Soil mechanics and foundation engineering are part of civil and structural engineering studies. They are also included in the study of geotechnical engineering or rock mechanics. Soil mechanics mainly explains us the behaviour of soils and the associated problems while considering them for construction activities. It also explains the remedial measures and innovative solutions that can be taken up to aid safe and reliable construction. Foundation engineering on the other hand is the application of soil mechanics and rock mechanics while designing foundations for architectural structures. Foundations form the important element of every building and architectural structure. The safe standing of the building or the structure is very much dependent upon the design and construction of the foundation.
Eligibility and course duration
B.E./B.Tech in Civil or Structural Engineering. Admissions to the course are mainly through GATE scores. In some cases entrance tests might be conducted by the college or university.
Duration of the post graduate program is 2 years.
More about the course
The disciplines of soil mechanics and foundation engineering are related to each other a lot. In fact one complements the other. Knowledge of soil mechanics is very essential to understand the working principles behind foundation engineering. Through this M.Tech program, you will be learning the principles of soil mechanics with relation to applications in a variety of construction activities such as building of retaining walls, bridges, dams, high rises and laying of underground pipelines. In soil mechanics you study the constituents of soil, which is mostly a heterogeneous mixture of clay, sand, gravel, silt, water, air and various other organic matters. You also learn about the applications of soil mechanics with respect to agricultural engineering, hydrology, soil physics and geophysical engineering.
In foundation engineering you learn about the types of foundations, both shallow and deep. You get to study the historical aspects of foundations. You learn of the foundation designs most prevalent today. You learn of design techniques that are to be made use of in problematic soils.
Job opportunities and prospects
Undertaking this course is very much helpful for civil engineers planning to enter the building and construction field. Other industries that utilize your services are petroleum industry for pipeline laying, roadways, railways, underground metro and so on. Other than in the industries, there is lot of scope in research in soil mechanics and foundation engineering. For this you may pursue a PhD or an M.Phil program.
M.Tech Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Admissions for 2019 - 2020 Academic Year
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