Achievements in the Field of Education Sector




• Literacy Rate has been improved from 16.67% in 1951 to 63.60% in 2004-05.

• Percentage of Girls Enrolment to Total Enrolment has been increased from 28.1% to 46.7% at Primary level (I-V), 16.1% to 44.4% at Upper Primary level (VI-VIII), 13.3% to 41.5% at Sec. / Sr. Sec./ Intermediate (IX-XII) and 10% to 39.4% at Higher Education (Degree and above) level from 1950-51 to 2004-05.

• Drop-out Rates has been decreased from 64.9% to 29% at Primary level (I-V) and 78.3% to 50.84% at Elementary (I-VIII) Stages from 1960-61 to 2004-05.

• With the vigorous implementation of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and the cooked Mid Day Meal (MDM Scheme), the number of out of school children has come down to less than 5% of the total population in the age group of 6 to 14 years i.e. from 4.4 crores in 2001-02 to 70 lakhs in 2006.

• Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Scheme, under which 1000 new schools have been approved in the year 2006, besides the 1180 approved earlier, provides residential education to girls predominantly belonging to the SC, ST, OBC and minority communities.

• In the field of adult education and literacy, out of 600 districts in the country 597 have since been covered under various programmes – 101 under total literacy campaigns, 171 under post literacy programme and 325 under continuing education programme. About 120.39 million persons have been covered under literacy programmes as on 31.3.2006. About 60% of the beneficiaries are women while 22% and 12% belong to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes respectively.

• Kendriya Vidyalayas (KVs), and Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs) have been recognized as setting the standards for the secondary education in the country. 50 new KVs and 28 new JNVs have been approved in 2006-07, in addition to the 919 existing KVs and 539 JNVs.

• 23 Central Universities have been established so far including four new Central Universities created during 2006 through Acts of Parliament.. Now all States in the North East have one Central University each.

• The seven IITs and six IIMs have served the country extremely well and have done us proud. It is now proposed to establish 3 new IITs in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Rajasthan. It has also been decided to establish a 7th IIM at Shillong in the North East. Two new Schools of Planning and Architecture are also proposed to be started at Vijayawada and Bhopal. In addition to the existing Indian Institute of Information Technology at Gwalior, Allahabad and Jabalpur under the Government of India, a new IIIT (Design and Manufacturing) has been approved to be established at Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu. Proposals have been submitted to the Planning Commission for starting 20 new IIITs so as to cover each major State. Planning Commission has suggested that these could be considered under the Public-Private Participation mode.

• Two Indian Institutes of Scientific Education and Research (IISERs) have been set up at Kolkata and Pune. A third IISER is being set up at Mohali (Punjab) and two more have been proposed at Bhopal and Thiruvanathapuram. It is hoped that over a period of time, IISERs will attain the eminence of IISc, Bangalore and put India in the forefront of scientific research in the world.

• Erstwhile Regional Engineering Colleges/Government Engineering Colleges have been converted into National Institutes of Technology (NITs) with changes in their governance structure. There are 20 NITs at present. In order to bring all of them under umbrella legislation, the NIT Bill had been introduced in Parliament.

• Access to education is of utmost importance for educational advancement of disadvantaged sections. The Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act has, therefore, been enacted and has been notified in January, 2007 in pursuance of the 93rd Amendment to the Constitution of India, to provide statutory reservations to SCs, STs and OBCs in Central Educational Institutions. The Hon’ble Supreme Court has in its interim order stated that it would be desirable to keep in hold the operation of this Act so far as it relates to Section 6 thereof for the OBCs. The Government is examining all legal options to resolve this issue at the earliest.

• “Sakshat,” a free one-stop portal for education has been launched by His Excellency, the President of India in October 2006, to address education and learning needs of students, scholars, teachers and lifelong learners.

• Access to education through the Open and Distance Learning system is expanding rapidly. The Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) now has a cumulative enrollment of about 15 lakh.

• A statutory National Commission on Minority Educational Institutions has been established, which is also empowered to adjudicate on complaints relating to denial of minority status to educational institutions.

• A Committee headed by Shri M.A.A. Fatmi, Union Minister of State in the Ministry of HRD has given its recommendations for giving a boost to Minority Education in the light of the Sachar Committee Report. These recommendations are under consideration.


Related Articles

How Education Related To The Development Of Our Country

The education has a great important in our country. India was contributed ‘Gurukul’ system to the world. Education is an important factor for the overall development of a country. There are various prestigious institutions in our country for providing quality education. The talented and skilled brains should be utilized in our country itself. Certain problems are existing in our educational system. Education is always a strong power for the development and growth of our country.

Quality of Education in private technical institutes of India

In this article I have given a brief description about education in a private college. There are numerous points to be seen in private college out of which I have stressed upon some. Also I have given some points to be noted before joining a private college.

New Zealand A Perfect Place For Higher Studies

New Zealand is combination of a perfect country, metropolitan cities, serene towns and Educational Institutions. Most colleges there offering Higher Education are well known all over the world. It is the goal of the New Zealand Government to make all colleges there at par with International quality learning institutions.In this resource I will review New Zealand as a place for higher studies and as a country in general.

Can privatization of education system and Right to Education Act go together?

Recently, there was news that government is planning to privatize the complete educational system. But, the question arises that will this new scheme really be effective? Does the scheme have the capabilities to implement the Act of Right to Education for every child less than 14 years? This article explains about the pros and cons of privatizing the education system and its effect on the Right to Education Act.

Right of children to free and compulsory education act 2009

This article includes the salient feature of Right of children to free and compulsory education act 2009. I have discussed some of the important points of RTE act for quick reference. This article will immensely help all teachers, students and parents of India.

More articles: Education

Comments

No responses found. Be the first to comment...


  • Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic.
  • No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed.
  • This is a strictly moderated site. Absolutely no spam allowed.
  • Name:
    Email: