Pondicherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam were the four establishments of the French Colony. At present they are embedded in different states like Mahe in Kerala, Yanam in Andhra , Karaikal in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry as a state by itself.
Karaikal is in the Nagappattinam and Tiruvarur District of Tamil Nadu State. Karaikal has an area of about 161 sq. km. and has a population of 1,70,640 as per the 2001 census details. Being a part of the Cauvery River delta the area Karaikal is completely covered with the tributories of the river and is very fertile. Rice is the main cultivation and Sugarcane is the subsidiary crop in this area as the lands are very fertile.
The climate here is tropical maritime type of climate with small daily range of temperature and moderate rainfall. In a year there is an average of 55 rainy days with about 2.5 mm of rain.
Places of Interest:
There is a small but beautiful temple for Karaikaal Ammaiyaar who was one of the 63 Nayanmars of the Saivites. LORD SANEESWARA (Saturn) has a temple at Thirunallar, which draws people from all over the world, is about 6 kms frpm Karaikaal.
Karaikal Sandy Beach is one of the natural beaches found in Tamil Nadu. In addition to natural sandy beach, a boat jetty in the Arasalar, Childrens Park, Immovable sitting chairs along the roads, Vehicles Parking, Beach Restaurant, Tennis Court are some of the other places which the tourists to karaikkal like to visit. Velankanni for Christians and Nagore for Muslims are the two other places located very close to Karaikkal and which attract lots of visitors to the place.
How to Reach Karaikkal:
Trichy is the nearest Airport and is connected with Chennai, Sharjah, Kuwait and columbo. Other cities of India can be connected through Chennai.
Nearest Railway Station is Nagore, but all the trains do not touch Nagore. Only the trains which go to Nagore go there.
Tamil Nadu Government's long distance buses are operated from Nagapattinam to Madras via Pondicherry travels through Karaikkal. Pondicherry Tourism Development Corporation runs buses for long distance travelling between Karaikkal and Pondicherry.