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B. Pharmacy I Year ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY AND HEALTH EDUCATION(JNTUA)


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JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ANANTAPUR
B. Pharmacy I Year T C
3+1 6
ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY AND HEALTH EDUCATION
UNIT-I
Scope of anatomy and physiology, basic terminology used in these subjects. Structure of cell, its
components and their functions. Elementary tissues of the human body: epithelial, connective, muscular and
nervous tissues, their sub- types and characteristics. Body fluids, Homeostasis
UNIT-II
Skeletal system: Structure, composition and functions of skeleton classification of joints, types of
movements at joints,
Skeletal muscles: Gross anatomy, physiology of muscle contraction, physiological properties of skeletal
muscles and their disorders.
UNIT-III
Haemopoietic system: Composition and functions of blood and its elements, their disorders, blood groups
and their significance, mechanism of coagulation, disorders of platelets and coagulation. Anemia and its
types.
Lymph and Lymphatic System: Composition, formation and circulation of lymph; disorders of lymph and
lymphatic system. Basic physiology and functions of spleen.
UNIT-IV
Cardiovascular system: Basic anatomy of the heart. Physiology of heart, blood vessels and circulation.
Basic pulmonary, coronary and hepatic system. Understanding of cardiac cycle, heart sounds and
electrocardiogram. Blood pressure and its regulation. Brief outline of cardiovascular disorders like
hypertension, hypotension, atherosclerosis, angina, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure and
cardiac arrhythmias.
UNIT-V
Digestive System: Gross anatomy of the gastro-intestinal tract, functions of its different parts including
those of liver, pancreas and gall bladder, various gastrointestinal secretions and their role in the absorption
and digestion of food, peptic ulcer, ulcerative colitis and hepatic disorders.
UNIT-VI
Respiratory System: Anatomy of respiratory organs. Functions of respiration, mechanism and regulation of
respiration, respiratory volumes and vital capacity. Asthma, tuberculosis.
UNIT-VII
Concepts of health & disease, disease causing agents and prevention of disease.
Balanced diet and nutritional deficiency disorders,
First Aid: Emergency treatment of shock, snakebites, burns, poisoning, fractures and resuscitation
methods.
Demography and family planning:
Demography cycle, population problem, family planning and various contraceptive methods. Medical
termination of pregnancy.
UNIT-VIII
Brief outline of communicable diseases, their causative agents, modes of transmission and prevention :-
chicken pox, measles, influenza, diptheria whooping cough, tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, hepatitis, cholera,
typhoid, food poisoning, helmenthiasis, malaria, filariasis, rabies, trachoma, tetanus, leprosy, syphilis,
gonorrhea and Aids.

TEXT BOOKS
1 Human Anatomy & physiology and Health education, Dr.Jayaveera, K.N,Vrushabendra Swamy.BM, S.Chand
2. Essential of Human Anatomy & Physiology, Elaine N. Marieb
3. Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, Tortora, G.J and Anagnodokas, N.P Harper & Row Publishers N.Y
REFERENCES
1. Text Book of Human Anatomy, Ross & Willson, M.J.Mycek S.B Gerther and MMPER
2. Human Physiology, C.C.Chatterjee.
3. fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology, Rizzo,.
4. Human Anatomy, Mc Kinley,.
5. Textbook of Medical Physiology, Guyton, AC Guyton WB Sannders Company, 1995.


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