Syllabus LL.M. Part I Examination University of Rajasthan

LL.M. Part I Examination

Every candidate offering himself for LL.M. Part I Examination shall be examined in the following papers:Each paper shall be of three hour duration and carry 100 marks.Candidates would be required to attempt any four questions out of eight questions asked in the question Paper.
Paper I-Legal Theory:
Suggested Readings:
Holmes:The Common Law.
Austin:Lectures on Jurisprudence.
Allen:Law in the Making.
Paton:A Text book of Jurisprudence.
Julius stone:The province & Function of Law.
Pound:An introduction to the philosophy of law.
Goodhart:Modern Theories of Law.
Vinogradoff:Common-sense in Law.
Jethro-Brown:The Autstinain Theory of Law.
Goodhart:English Law and the Moral Law.
Friedmann:Legal Theory:Concept of law.
Jaipur Law journal from volume I to Late articles concerning Jurisprudence.
Henry Maine:Ancient Law.
Dias:Jurisprudence 1976.
Dhyani,S.N.:Law,morality and justice indian developments.
Lon Fuller:Morality of law,1964.
Patrick Devlin:The enforcement of morals 1965.
Hart,HLA:The concept of law,1961.
Bodinheimer E:Jurisprudence,1962.
Julious Stone : Human Law and Human Justice
Julious Stone : Social Dimensions of Law and Justice
Julious Stone : Legal system and Lawers' Reasoning
Dworkin : Laws Empire
LIyod : Introduction to Jurisprudence
Johan Rawls : Theory of Justice
Finch : Introduction to Legal Theory
Dworkin : Taking Rights seriously

Paper II-Legislation-Principles,Methods and Interpretation.
Suggested Readings:
Bentham:Theory of Legistation
Jethrow-Brown:Underlying principles of Modern Legislation.
Dicey:Law and public opinion in England.
Ilbert:Legislative methods and forms.
Ilbert:Mechanism of law making.
Maxwell:The Interpretation of statutes.
Beal:Rules of Interpretation.
Odges:Interpretation of statutes.
Narasimhan:Interpretation of statutes in British,India.
Wigmore:Panorama of world legal system.
Ginsberg:Law and public opinion in England in the 20th century.
Eraskine May:Parliamentary practice.
Prof.T.Bhattacharya:Interpretation of statutes.(English & Hindi)
Kaul & Shakdhar : Practice and Procedure or Parliament
Subhash Kashyap : Parliament Procedure - Law, Privileges, Practice and Precedents
Craies : Statute Law
G.P. Singh : Principles of Statutory Interpretation
Bindra, N.S. : Interpretation of Statutes
Swaroop Jagdish :Legislation and Interpretation

Paper III-Legal Education and Research Methodology
Objectives of legal Education, Lecture Method of Teaching - Merits and demerits; The problem method, Discussion method and its suitability at postgraduate level teaching, the seminar method, of teaching Examination system and problems in evaluation external and internal assessment, Student participation in law school programes, Organization of seminars, publication of journal and assessment of teachers, Clinical legal education - legal aid legal litercy , legal survey and law reform,
Research Method - Socio Legal Reasearch, Doctrinal and non-doctrinal , Relevance of empirical research, Introductin and deduction, Identification of problem of research what is a research what is a research problem, Survey of available literature and bibliographical problem, Legislation, notification and policy statements.,
Formulation of the research problem, Devising tools and techniques for collection of data: Methodolodgy, Methods for the collection of statutory and case material and juristic literature,Use of historical and comparative research material, Use of observation studies, Use of questionnaires intervew, Use of case studies , Sampling procudere, design of sample, types of sampling to be adopted, Use of scaling techniques, jurimetrics, computrized Reasearch - A study of legal research programmes such as Lexis ad West Law coding, classification and Tabulation of data - use of card for data collect,Rules for tabulation, Explanation of tabulation data.

Suggested Readings:
High Brayai : Negel Dunean and Richard Crimes: Clinical Legal Education : Active Learning in, Your Law Schools (1998), Blackstone Press Ltd., Landon.
S.K. Agrawal (ed.) : legal education in India (1993), Tripathi, Bombay.
N.P. madhava Menun(ed.); legal Education in India (1993), Tripathi, Bombay.
M.O. Price H. Bitner and Bysicqicz :Effective Legal Research (1978)
Paulin V. Yound : Scientific Social Survey and Research (1962).
William, J.Grade and Paul K. Hatt : Methods of Social Research, McGraw Hill Book company, London..
H.M. Hymae : Interviewing in Social Reaesrch(1965).
Payne :the Art of Asking Question (1965).
Erwin C., Surrcncy, B. Field.J. Crea : A Guide to Legal Research
Morris, L. Cohan : Legal Research in Nutshell (1996) West Publishing Company.
Harvard Law Review Association : Uniform System of Citations
ILI Publication : Legal Research and Methodology .

Paper IV-Constitution of India:
The constitution of india is an organic,developing and changing system established over five decades ago.Through the years it has been in force the constitutional law anacted though the constitution has shown adaptability to the changing new social order and the institutions of national life.The processes of judical interpretation precedents,amendments conventions politics change have interacted to provide necessary catalysts for growth of the constitutional jurisprudence.The paper encourages the post graduate student to study,analysis and articulate the essential features and principles,rules of the basic framework of the constitutional system.
I.Basic Framework:Essential Features:
Kesavananda Bharati V.State of Kerala,A.I.R.1973 S.C.146;(1973)4 S.C.C.225
Indira Gandhi v. Raj Narain,A.I.R. 1975.S.C.2299.

II.Quasi Federalism:
State of Rajasthan v. union of india,A.I.R.1977 S.C.1361.
State of Karnataka v.union of india,A.I.R.1978 S.C.58.
M.Karunanidhi v.Union of india,A.I.R.1979 S.C.898.

III. Union/State Constitution:
In re-The Gujarat Legislative Assembly.,A.I.R. (1974) 2 S.C.C.33.
1. The President and The Council of Minister:
S.K.Singh v.V.V.Giri,A.I.R.1970 S.C.2097.
U.N. Rao v.Indira Gandhi A.I.R. 1971 S.C.1002.
Shamsher singh v. state of punjab A.I.R.1974 S.C.2192.
Manabir prasad v. P.C.Ghose,A.I.R. 1969,Cal.198.

In re-Reference. (U.P.Assembly,Allahabad,H.C.)A.I.R.1965 S.C.745.
M.S.M. Sharma v. Sri Krishan A.I.R.1959 S.C.395.
T.K.Jain v.S.Reddy etc.A.I.R. 1970 S.C.1575.
In re-Delhi laws Act,A.I.R.1951,332.

3. The Judiciary-Supreme Court:
Union of India,v.Jyoti Prakash A.I.R.1971,S.C.1093.
Art.131-State of Bihar v. Union of India,A.I.R.1970,S.C.1446.
Art.132-State of Kerala v.Union of India A.I.R.1978,S.C.58.

4. Inter-state Trade & Commerce:
Automobile Transport Rajasthan Ltd.,v.State of Rajasthan.A.I.R. 1962,S.C.1406
Atiabari Tea Co.,Ltd.,v.State of Asam,A.I.R.1961,S.C.232.

5. Fundamental Rights,Duties and Directive Principles:
I.C.Golak Nath v. state of punjab,A.I.R.1967,S.C.1943.
Kesavanand Bharti v.State of Kerala,A.I.R.,1973,S.C.1461.
R.C.Cooper v. Union of india,A.I.R.1970.,S.C.564.

Indira Nehru Gandhi v.Raj Narain,A.I.R.1975,S.C.2299.
In-re-Reference Special Bill,A.I.R.1979,S.C.585.
R.K.Dalmia v.Justice Tendolkar,A.I.R.1958,S.C.538.
Budhan Chaudhary v.State of Bihar,A.I.R.1955,S.C.191.
Lachmandas Kawlalaram v. state of bombay,A.I.R.1971 S.C.1762.
D.N.Chanchala,v.state of mysore,A.I.R.1971 S.C.1762.
M.R.Balaji v.state of mysore,A.I.R.1963 S.C.649
M.Thomas v.state of kerala,A.I.R.1976 S.C.490.

Freedom of speech,Expression (Press):
Bennet Colemen v.Union of india,A.I.R.1973 S.C.186.
K.A.Abbase v.Union of India,A.I.R.1971 S.C.481.
E.M.S.Namboodripad v.T.N.Nembiar,A.I.R.1971 S.C.2015.

Personal Liberty:
Maneka Gandhi v.Union of India,A.I.R.1978S.C.597.
Bhut Nath v.W.B. A.I.R.1974 S.C.806.
S.N.Sarkar v. W.B., A.I.R.1973 S.C.1425.
Fagu Shah v. W.B., A.I.R.1974 S.C.613.
Sunil Batra v. Delhi Administration,A.I.R.1978 S.C.1675.

Religious Freedom:
Commr.of Hindu Relligion Endowment D.L.T.Swamiarm,A.I.R.1954 S.C.282
Durgah committee v. syed hisain ali,A.I.R.1961 S.C.1402.
Syodna Tahee saifudin v. state of Bombay,A.I.R.1962 S.C.853.
Yulitha Myde v. state of orlssa,A.I.R.1973,orissa.116.

Minority Rights:-Cultural & Educational
Bombay v. Bombay Education Society.,A.I.R.1954,S.C.561.
Pradeep jain v/s Union of India.A.I.R.1984 S.C.1420.
Azeez Basha v.Union of India,A.I.R.1968 S.C.662.
St.Xavier's College v. State of Gujarat,A.I.R.1974 S.C.1389.

6. Emergency:
Rao Birendra Singh v. Union of india,A.I.R.1958.Punjab and Haryana 441.
State of Rajasthan v.Union of india,A.I.R.1977 S.C.1361.
Makhan singh v.state of punjab,A.I.R.1964 S.C.381.
A.D.M.Jabalpur v.state of M.P.,A.I.R.1976 S.C.1207.

7. Creation of New States, Democratic Process :-
Nexus of Politics with criminals and business ;
Electoral reforms
Coalition Government, Stability, Durability, Corrupt practices
Grass-root democracy
Suggested Readings
Constitutional Power Amendments:
H.M.Seervai:Constitutional Law of india (2nd Edition,1975).N.M.Tripathi Ltd.
Jain,M.P.:Constitutional Law,N.M.Tripathi Ltd.
Kagzi,M.C.J.:The constitution of India.Metroplitan Book co.
Kagzi,M.C.J.:Segregation and Untouchability Abolition,Metropolitan Book Co.
Shukla,V.N.:Commentries on the constitution of india(Ed.D.K.Singh,1972).Eastern Book co.
D.D.Basu:Commentary on the Constitution of India.
Kagzi M.C.J.:Kesavananda's Case.
D.D. Basu : Shorter Constitution of India
Glanville Austin : Indian Constitution
Glanville Austin : Cornerstone of a Nation . Glanville Williams : Working a Democratic Constitution - The Indian Experience:
The constitution (Forty fourth amendment)Act,1978. Law commission of india (The fourteenth report)Dhawan Alice jacob:
Selection and Appointment of the supreme court judges.
The Constitutional (52nd Amendment)Act,1985.

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