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14 Jan 2009
Districts in Goa State:
Assembly constituencies in Goa state:
Loksabha Constituencies in Goa state
State Representative of
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363 per sq. km.
Konkani, Marathi, kannada.
Total: 82.32%, Male: 88.88%, Female: 75.51%.
Goa, situated on the Konkan coast of India, has a coastline of 131 km. It has a partly hilly terrain, with the Western Ghats rising to nearly 1200 meters in some parts of the state. In the north, the Terekhol river separates Goa and Maharashtra. Karnataka lies to the south, with the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the east. The island of Goa lies between the mouths of the Mandovi and Zuari rivers, which are connected on the landward side by a creek. The island is triangular in shape, with a cape in the form of a rocky headland that divides the harbour of Goa into two parts- Aguada at the mouth of the Mandovi, on the north, and Mormugao or Marmugao at the mouth of the Zuari, on the south.
Neighbouring States and union territories
Mandovi and Zuari.
Summer temperatures vary from 24C to 32.7C. Winter temperatures vary from 21.3C to 32.2C. Rainfall 3200mm(June-September).
Goa first appears in the Puranas as ‘Gove', ‘Govapuri', and ‘Gomant'. The medieval Arab geographers called it ‘Sindabur'. The Portuguese called it ‘Velha Goa'. From the 2nd century AD to 1312, it was ruled by the Kadamba dynasty. The Muslim invaders of the Deccan held sway between 1312 and 1367, after which it was annexed by the Hindu Kingdom of Vijayanagar. Later, it was conquered by the Bahmani dynasty, which founded Old Goa in 1440. After 1482, Goa passed into the hands of Yusuf Adil Khan, the king of Bijapur. It was during his reign that the Portuguese first reached India. In March 1510 the city surrendered to the Portuguese under Afonso de Albuquerque. A violent struggle between the Portuguese and Yusuf Adil Khan ensued, but the Portuguese had the last laugh. Goa was the first territorial possession of the Portuguese in Asia. It later became the capital of the entire Portuguese empire in the east.
In 1603 and 1639 the Dutch Navy blockaded the city, but never managed to capture it. In 1683 a Mughal army saved it from capture by the Maratha. The latter attacked the area again in 1739 but it was saved once again. In 1809, the British temporarily occupied the city, as a result of Napoleon's invasion of Portugal.
At the time of independence in 1947, Goa was still a Portuguese colony. On 18 December 1961, Indian military forces invaded and occupied Goa, Daman, and Diu. They were incorporated into the Indian Union in 1962. On 0 May 1987, goa was granted statehood, Daman and Diu remaining as a separate Union territory. Goa's first chief minister was Dayanand Bandodkar.
Goa is well known for its folk dances lioke Dhalo, Fugdi, Mando, Corridinho and performing folk arts like Khell-tiatro and Jagar-perani. It is also well known for rosewood and teak furniture, terracotta figurines, brass items and jewellery designs. Folk paintings of Goa mostly depict scenes from the Mahabharata, the Ramayana and the Puranas and also scenes from the New Testament. Goa is also an important centre for Konkani literature.
Fairs and festivals:
The Goan Hindu community celebrate Ganesh Chathurti, Krishna Janmashtami, Rakshabandhan, Gudi Padwa, Diwali, Dussehra, Holi, and Ramnavmi.
In goa, the most widely celebrated festival is Ganesh Chaturthi or Chovoth. In the mouth of Phalgun, Goa celebrates Holi, or Shigmoutsav. In the month of Shravan, the town of Vasco celebrates Vasco Saptah. The Lairai Jatra takes place in early May. The Goa Carnival is usually celebrated in the month of February or March.
Industry and agriculture
Minerals and industry
There are over 5000 small-scale industrial units in the state. Mineral resources of the state include bauxite, iron ore and ferromanganese.
Rice, millets and pulses are the most widely grown food grains. Coconuts, cashew nuts and oilseeds are also grown.
Prominent institutes of higher education include Goa University, National Institute of Oceanography, National Institute of Water Sports, Goa Institute of Management and the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
Major tourist attractions
Calangute Beach, Colva Beach, Dona Paula Beach, Miramar Beach, Anjuna Beach, Palolem Beach, Vagator Beach, Arambol Beach, Agonda Beach, Basilica of Born Jesus, Se cathedral, Church of St Francis of Assisi, Dudhsagar Waterfalls, Aguada Fort.
Bhagwan Mahavir(107 sq. km.)
Goa is one of the richest states in India with high GDP. The financial condition of the state has worsened now due to the closure on iron ore mining.
Total Area - 3702 Sq.km
Population - 1,457,723
Official website - goa.gov.in
Major languages - Konkani, Marathi, English, Hindi
Literacy rate - 88.7% (3rd highest in India)
Apart from what has been stated above, the major rivers of the state are Mandovi, Zuari, Terekhol, Chapora,Kushavati and the Sal.
Goa has a tropical monsoon climate. Being in the tropical area and also near Arabian sea, the climate is too hot and humid entire year. Monsoon arrives normally in the first week of June. Goa receives an average rainfall of 120 inches.
Goa has two districts - North Goa and South Goa.
North Goa is divided into six talukas - Tiswadi, Bardez, Ponda, Sattari, Pernem and Bicholim.
South Goa is divided into six talukas - Sanguem, Canacona, Mormugao, Dharbandora, Salcete and Quepem.
Panaji is the capital city of Goa.
Goa has two Loksabha constituencies - North Goa and South Goa.
There are Thirteen municipal councils: Margao, Mormugao, Pernem, Mapusa, Bicholim, Sanquelim, Valpoi, Ponda, Cuncolim, Quepem, Curchorem, Sanguem, and Canacona.
- Timmappa Kamat
List of assembly constituencies in Goa should read as follows -
12. Santa Cruz
13. St. Andre
25. Vasco Da Gama
There has been a change in the list after the recent demarcation.
- Timmappa Kamat
Updates & Comments:
J. Stanly Jones
Posted Date: 07 Apr 2010
Date of Formation: 30th May, 1987
Area: 3,702 sq km (India's smallest state by area)
Neighbouring states: Karnataka, Maharashtra
Population: 1,343,998 (Males: 685,617; Females: 658,381)
Population Density: 363 (India's fourth smallest state by population)
Sex Ratio: 960
Literacy: 82 % (Males: 88.4; Females: 75.4)
Districts: 2 (North Goa; South Goa)
Main Towns: Panaji, Margao, Vasco, Mapusa, Ponda
Largest City: Vasco da Gama
Lok Sabha seats: 2
Rajya Sabha seat: 1
Main Political Parties: BJP; INC; United Gomantwadi Democratic Party; NCP
Chief Languages: Konkani and Marathi
Major Religions: Hinduism and Christianity
Cultural Dances: Fugdi, Dhalo, Kumbi, Bandhap
Cultural Festivals: Carnival, Shigmotsav, Sabado Gordo, Beach Bonanza, Konkani Drama Fest
Rivers: Mandovi, Zuari, Terekhol, Chapora, Betul
Places of Tourist Interest: Mapusa, Panaji, Ponda, Vasco da Gama, Margao, Murmugoa Harbour
Beaches: Bogmalo, Calangute, Colva, Mandrem, Morjim, Anjuna, Baga, Candolim, Sinquerim, Varca
Minerals: Iron ore, Manganese, Bauxite, Silica sand
Industries: Mining industries, Fruit canning, Fish canning, etc
Agricultural Products: Rice, Pulses, Ragi, Groundnut, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, Sugarcane, Coconut, Cashew nut, areca nut, Pineapple, Mango, Banana
Main Railway stations: Margoa, Canacona, Balli, Verna, Karmali, Thivim, Pernem
Air Ports: Dabolim International
Chief Port: Mormugao, Dona Paula
Diksha Dayanand Naik
Posted Date: 20 Dec 2018
Goa's first chief minister was Dayanand Bandodkar and not Pratapsingh Rane as mentioned above. Please correct it.
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