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ANNA UNIV TIRUCHIRAPPALLI B.E. Civil Eng sem3 SURVEYING 1
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UNIT I INTRODUCTION AND CHAIN SURVEYING 8
Definition - Principles - Classification - Field and office work - Scales - Conventional
signs - Survey instruments - their care and adjustment - Ranging and chaining -
Reciprocal ranging - Setting perpendiculars - well - conditioned triangles - Traversing -
Plotting - Enlarging and reducing figures.
UNIT II COMPASS SURVEYING AND PLANE TABLE SURVEYING 7
Prismatic compass - Surveyor’s compass - Bearing - Systems and conversions - Local
attraction - Magnetic declination - Dip - Traversing - Plotting - Adjustment of errors -
Plane table instruments and accessories - Merits and demerits - Methods - Radiation -
Intersection - Resection - Traversing.
UNIT III LEVELLING AND APPLICATIONS 12
Level line - Horizontal line - Levels and Staves - Spirit level - Sensitiveness - Bench
marks - Temporary and permanent adjustments - Fly and check levelling - Booking -
Reduction - Curvature and refraction - Reciprocal levelling - Longitudinal and cross
sections - Plotting - Calculation of areas and volumes - Contouring - Methods -
Characteristics and uses of contours - Plotting - Earth work volume - Capacity of
UNIT IV THEODOLITE SURVEYING 8
Theodolite - Vernier and microptic - Description and uses - Temporary and permanent
adjustments of vernier transit - Horizontal angles - Vertical angles - Heights and
distances - Traversing - Closing error and distribution - Gale’s tables - Omitted
UNIT V ENGINEERING SURVEYS 10
Reconnaissance - preliminary and location surveys for engineering projects - Lay out -
Setting out works - Route Surveys for highways - railways and waterways - Curve
ranging - Horizontal and vertical curves - Simple curves - Setting with chain and tapes -
tangential angles by theodolite - double theodolite - Basic concept of Compound and
reverse curves - Transition curves - Functions and requirements - Setting out by offsets
and angles - Vertical curves - Sight distances.
1. Bannister A. and Raymond S., Surveying, ELBS, Sixth Edition, 1992.
2. Kanetkar T.P., Surveying and Levelling, Vols. I and II, United Book Corporation,
3. Punmia B.C. Surveying, Vols. I, II and III, Laxmi Publications, 2007
1. Clark D., Plane and Geodetic Surveying, Vols. I and II, C.B.S. Publishers and
Distributors, Delhi, Sixth Edition, 1971.
2. James M.Anderson and Edward M.Mikhail, Introduction to Surveying, McGraw-
Hill Book Company, 1985.
3. Heribert Kahmen and Wolfgang Faig, Surveying, Walter de Gruyter, 1995.
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