RAYALASEEMA UNIVERSITY - M.Phil., / Ph.D - EDUCATION - Research Methodology

M.Phil., / Ph.D., Written Examination Syllabus
Paper –I Research Methodology and Educational Statistics
UNIT 1: Educational Research
 I .Meaning, aims, nature and scope of educational research
 II. Characteristics and prerequisites of educational research
 III. Types of educational research
 IV. Research needs in different subjects
UNIT 2: Research Problem
 Meaning of research problem
 Sources of research problem
 Criteria / Characteristics of a good research problem
 Errors in selecting a research problem
UNIT 3: Methods of Educational Research
 Qualitative research - Phenomenological studies, Ethnographical studies, Case Studies,
Historical studies, Philosophical studies
 Quantitative research- Experimental research, Quasi-experimental research,
 Action research
UNIT 4: Developing a Research Proposal
 Format of research Proposal
 Individual Research Proposal
 Institution proposal
UNIT 5: Hypothesis
 Types of hypothesis
UNIT 6: Sampling
 Sampling and Population
 Techniques of sampling Selection
 Characteristics of a good sample
 Sampling Errors and how to reduce them.
UNIT 7: Tools and techniques of data collection
 Check lists
 Data Schedule
 Sociometric techniques
 Rating scales
 Attitude scales
 Interview Schedules
 Reliability and validity of various tools and techniques
UNIT 8: Research Report
 Format of the research report
 Style of Writing the report
 References and bibliography
UNIT 9: Evaluation of Research Report
 Criteria of evaluation
UNIT 10: Descriptive Statistics
 Tabulation, Organization, and Graphical Representation of Quantitative data
 Measures of Central Tendencies : Mean, Median, Mode
 Measures of Variability; Range, Q,D., S.D., A.D., and Coefficient of Variation.
 Measures of Relative Position – Percentiles Ranks; Standard Scores, Stanine Scores, T
 Normal Probability Distribution , Properties of normal probability curve, Applications of
normality, Divergence from Normality : Skewness and Kurtosis
UNIT 11: Correlation Techniques
 Karl Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient ( r )
 Spearman’s Rank-order Correlation Coefficient (rho)
 Regression and Prediction
 Biserial, Point biserial, Tetrachoric and the Phi-coefficient
 Partial and Multiple correlation
UNIT 12: Statistical Inference
 Concept of Standard Error and its uses
 The significance of Statistical Measures
 Treating the significance of difference between two means – Z test, t-test. ANOVA test of
difference by the use of ‘t’ Two Way ANOVA and ANCOVA.
UNIT 13: Non Parametric tests
 Chi-Square test
 Median test
 Marr- Whitney test
 Kolmogorow – Smirnov two sample test.
UNIT 14: Multivariate Analysis
 Factor Analysis
 Cluster Analysis
 Discriminate Analysis
UNIT 15: Reliability and Validity of test scores
 The reliability of the test
 The validity of a test
 Item analysis
Reference Books
1. Best John W. and James Kahn, V., 1989, Research in Education, Sixth Edition, Prentice-Hall
of India Pvt.Ltd, New Delhi.
2. Sharma R.A., 1992, Fundamentals of Educational Research, Loyal Book Depot, Meerut, UP,
3. Kulbir Singh Sidhu, 1990, Methodology of Research in Education, Sterling Publishers Pvt.
Ltd., New Delhi.
4. Lokesh Koul, 1997 Methodology of educational Research, third edition, Vikas Publishing
House Pvt. Ltd. , New Delhi.
5. Kothari C.R., 1990, Research Methodology Methods and Techniques, Wiley Eastern
Limited, New Delhi.
6. Borg Walter R., Gall Meridith D., 1983, Educational Research an Introduction, Fourth
Edition, Longaman, New York &London.
7. Nitko Anthony J., 1983, Educational Tests and Measurement an Introduction, Harcourt Brace
Jovanovich, Inc., New York.
8. Aggarwal Y.P., 1988, Statistical Methods Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
9. Garret Hnery E., 1985 Statistics in Psychology and Education, Viakils, Feffer and Simon,
10. Guilford, J.P., and Benjamin Fruchter, 1982 Fundamentals of statistics in Psychology and
Education, Fifth edition, Mc Graw-Hill Book Company, New York.
11. Gupta S.C. and Kapoor V.K., 1999, Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics, Sultan
Chand& Sons Educational Publishers, New Delhi.
12. Grewal P.S., Methods of Statistics Analysis, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
13. Bruce W. Tuckman, Statistics in Psychology and Education.

Reference: http://rayalaseemauniversity.ac.in/images/syllabus-papers-I/education.pdf

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