JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
II Year B.Tech. Ch.E. I Sem T P C
4+1* 0 4
UNIT - I
Multidisciplinary nature of Environmental Studies: Definition, Scope and Importance – Need for Public
UNIT – II
Natural Resources : Renewable and non-renewable resources – Natural resources and associated
problems – Forest resources – Use and over – exploitation, deforestation, case studies – Timber extraction
– Mining, dams and other effects on forest and tribal people – Water resources – Use and over utilization of
surface and ground water – Floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams – benefits and problems - Mineral
resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case
studies. - Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of
modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies. - Energy resources:
Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources use of alternate energy sources.
Case studies. Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion
and desertification. Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources. Equitable use of resources for
UNIT – III
Ecosystems: Concept of an ecosystem. - Structure and function of an ecosystem. - Producers, consumers
and decomposers. - Energy flow in the ecosystem - Ecological succession. - Food chains, food webs and
ecological pyramids. - Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the following
a. Forest ecosystem
b. Grassland ecosystem
c. Desert ecosystem
d. Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)
UNIT – IV
Biodiversity and its conservation: Introduction - Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity. -
Bio-geographical classification of India - Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social,
ethical, aesthetic and option values - . Biodiversity at global, National and local levels. - . India as a megadiversity
nation - Hot-sports of biodiversity - Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, manwildlife
conflicts. - Endangered and endemic species of India - Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Exsitu
conservation of biodiversity.
UNIT – V
Environmental Pollution: Definition, Cause, effects and control measures of :
a. Air pollution
b. Water pollution
c. Soil pollution
d. Marine pollution
e. Noise pollution
f. Thermal pollution
g. Nuclear hazards
Solid waste Management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes. - Role of
an individual in prevention of pollution. - Pollution case studies. - Disaster management: floods, earthquake,
cyclone and landslides.
UNIT – VI
Social Issues and the Environment: From Unsustainable to Sustainable development -Urban problems
related to energy -Water conservation, rain water harvesting, and watershed management -Resettlement
and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns. Case Studies -Environmental ethics: Issues and
possible solutions. -Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and
holocaust. Case Studies. -Wasteland reclamation. –Consumerism and waste products. -Environment
Protection Act. -Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. -Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act
-Wildlife Protection Act -Forest Conservation Act -Issues involved in enforcement of environmental
legislation. -Public awareness.
UNIT – VII
Human Population and the Environment: Population growth, variation among nations. Population
explosion - Family Welfare Programme. -Environment and human health. -Human Rights. -Value Education.
-HIV/AIDS. -Women and Child Welfare. - Role of information Technology in Environment and human health.
UNIT – VIII
Field work : Visit to a local area to document environmental assets River /forest grassland/hill/mountain -
Visit to a local polluted site-Urban/Rural/industrial/ Agricultural Study of common plants, insects, birds. -
Study of simple eco systems pond, river, hill slopes, etc.
1 Textbook of Environmental Studies for Undergraduate Courses by Erach Bharucha for University
2 Environmental Studies by R. Rajagopalan, Oxford University Press.
1 Textbook of Environmental Sciences and Technology by M. Anji Reddy, BS Publication.