The creation of Telangana state revives calls for autonomy in India




If the new state carved out of Andhra Pradesh would not eventually emerge until 2014, announcement of its creation last week has awakened many similar claims on territories of Indian patchwork of regions with distinct identities.

Overview



The creation of Gorkhaland, the oldest Indian demands for autonomy

Gorkhaland

After the announcement of the creation of Telangana, the autonomist Gorkhas have imposed a curfew for four days in Darjeeling on Monday, reiterating their demand for separation of this region of the state of West Bengal. The member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP Hindu nationalist) Jaswant Singh reiterated his support for regional Gorkhas whose Gorkha Janamukti Morcha (GJM) or Gorkha National Liberation Front is spearheaded since 2007.

The inhabitants of the region of Darjeeling, Nepali culture for the vast majority calling for the creation of an independent state, the Gorkhaland since the early twentieth century. In the late 80s, the National Liberation Front of Gorkhaland has emerged, rekindling the flame in the separatist region.

A delegation of the GJM met Interior Minister P Chidambaram on Friday, again requesting a separate state. West Bengal has so far refused to create a new state in the region of Darjeeling.


A new subdivision of Uttar Pradesh?

One day after the announcement Saturday, by the Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee, no other state would be created, the head of the state government of Uttar Pradesh (UP, north), Mayawati Kumari, wrote to Prime Indian minister calling for statehood for Poorvanchal. This region includes several districts of eastern UP bordering Bihar to the east, Nepal to the north and the state of Madhya Pradesh in the south.

Mayawati also reiterated a demand for the creation of the state of Bundelkhand, whose territory straddles between the UP and Madhya Pradesh. The fight (peacefully) for Bundelkhand Self-old over 50 years, is now flanked by two political parties: The Bundelkhand Akikrit Party and the Bundelkhand Mukti Morcha. Undeveloped, the region between engloble other cities of Jhansi and Khajurao, has 50 million inhabitants.

The Leader of the opposition regional party RLD Ajit Singh has his opportunity to request the creation of Harit Pradesh, a new state that would comprise the western part (most developed) of the UP.

Indian state's most populous, Uttar Pradesh, which means "Northern Province", had already undergone a first division in 2000, when the State of Uttarkhand, grouping several Himalayan districts, has emerged.


The Vidarbha (Maharashtra)

Several Congress members in Parliament have written a letter to Manmohan Singh after the green light for creation of Telangana, demanding the autonomy of the new eastern Maharashtra, also known under the name of Vidarbha.

The population of this impoverished region, scene of nearly three-quarters of suicides among farmers in the state, calls sporadically since the 60s, the separation from Maharashtra, accusing the regional government of neglecting its development. The autonomy of Vidarbha remains at present unlikely, particularly because of strong opposition from the state government and the Shiv Sena party in particular.


The Seemanchal and Mithilanchal (Bihar)

After the 1992, former state minister Mohd Taslimuddin has launched a new claim for separation of the region Seemanchal, including the town of Purnia is the capital. This region is located in eastern Bihar, near the borders with Bangladesh, Nepal and the state of West Bengal. Activists Mithilanchal an autonomous region of Bihar, which straddles the Seemanchal were also heard. Jharkhand, Bihar's southern region, had won statehood in 2000.

Some other

Other regions with the hope of independence has been raised by the issue of Telangana: Saurashtra in Gujarat and the region south of Coorg in Karnataka, not to mention the numerous tribal movements from the north-east India.

Despite the resurgence of such claims since last week, the Congress Party has so far rejected to consider establishing a second commission for the reorganization of States.


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