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Sentence and types of sentence

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While speaking or writing English, we use words. Words are the building blocks of a sentence. A sentence is nothing but a group of words which make a complete sense or a complete meaning. For example,

1. My brother Jack sat on a wall. (make a complete sense or meaning)
2. We do not always. (does not make a complete meaning and hence it is not a sentence)

A sentence should always be ended by a fullstop (.) or an exclamatory mark (!) or a question mark (?). There are generally four types of sentences and they are:

  • Assertive sentence
  • Imperative sentence
  • Interrogative sentence
  • Exclamatory sentence

Assertive sentence:
An event or a news or a fact is called an assertive sentence. It is also known as "Declarative sentence". For example, a teacher announcing that they are going on an excursion and a mother saying to her child that the sun rises in the east are assertive sentences.

Imperative sentence:
An imperative sentence is in the form of a command or a request or a permission. An imperative sentence is spoken by a person if he wants some thing to be achieved or to be done. For example, a beggar makes an imperative sentence in order to get food or money from a rich person. Similarly, a manager commands his workers in order to get any work done.

Interrogative sentence:
This type of sentence is nothing but a question. It ends with a question mark (?). The question asked by a teacher to his student and the question asked by a parent to his/her child are examples of interrogative sentences.

Exclamatory sentence:
An exclamatory sentence is spoken out of strong internal feelings or emotions. A man making a sentence on seeing a beautiful peacock is an example of interrogative sentence.

Sample Usage

Assertive sentences:
1. I have seen an elephant in the zoo.
2. This book has a large number of pages.
3. A pen is mightier than a sword.

Imperative sentence:
1. Please, leave me alone.
2. Shut the door now.
3. Do not make loud noise.

Interrogative sentence:
1. What is your name?
2. When can I resubmit my notebook?
3.Will you do a favour for me?

Exclamatory sentence:
1. What a shame!
2. How cold the night is!
3. What a beautiful sight it is!

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