About Bobbili It is a Municipal town and Revenue divisional Headquarter in Vizianagaram District of Andhra Pradesh. Bobbili is located at a distance of 55 K.M from Vizianagaram and 65 K.M from Koraput (Odisha).With a population of 76,142, it has a record literacy rate of 76.5%. This traditional town has its place in history to stand as a testimony for valour and sacrifice. Dr. R S R K Ranga Rao, the king of Bobbili served as the Chief Minister of erstwhile Madras state.
Its historic importance The famous battle of Vizianagaram between the kings of Vizianagaram and Bobbili at the instance of French Governor Lord Bussi makes the two towns Vizianagaram and Bobbili prominent in history. Both the kings were known to have promoted culture, traditions and education in their kingdoms and maintained mutual cooperation and friendly relations. Cockfight was a traditional game with betting during Sankranthi and the King of Vizianagaram by name Viziayarama Raju was the Chief Guest for one Sankranthi festival at Bobbili. The Cockfight between the two became prestigious and Vizianagaram team lost the fight. This changed the dynamics of relations and the French governor took advantage of the situation. He insisted for tax (Kappam) while the Bobbili Rajah refused to pay. Vizianagram Kings arrived at a compromise formula with Lord Bussi and declared war on Bobbili kingdom. Tandrapapayarayadu, brother-in-law of Rajah Ranganayakudu of Bobbili was the zamindar of Rajam Samsthan and was known as Lion for the enemies. As long as he was on the side of the Bobbili fighters, the chances of winning would be freak. So, Bussi planned to divert the attention of Tandrapaparaya and sent a part of the army to Rajam to fight against the Rajam force led by Tandrapaparaya. The main force was deployed at Bobbili and the Bobbili fort was captured by Vijayarama Raju. After knowing the truth, Tandrapapayya went on to Bobbili and fought with the victorious team of Vijanagaram kings while they were celebrating the victory in the night and killed the king of Vijayanagaram. Thus the town was almost wiped out during the war resulting in the tragic massacre.
With the valour shown by the Bobbili kings, the name of the town became synonymous for self respect and sacrifice and the term very often referred as ‘Bobbili puli' among the Telugus.
Economy and educationBobbili is a gateway for the industrial corridor in the region. As it is surrounded by agricultural fields which yield high rate of paddy and sugar cane, its economy is mostly dependant on the production of rice, sugar and jaggary. There are so many rice mills, sugarcane industries and paper mills that are providing employment to local people. Other major industries like B.K. Steels, Vizag Profiles and Ferro Alloys have the potential to employ 10,000 people.
Samsthan High School is an old and famous educational institution promoted by the Rajahs of Bobbili and its origin dates back to 1864 . The famous Dr. R S R K Ranga Rao Degree college started in 1962 provides higher quality of education in this region.
Transport facilities It is well connected by road and rail to reach important places like Visakhapatnam, Vijayanagaram, Berhampur, Jeypore and Rayagada in both the states of AP and Odisha. It has a railway station at Mallamapeta just 3 K.M from the town.
Assembly and Lok sabha constituencies Bobbili is one of the assembly constituencies of Andhra Pradesh state assembly and forms part of Vizianagaram Lok Sabha constituency.
- Jagdish Patro