Dislalia-Definition, Classification, Etiological Factors, Educational Needs, Methodology




Dislalia




Definition

The dislalia speech disorders are more frequent. It can be defined as a disturbance in the articulation of phonemes can be explained by functional difficulties of the peripheral organs of speech (lips, tongue, etc...) can be a construct slurred or phonemes.


Classification Of Dislalia

For classification purposes, we cite three types of dislalia:
1. Evolutionary dislalia: It is at an early age (between 3 and 5 years) and is characteristic of development (normal to emerge. All children go through it).

2. audiogenic Dislalia: This occurs in cases of hearing impairment.

3. Functional Dislalia: The dislalia itself. Alteration is pie in the articulation of certain phonemes as a result of poor coordination of phonatory muscles that are necessary to articulate them. No existe ninguna alteración física ni orgánica, sino una incapacidad funcional. The most common functional dyslalias about phonemes are affecting sigmatic (defect of the phoneme "s"); lambdacismo (defect in the phoneme "l"); rhotacism (defect in the phoneme "r" and "r"); gammacismo (default phoneme "g", "k" and "j"); Deltac (a defect in the phonemes "d" and "t") and Betacism (a defect in the phonemes "b" and "p")


Etiological Factors

As for the etiological factors are as follows: motor incoordination and lack of motor control in the articulatory organs, auditory discrimination problems, environmental factors (poor education, poor social circumstances, incorrect imitation models, etc..) And bilingualism ( although not entirely clear).

By more frequent changes are the substitution, distortion, omission, investment and integration. In another substitution phoneme is pronounced, in the distortion is pronounced the way it is, but distorted, a little different as it really is, in the phoneme omission problem simply is not pronounced, in the investment reverses the order of phonemes of a syllable (eg plastic instead of plastic) and the insertion inserts a new phoneme (for example, instead of tractor taractor)


Educational Needs

With regard to special educational needs in children with dyslalias, are: improve respiratory dynamics and breath, exercise and drive to dominate the peripheral organs of speech (lips, tongue, soft palate, etc.). Exercise and dominate the auditory discrimination; acquire phonological awareness and learning to properly articulate the phonemes to replace, skip, reverse or distorted.

As part of the educational response, the objectives that would guide the response depends on education and phonetic and phonological difficulties. In the phonetic target is to achieve a proper articulation and phonological phonological awareness is to achieve and get the correct articulation, phonological and phonological awareness is to achieve and get a correct articulation.


Methodology

On the methodological process is as follows: Direct intervention with articulatory activities and indirect intervention, by first setting the functional bases and then articulatory activities.


Disclaimer: Please consult a medical practitioner before using sensitive information. Neither the site nor the author will be responsible for losses or damages resulting out of the use of this article.


Related Articles

How Education Related To The Development Of Our Country

The education has a great important in our country. India was contributed ‘Gurukul’ system to the world. Education is an important factor for the overall development of a country. There are various prestigious institutions in our country for providing quality education. The talented and skilled brains should be utilized in our country itself. Certain problems are existing in our educational system. Education is always a strong power for the development and growth of our country.

Quality of Education in private technical institutes of India

In this article I have given a brief description about education in a private college. There are numerous points to be seen in private college out of which I have stressed upon some. Also I have given some points to be noted before joining a private college.

New Zealand A Perfect Place For Higher Studies

New Zealand is combination of a perfect country, metropolitan cities, serene towns and Educational Institutions. Most colleges there offering Higher Education are well known all over the world. It is the goal of the New Zealand Government to make all colleges there at par with International quality learning institutions.In this resource I will review New Zealand as a place for higher studies and as a country in general.

Can privatization of education system and Right to Education Act go together?

Recently, there was news that government is planning to privatize the complete educational system. But, the question arises that will this new scheme really be effective? Does the scheme have the capabilities to implement the Act of Right to Education for every child less than 14 years? This article explains about the pros and cons of privatizing the education system and its effect on the Right to Education Act.

Right of children to free and compulsory education act 2009

This article includes the salient feature of Right of children to free and compulsory education act 2009. I have discussed some of the important points of RTE act for quick reference. This article will immensely help all teachers, students and parents of India.

More articles: Education

Comments

No responses found. Be the first to comment...


  • Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic.
  • No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed.
  • This is a strictly moderated site. Absolutely no spam allowed.
  • Name:
    Email: