ORGANISING NATURE and Process of Organising -Part -1

"Organising is the structural framework within which the various efforts are co-ordinated and related to each other"

Organisation is one of the basic functions of management. Organising is referred to as creating a structure of relationship for the efficent management of the enterprise. In other words organisation means a group of persons working together to achieve some common objectives. It is related with building up of a framework or structure of various inter related parts. We can say that ,organising is a process consisting of a series of steps by which managers create a network of authority responsibility relationship. It helps the people to work together (relate to one another) for a common aim /objective.

Importance of an Organisation
. Organising prometes specialisation and speedy performance of tasks.
. Organising helps in avoiding duplication of work and overlapping responsibilities among various employees and work groups.
. Scientific division of work -Total work load is divided among different individuals and groups based on their qualifications ,experience and aptitude.
. Organisation creates a solid foundation for forcussing managerial atention and actions on the accomplishment of enterprise objectives.
. A sound organisation structure facilitates adjustment to change in work load caused by changes.
. Organisation encourages creative thinking on the part of employees.
. Providing the optimum use of technological improvements.
. Sound organisation increases in managerial effeciency.
. Good organisation stop corruption.

Characterstics of Organisation
. It is the basic function of the management.
. It is the process of grouping activities to achieve the organisational objectives.
. Organisation helps in granting the authorities.
. Organisation co-ordinates among various functions and its departments.
. Effective communication possible through round organisational structures.
. Organisation is an asociation of men who unit together to obtain general objectives of an organisation.

Principles of Organisation
. Principle of objectives
. Principle of cordination
. Principle of Definition
. Principle of Span of control
. Principle of Elasticity
. Principle of Efficiency
. Principle of Leadership
. Principle of Continuity
. Principle of Specialisation
. Principle of Balance
. Principle of responsibility
. Principle of Authority
. Principle of Simplicity
. Principle of Exception
. Principle of participation
. Principle of unity of command.

Requisite of a sound or an ideal organisation;
. Harmonious grouping of Functions.
. Clear division of Duties and Responsibilities.
. Reasonable span of control.
. Provision for growth and expansion.
. Specialisation of employees.
. Full use of man-power.
. Provision of Two -way and effective communication.

Steps /Procedures in the process of organising
. Identifying the work
. Division of work
. Assignment of duties
. Grouping of activities
. Delegation of authority
. Co-ordination
. Definig relationships.



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