Resources » Articles/Knowledge Sharing » Health

Diabetes Mellitus-Etymology, Overview, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis


Posted Date: 16-Oct-2009  Last Updated:   Category: Health    
Author: Member Level: Gold    Points: 30


This article gives information about the Etymology, overview, signs and symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus. Check this article to know the various aspects of Diabetes in simple words



Diabetes mellitus




Etymology

The word Diabetes comes from Latin. As the term for disease characterized by the elimination of large amounts of urine (polyuria), begins to be used in the first century in the etymological sense of "step", referring to the "passage of urine" of polyuria. It was coined by the Greek philosopher Arateus of Cappadocia.

The word Mellitus (Greek mel, "honey") was added in 1675 by Thomas Willis when he noticed that the urine of a diabetic patient had a sweet taste.


Overview

The cells metabolize glucose to make it a useful form of energy, which is why the body needs to receive glucose (through food), absorb (for digestion) to circulate in the blood and distributed throughout the body, and finally, the blood from inside the cells so it can be used. The latter only occurs under the effects of insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas.

In the DM (diabetes mellitus) the pancreas does not produce or produces too little insulin (DM Type I) or the body's cells do not respond normally to the insulin that is produced (Type II DM).

This prevents or hinders the entry of glucose into the cell, increasing its levels in the blood (hyperglycemia). Chronic hyperglycemia that occurs in diabetes mellitus has a toxic effect that impairs the different organ systems and can lead to coma and death.

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder endocrine - metabolic chronic, affects the function of all organs and body systems: the process by which food is available as an energy source for the body (metabolism), blood vessels (arteries, veins and capillaries) and blood circulation, heart, kidneys, and nervous system (brain, retina, skin sensitivity and depth, etc.)..


Signs and symptoms of untreated diabetes mellitus

In the event that has not yet been diagnosed with DM or started your treatment, or who is not well treated, they may find the following signs (derived from an excess of glucose in blood, either point or continuous):

Signs and symptoms most common:

• Polyuria, polydipsia and polyphagia.
• Weight loss despite polyphagia.
• Fatigue or tiredness.
• Changes in visual acuity.

Less common signs and symptoms:

• Vaginitis in women, balanitis in men.
• Appearance of glucose in the urine or urine with a sweet taste.
• Absence of menstruation in women.
• Appearance of impotence in men.
• Abdominal pain.
• Tingling or numbness in hands and feet, dry skin, sores or wounds that heal slowly.
• Weakness.
• Irritability.
• Mood swings.
• Nausea and vomiting.
• Breath smells like apples.


Diagnosis

It is based on single or continuous measurement (up to 2 fold) the concentration of glucose in plasma. The World Health Organization (WHO) established the following criteria in 1999 to establish accurately the diagnosis:

• Classic symptoms of the disease (polyuria, polydipsia, Polyphagia and unexplained weight loss) plus casual blood draw or random with levels greater or equal to 200mg/dl (11.1 mmol / L)

• Measuring fasting plasma glucose greater than or equal to 126mg/dl (7.0 mmol / L). Fasting is defined as not having eaten food in at least 8 hours.

• The test oral glucose tolerance (curve of glucose tolerance). The measurement in plasma is two hours after ingesting 75g of glucose in 30ml of water, the test is positive with levels greater or equal to 200 mg / dl.


Disclaimer: Please consult a medical practitioner before using sensitive information. Neither the site nor the author will be responsible for losses or damages resulting out of the use of this article.


Did you like this resource? Share it with your friends and show your love!




Responses to "Diabetes Mellitus-Etymology, Overview, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis"

No responses found. Be the first to respond...

Feedbacks      

Post Comment:




  • Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic.
  • No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed.
  • This is a strictly moderated site. Absolutely no spam allowed.
  • Name:   Sign In to fill automatically.
    Email: (Will not be published, but required to validate comment)



    Type the numbers and letters shown on the left.


    Submit Article     Return to Article Index

    Awards & Gifts
    Active Members
    TodayLast 7 Daysmore...

    Online Members

    justin
    More...
    ISC Technologies, Kochi - India. Copyright © All Rights Reserved.