Kerala University Applied electronics syllabus
03. 401 Engineering Mathematics – III 310 4 credits
MODULE 1: Partial Differential Equations Formation of P.D.ESolution by direct integrationsolution of Lagrange’s linear equationsNonlinear equations of first orderTypes f(p,q)=0,f(z,p,q)=0,f(x,p)=g(y,q) 65 Homogeneous P.D.E with constant coefficientssolution by the method of separation of variables.
MODULE 2: Application of partial differential Equations Derivation of one dimensional wave equationsolution of the wave equation by the method of separation of variables –Boundary value problems involving wave equationDerivation of one dimensional heat equation solution by the method of separation of variablesProblems with zero and nonzero boundary conditionsSolution of Laplace equation in two dimensions (cartesian only)Problems on finite and infinite strips.
MODULE 3: Fourier Transforms and Optimization Techniques Fourier Transforms: Fourier integral Theorem(no proof)Fourier sine and cosine integralsFourier Transformscomplex formSine and cosine TransformsInversion Formulasimple problems. Optimization techniques: Linear Programming ProblemsFormulationGraphical solutionGeneral L.P.PSlack and Surplus variablesBasic feasible solutionSolution of L.P.P. using Simplex methodBigMmethodDuality Dual Simplex method.
03.402 Humanities 300 3 Credits
Part 1 Module I 1. Definition and scope of Economics Definition of basic termsGoodswants and their classifications wealth Income –Money Near money Credit money Utility, features and kinds of utility – National Income and related concepts as GNP, NNP, Disposable Income Resource Allocation, Technological choice & production possibility curve. Indifference curve analysis the concept of supply Supply curvesCost curves – loss of returns. 2. Basic laws in Economics – Law of Diminishing marginal utility – Demand, Law of Demand and demand curve The concept of supply Supply schedule and supply curve.
Module II 3. Market structure – Classifications – Pricing under different markets as perfect competition, monopoly and oligopoly. Pricing under monopolistic competition. 4.Inflation – Measures to control inflation – Monetary measures and fiscal measures – Effects of inflation. 5.Tax – Classification of Taxes – Direct & Indirect taxes specific and AdValorem taxes – personal income tax – characteristics of a good tax system – Tax evasion.
Module III 6.International Monetary Fund – Issues & Challenges – International liquidity – Special Drawing Rights  India & IMF. 7.Welfare Economics – Old Welfare Economics Pigou’s Analysis – New Welfare Economics Pareto’s welfare criterion . Part 2 – Communicative English
Reading Skimmingscanningdetailed readingpredicting contentinterpreting charts and tablesidentifying stylistic features in texts  evaluating textsunderstanding discourse coherenceguessing meaning from the context note making / transferring information. Word formation with prefixes and suffixesdiscourse markers and their functionsdegrees of comparison expressions relating to recommendations and comparisonsactive and passive voiceantonymstense forms gerunds conditional sentencesmodal verbs of probability and improbabilityacronyms and abbreviations  compound nouns and adjectivesspellingpunctuation.
Sentence definitionstatic descriptioncomparison and contrastclassification of informationrecommendations highlighting problems and providing solutionsformal and informal letter writingusing flowcharts/diagrams paragraph writingediting. Defining, describing objectsdescribing uses/functionscomparingoffering suggestionsanalysing problems and providing solutionsexpressing opinions (agreement/ disagreement) –expressing possibility/certainty – framing
03.403 ANALOG COMMUNICATION (TA) 210
Module I Telephone systems –electronic telephonedigital switching –trunk circuits –private telephone networks. Amplitude modulation Frequency spectrum, power relation, DSBSC modulation, modulation and demodulation circuits, AM transmitters. Receivers Superheterodyne receivers, tracking, sensitivity and gain, image rejection and AGC, double conversion receivers, single conversion receivers, Single side band modulation – principle, balanced modulation, SSB generation and reception, companded SSB.
Module II Angle modulation FM spectrum, modulation index, phase modulation, comparison of various modulation schemes, angle modulation and demodulation circuits, AFC, amplitude limiters, preemphasis and deemphasis, FM broadcast transmitters and receivers. Noise in analog modulation systems Noise in linear receivers using coherent detection, noise in AM receivers using envelope detection, noise in FM receivers.
Module III (Quantitative Approach) Probability Concepts, Random Variables, Statistical averages. Random Processes  Introduction, definition, stationary processes, mean, correlation and covariance functions properties of Auto correlation & cross correlation functions. Ergodic processes, transmission of Random Processes, power spectral density and its properties, cross spectral densities. Guassian process central limit theorem, properties. Noise – Shot noise, thermal noise and white noise, S/N ratio, noise figure, narrow band noise, representation in terms of inphase and quadrature components, envelope and phase components, sine wave plus narrow band noise.
03.404 SIGNALS & SYSTEMS (TA) 310
Module I (Quantitative Approach) Introduction – continuous time & discrete time signals, Basic operations on signalsoperations on dependent and independent variables, elementary signals exponential, sinusoidal, step, impulse and ramp functions, Continuous time & Discrete time systems – system properties–– memory, invertibility, linearity, time invariance, causality, stability, Impulse response & step response of systems, convolution. Fourier series representation of continuous time and discrete time periodic signals.
Module II (Quantitative Approach) Continuous Time Fourier Transform – properties – systems characterized by differential equations. Discrete Time Fourier Transform – properties – systems characterized by difference equations . Sampling theorem – Reconstruction – Aliasing.
Module III (Quantitative Approach) The Laplace Transform – ROC – Inverse transform – properties – Analysis of LTI systems using Laplace Transform – unilateral Laplace Transform. The Z transform – ROC – Inverse transform – properties – Analysis of LTI systems using Z transforms – unilateral Z transform.
03.405 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS  II (TA) 310 Module I High frequency equivalent circuits of BJTs, MOSFETs, Miller effect, short circuit current gain, sdomain analysis, amplifier transfer function. Low frequency and high frequency response of CE, CB, CC and CS, CG, CD amplifiers. Frequency response of cascade, cascode and Differential (emitter coupled) amplifiers.
Module II Differential Amplifiers  BJT differential pair, large signal and small signal analysis of differential amplifiers, Input resistance, voltage gain, CMRR, non ideal characteristics of differential amplifier. Current sources, mirrors, Active load. MOS differential amplifiers, multistage differential amplifiers. Analysis of BJT tuned amplifiers, synchronous and stagger tuning. Analysis of High frequency oscillators Hartley, Colpitts, Clapp and crystal oscillators.
Module III Feed back amplifiers (discrete only)  Properties of negative feed back. The four basic feed back topologies Seriesshunt, seriesseries, shuntshunt, shuntseries, loop gain, Bode plot of multistage Amplifier, Stability, effect of feedback on amplifier poles, frequency compensationDominant and Polezero. Sweep circuits Miller and Bootstrap.
03.406 DIGITAL ELECTRONICS (TA) 210
Module I Review of Boolean algebra rules, laws and theorems – sum of product and product of sum simplification, Karnaugh map (upto 4 variables), completely and incompletely specified functions, Quine McCluskey method (upto 5 variables). Combinational logic circuits adders, subtractors, ripple carry and look ahead carry adders, comparators, decoders, encoders, multiplexers, demultiplexers. Introduction to VHDL. Logic gates, decoders, encoders in VHDL, adders in VHDL. Memories – ROM organisation, expansion. PROMs, RAMs – Basic structure, 2dimensional organization, Static and dynamic RAMs Module II Integrated Circuit technologies – Characteristics and Parameters. TTL Circuits – NOT, NAND, NOR, Open collector, tristate gates, positive and negative logic, ECL ORNOR, IIL, CMOS NOR, NOT, NAND, comparison. Differences between combinational and sequential circuits – flip flops – SR, JK, D, T, Master slave, characteristic equations, conversion of one type of flip flop into another, Shift register, Universal shift register, applications. Binary counters – Synchronous and Asynchronous design, Counters for random sequence design. Multivibrators – astable and monostable multivibrators using gates, 74121 and 74123.
Module III Analysis of synchronous sequential circuits  Synchronous sequential machine – The moore machine, mealy machine, timing diagram. Design of synchronous sequential circuits – examples, State diagram, State table, State transition and output tables, logic diagram, Analysis of synchronous sequential circuits – examples. Asynchronous sequential circuit – basic structure, equivalence and minimization, minimization of completely specified machines, State simplification of redundant states, Incompletely specified machines. Hazards – causes of hazards, Logic hazards, essential hazards, function hazards, design of hazard free combinational networks.
03.407 PROGRAMMING & SIMULATION LAB (TA) 004
Introduction to SPICE Models of resistor, capacitor, inductor, energy sources (VCVS, CCVS, Sinusoidal source, pulse, etc), transformer. Models of DIODE, BJT, FET, MOSFET, etc. sub circuits. Simulation of following circuits using spice (Schematic entry of circuits using standard packages. Analysis transient, AC, DC, etc.): 1. Potential divider. 2. Integrator & Differentiator (I/P PULSE) – Frequency response of RC circuits. 3. Diode Characteristics. 4. BJT Characteristics. 5. FET Characteristics. 6. MOS characteristics. 7. Full wave rectifiers (Transient analysis) including filter circuits. 8. Voltage Regulators. 9. Sweep Circuits. 10. RC Coupled amplifiers  Transient analysis and Frequency response. 69 11. FET & MOSFET amplifiers. 12. Multivibrators. 13. Oscillators (RF & AF).
MATLAB:
Introduction to Matlab, study of matlab functions. Writing simple programs using matlab, for handling arrays, files, plotting of functions etc. Writing M files for Creation of analog & discrete signals, plotting of signals etc. Filtering of analog & digital signals using convolution Generation of noise signals (Gaussian, random, Poisson etc) Simulation using Simulink. Simulation study (A)Design of analog low pass, bandpass, high pass and band elimination filters using Butterworth, Chebyshev etc. (B) Antialiasing filters (C) Bode plot (D) Steady state and Transient analysis (E) Z Transforms (F) Fourier Analysis
. 03.408 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS LAB 004
Feed back amplifiers(current series, voltage series). Gain and frequency response 1. Power amplifiers(transformer less), Class B and Class AB. Measurement of Power. 2. Differential amplifiers. Measurement of CMRR 3. Cascade and cascode amplifiers. Frequency response. 4. Phase shift, Wein bridge, Hartley and Colpitts Oscillators, UJT Oscillators 5. Astable, Monostable and Bistable multivibrator circuits 6. Schmitt trigger circuits. 7. Tuned amplifiers, frequency response. 8. Series voltage regulator circuits. 9. Bootstrap sweep circuit.
