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Gangolihat Pincode 262522 (Uttarakhand)

State: Uttarakhand

Place Name: Gangolihat
Other Names:
Pincode: 262522
Taluk: Gangolihat
District: Pithoragarh
State: Uttarakhand
Assembly constituency:
Loksabha Constituency:
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Gangolihat is a hill town in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand state. It is situated at an altitude of 1347 m from sea level and is located at a distance of 76 km from Pithoragarh city. Topographically, it lies between Saryu and Ramganga rivers and in ancient times was known as Gangawali.

Gangolihat is quite famous for its Haat Kalika temple and Patal Bhuwaneshwar caves and a lot of people come to visit these shrines here. National highway NH-309A passes from Gangolihat.

Places to Visit

Gangolihat is mainly famous for its temples and underground limestone caves. The main places to visit are -
  • Vaishnavi Mandir - This temple is situated on a nearby mountain called Shail Parvat and from here one can have the glimpses of panaromic view of Himalaya. Panchchuli and Nandadevi peaks are also clearly visible. This temple area is also a good picnic site

  • Haat Kalika Mandir - This is a famous temple especially popular with armed force personnels where people from all over the country come to take blessings of Goddess Kali. Aadi Guru Sankaracharya installed here this Mahakali Shaktipeeth and that is the reason why it is so much popular and respected shrine. The army people have made one guest house also here for staying.

  • Patal Bhuvaneshwar - This is the main attraction in Gangolihat and consists of a large number of underground caves which are basically formed due to leaching and deposition of limestone by underground waters. It is about 14 km far from Gangolihat near Bhuvaneshwar village. This is a great place for tourists and the inside of caves are illuminated with electric lights for easy movement from one cave to other. The carvings of dieties are everywhere and the walls and pillars of the cave present spectacular colums of stalactite and stalagmite which are produced through geological erosion and depositional processes in the underground limestone rocks. The caves continue upto a depth of about 60 m and approximate explored length is about 150 m. This is a preserved site under Archaelogical Survey of India.

  • Choukori - This is a small tourist hill town about 42 km from Gangolihat at a higher altitude of 2010 m. It is famous for its tea gardens and orchards.

Accommodation in Gangolihat

There are limited accommodation options in Gangolihat. Only a few rest houses and a few ordinary hotels are there. There are a few small hotels in Patal Bhuvaneshwar area which are very convenient for staying as well as good food is also available there. Tourists interested in exploring Patal Bhuvaneshwar caves can stay here.

Educational facilities in Gangolihat

There are adequate educational facilities in Gangolihat and the main colleges/ schools in and around Gangolihat are -
  • Shri Mahakali Government Inter College, Mahakali Road, Ran Kote Upreti, Gangolihat, Uttarakhand, PIN - 262522, Phone: 05964 242 670.

  • Government Girls Inter College, Ran Kote Upreti, Gangolihat, Uttarakhand, PIN - 262522.

  • JBSG Inter College Gangolihat, Lali, Gangolihat, Uttarakhand, PIN - 262522.

  • Simalkot college, Ran Kote Upreti, Gangolihat, Uttarakhand, PIN - 262522.

  • Government Inter College, Ganai Gangoli, Sheraghat - Berinag Road, Kuna, Uttarakhand, PIN - 262532.

  • Government Polytechnic College, Ganai Gangoli, Gangolihat, Uttarakhand, PIN - 262532, Phone: 05964 240 554

How to Reach There

Gangolihat is well connected to the nearby towns and the nearest (150 km) railway station is at Tanakpur. The nearest airport is about a distance of 218 km at Pantnagar in district Udham Singh Nagar.

- Umesh


Haat Kali temple and Patal Bhuwaneshwar in Gangolihat area are two important places to visit for any visitor or tourist.

Gangolihat Town

Gangolihat town is situated in Pithoragarh district in Uttarakhand state. It is about 76 Km by road in a westerly direction from the Pithoragarh town (which is the district headquarter).

Gangolihat is situated at an altitude of 1350 m from the sea level. As per the year 2011 census, the population of Gangolihat was around 72000. The area is bounded by two rivers Saryu and Ramganga which meet at a place called Ghat which is a nodal place in between Gangolihat, Pithoragarh, Almora, Tanakpur and Haldwani. Summer is the best time to visit this place. If one is planning to visit here in winters than adequate woollens, muffler and cap will be required for protection from the cold. There are other small hill stations namely Chokori and Berinag near Gangolihat. There are many villages around Gangolihat town and the town market caters, as the main market and vegetable and milk trading place for them.

From Gangolihat, one can have an excellent view of Himalayan ranges also, especially on a clear day when there are no fog and clouds.

Haat Kali temple and Patal Bhuwaneshwar caves

Gangolihat is mainly famous for Haat Kali (Goddess Durga) temple and Patal Bhuwaneshwar caves. Haat Kali temple is a Shaktipeeth and due to this, it is worshipped by devotees coming from all over our country.

Patal Bhuwaneshwar is an assemblage of underground caves at a depth of about 30-35 meters and is extending about 160 meters laterally. The movement of people to these caves are controlled by the district administration and are opened to public and tourists during the daytime only.

Patal Bhuwaneshwar caves are situated near a village called Bhuwaneshwar in Gangolihat area. It is about 12 Km from Gangolihat town. One has to enter in the caves from its mouth and just after that there is a steep descent in which one has to almost slide and walk down to reach the cave interior which is very spacious and contains many natural compartments. The local administration has provided a strong chain fixed on the wall alongside the descent to caves so that one does not stumble or slip down.

When one enters the caves one finds it really mesmerising and exciting. It is moderately cooler inside the caves and drops of water can be found oozing or falling from the cave roof as well as walls at places. Cave walls everywhere are having different shapes of rocks and appear as if someone has sculptured on the rocks which are forming the cave walls here and there. These rocks are basically a natural limestone geological deposition and were formed due to leaching phenomenon by percolating waters inside the rocks and there are many such caves in our country as well as across the world at different places.
The Patal Bhuwaneshwar caves are well illuminated with electric lights and after visiting them one has to come out by climbing up the same path holding the side chain for safety. It is really a fantastic and unique place in the hilly state of Uttarakhand.

Educational facilities in Gangolihat

Gangolihat is having adequate educational facilities and there are many primary schools in the area as well as a few Govt higher secondary/ Intermediate colleges and a few private ones. For higher education, there is one Govt PG college also. For specialised courses and research work, one can go to district headquaters Pithoragarh where the Govt Post Graduate college is having these facilities like BEd or PhD.

How to reach Gangolihat

Gangolihat is well connected with all the nearby towns by road and NH-309A passes through it. The nearest major Railway Station is about 200 Km at Kathgodam.

- Neeru Bhatt

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