CHALLENGES TO DEMOCRACY
Thinking about challenges
It is learnt that democracy is dominant form of government in contemporary world. It does not face serious challenge or rival but still it faces many challenges. Challenge can be described as difficulty that carries within it an opportunity for progress. After achieving one challenge, we go up to a higher level. One fourth of the globe is not governed by democratic government. These countries faces the foundational challenge of shifting to democracy and then instituting democratic government. It involves bringing down the existing non-democratic regime, keeping military away from controlling government and establishing a sovereign and functional state.
Secondly, most established democracies face the challenge of expansion and it involves applying the basic principle of democratic government across all the regions, different social groups and various institutions. It helps in ensuring powers to local governments, extension of federal principal to all the units of the federation inclusion of women, minority group etc.
The third challenge is faced by every democracy in one form or another and it is of deepening of democracy. It involves strengthening of the institutions and practices of democracy. It means strengthening those institutions that helps people’s participation and control. It requires an attempt to bring down the control and influence of the rich and powerful people in making a governmental decision.
Thinking about Political Reforms
All these challenges to democracy are linked to the possibility of political reforms. All suggestions or proposals about over coming
Various challenges to democracy reform or political reform. There are few guidelines that can be kept in mind while devising ways and means for political reforms in India. They are as follows:
1. Laws plays important role in political reforms as carefully devised change in law discourages wrong political practices ad encouraged good ones. It is learnt that only legal constitutional changes by themselves cannot overcome challenges to democracy but can reduce wrong political practices. These political reforms are to be carried out mainly by political activists, parties, movements and politically conscious citizens.
2. Laws that give political actors incentives to do good things works in favor of democracy. On contrary, laws that seek to ban something are not very successful in politics. The best possible laws are those which empower people laws are those which empower people to carry out democratic reforms. For example: - Right to Information Act empowers the people to act as watch dogs of democracy.
3. The main focus of political reforms should be on the ways to strengthen democratic practice. It should be aimed to increase and improve the quality of political participation by ordinary citizen.
4. Political reforms should deliver a positive solution as well the means and procedures of implementing it. It should not go against the interest of any political party or MP but works on measures that rely on democratic movements, citizens’ organizations, and media.
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CHALLENGES TO DEMOCRACY
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Vijay Kumar Vishwakarma
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