“Lend" and “Borrow" are simple words that are used frequently in English. In spite of having distinct meanings both are commonly confused and are often mistakenly substituted with each other.
Lend is a verb which means to give or allow the use of something for a certain length of time. For example, banks lend money and libraries lend books. The things which have been handed out have to be returned; with conditions attached at times.
Borrow is also a verb which means to take something by seeking permission for a particular length of time. Borrowed things have to be returned with or without conditions attached.
Remember that the giver always lends and the taker always borrows.
Examples of Lend
1. My friend agreed to lend me his pen provided I would give it back to him immediately after the examination.
2. My father said that he would lend his car to me only if I promised to come back home by evening.
3. Some banks lend money to the farmers at a very low interest rate.
Examples of Borrow
1. I wish I could borrow your sunglasses just for today!
2. Many farmers borrow money against the security of their farms to fulfil their needs.
3. It is raining heavily; may I borrow your umbrella as I have forgotten mine in the school?