk?
Metronidazole is a drug from imidazole group.
Uses of Metronidazole
Metronidazole is used in
1. Anaerobic infections
2. Protozoal infections - Amoebiasis
3. Vaginitis due to Trichomonas
4. The post-natal period for the treatment and prophylaxis of infection following Caesarian section
5. Post-partum haemorrhage and other complications of childbirth in which infection is a possible hazard.
6. Dental infections
7. Mouth ulcer
8. Abdominal infections
Topical metronidazole for acne rosacea and mouth ulcers. Its available as metronidazole gel and Metronidazole DS gel.
Other drugs in this group
Whether metronidazole and hydroxymetronidazole gets secreted in breast milk?
The risk to the infant due to the mutagenic activity of the drug was a cause of concern. But metronidazole therapy for breast-feeding mothers is now proven to be safe.
Metronidazole gets excreted in milk at concentrations which causes no serious reactions in the infants. So the drug may be administered at doses of 400 mg three times daily to breast-feeding mothers. Studies have proven that there was no significant increase in adverse effects in infants which could be due to maternal metronidazole therapy.
Side effects of metronidazole
1. Metallic taste – This is a very annoying side effect
Brand names with which metronidazole is available?
It is available in tablet and intravenous drug form.
Interaction with alcohol
This is really interesting. If a patient on metronidazole consumes alcohol, a disulfiram-like reaction is seen. What is this? Patient gets -
1. Increased heart rate
2. Gastrointestinal disturbances in the form of nausea, vomiting
3. Difficulty in breathing
How to avoid disulfiram-like reaction?
Avoid consuming alcohol when on metronidazole and within 2 days after completing Rx.
Did you like this resource? Share it with your friends and show your love!
Responses to "Metronidazole and its uses"
No responses found. Be the first to respond...
Notify me by email when others post comments to this article.
Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic.
No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed.
This is a strictly moderated site. Absolutely no spam allowed.
to fill automatically.
(Will not be published, but
to validate comment)
Type the numbers and letters shown on the left.
Subscribe to Email
Get Jobs by Email
Forum posts by Email
Articles by Email
Awards & Gifts
Last 7 Days
Vijay Kumar Vishwakarma
ISC Technologies, Kochi - India. © All Rights Reserved.