Problems of Urbanization
Urbanization means the concentration of population in the big cities of a country. These big cities causing serious problems even in the very advanced countries of the world. The big cities are full of congestion and environmental pollution. The modern cities are growing in a very unsystematic manner due to fast industrialization. In reality, the concentration of industries also cause, the problems of urbanization.
The population of big cities is always on the increase, because the villagers migrate in large numbers to the cities in search of employment. In the villages there are not many opportunities to get work due to lack of industries. The people of villages also come to the cities in search of higher standard of living and better living conditions. The cities are more glamorous. They provide many sided entertainment through the clubs, cinema houses, television, hotels etc, where as villages lack all such facilities.
But on the other hand, due to over population the cities become the centres of all the vices and crimes. In the big cities of USA many organised criminal gangs has come into exitence. In certain big cities of Europe and US people don't come out in night due to the fear of these criminals. Thus big cities create many social and criminal problems.
In the big cities there is also the serious problem of housing. The authorities are always failing in their efforts to meet the housing demands of the people. The shortage of houses leads to over crowding, insanitary conditions and it result in slums. The huge population of cities also leads to many transport problems like traffic jams, accidents, etc. The inhabitants of the cities also become very self-seeking and self-centered. They lack social feeling and sympathy for others.
Over population and over crowding in cities always create so many problems for the Municipal authorities such as water shortage, electricity breakdowns etc. In certain big cities water is not available all the 24 hrs. Sometimes the water gets contaminated. It is also a problem to keep the streets, roads, etc properly cleaned. The high sky scrapers which are constructed in the big cities cause many problems. If by chance, a fire breaks out in these multi-story buildings, it is not easy to extinguish it.
It is also not easy to get anything pure in the big cities. Everything is either impure or adulterated because of larger demands and lesser supplies. One cannot get pure food, milk and even drinking water in the big cities. Everything available here is adulterated, which leads to many diseases among the urban people. Thus we see that the city people don't posses good health. Again the big cities are also very costly and the standard of living is very high there.
Instead of following the ideals of simple living and high thinking the people in big cities follow the ideal of high living and simple thinking. The urban people lead a very fast and busy life so as to maintain their high standard of living. They lead a very expensive and artificial life. On the other hand the people of the villages lead a natural life.
of course, there are certain merits of city life also. The urban people do not believe in superstitions. They work hard to lead a higher standard of living. There is no doubt that most of the achievements of the modern world like the scientific and technological inventions and discoveries, all have been made in the cities. There are many means of the entertainment in the cities. Even the best hospitals, schools, colleges and universities are located in the cities.
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Problems of Urbanization
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N K Ravishankara
ISC Technologies, Kochi - India. Copyright © All Rights Reserved.