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  • Category: Nutrition

    What are the types of hyperlipidemia?

    From my one friend i heard about hyperlipidemia? i dont undersand what he says.
    he said somthing blood level of Cholesterol and triglycerides are too high, we are risk of coronary disease which is major cause of death

    Tell me about hyperlipidemia, So i will post in all information in Resources Section.
  • Answers

    4 Answers found.
  • Hyperlipidemia means increased levels of fat in body. Elevated lipoproteins in the blood are detected. Obese people tend to have hyperlipidemia. It is commonly seen in people who have diabetes & who have family history.
    various types of lipids are there.
    1. High & low density lipoprotein ( HDL & LDL). HDL protects one from atherosclerosis & coronary disease. So its a good lipid while LDL increases risk of atherosclerosis & coronary disease.

    2. very low density lipoprotein -VLDL

    3. Triglycerides - high Triglycerides is called as hypertriglyceridemia

    Hyperlipidemia can be familial. So children of parents who have hyperlipidemia are an an increased risk.
    Hyperlipoproteinemia has 5 types - 1 to 5.
    One has to do lipid profile in morning when one is empty stomach (fasting).
    Lipid levels also get altered in pancreatic disease.

    Read more -
    Cholesterol
    Role of diet & exercise -
    With regular exercise & a balanced diet, one can avoid hyperlipidemia. One should eat fish which is cardioprotective. Avoid excess oil which will increase fat levels. garlic & onion help in reducing fat levels. Its better to consume sunflower oil than groundnut oil.

  • Hyperlipidemia means increased levels of lipids especially cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL in blood. This is a disorder of lipid metabolism. This often occurs in the following individuals:

    1. Those who are obese.
    2. Those with cardiovascular diseases.
    3. Those who have diabetes.

    This is closely related to coronary heart disease(CHD). When the levels of LDL which is called as BAD CHOLESTEROL is increased in blood it may lead to atherosclerosis (Hardening of the arteries). The fats especially the cholesterol and LDLs gets deposited in the arteries of the heart. As it gets deposited the diameter of the artery is decreased so the blood flow is slowed down to the heart. If this continues it blocks the artery fully and may lead to heart attack.

    Types of Hyperlipidemia:

    According to Fredrickson Classification there are five types of hyperlipidaemia:

    • Type I - Raised cholesterol with high triglyceride levels.
    • Type II - High cholesterol with normal triglyceride levels.
    • Type III - Raised cholesterol and triglycerides.
    • Type IV - Raised triglycerides, atheroma, raised uric acid.
    • Type V - Raised triglycerides.

    All are associated with symptoms of xanthoma and hepatospleenomegaly.

    Tips for Healthy Life

  • Hi, This is Adnansami for your help. There are six types of hyperlipidemia, which are differentiated according to the types of lipids. Some ard due to primary causes and some are due to secondary causes. 1. TYPE 1(rare)-Buerger Gruetz syndrome, Primary hyperlipoprotenaemia or Familial hyperchylomicronemia. 2. TYPE 2a- Polygenic Hypercholesterolemia or Familial Hypercholesterolemia. 3. TYPE 2b-Combined Hyperlipidemia. 4. TYPE 3(rare)-Familial Dysbetalipoproteinemia. 5. TYPE 4-Familial Hyperlipemia. 6. TYPE 5(rare)-Endogenous Hypertriglyceridemia. !Thanks for hearing from me!

  • Hyperlipidemia is the presence of raised or abnormal levels of lipids and/or lipoproteins in the blood. Lipids (fatty molecules) are transported in a protein capsule, and the density of the lipids and type of protein determines the fate of the particle and its influence on metabolism.

    classification of Hyperlipidemias:

    1. Type I - The symptoms are Buerger-Gruetz syndrome, Primary hyperlipoproteinaemia, or Familial hyperchylomicronemia. The treatment for this is Diet Control.

    2. Type IIa - The symptoms are Polygenic hypercholesterolaemia or Familial hypercholesterolemia. The treatment for this is Diet, Statins, Bile Acid Sequestrants, Nicotinic Acid.

    3. Type IIb - The symptom is Combined hyperlipidemia. The treatment for this is Diet, Statins, Bile Acid Sequestrants, Fibrates, Nicotinic Acid.

    4. Type III - The symptom is Familial dysbetalipoproteinemia. The treatment for this is Diet, Fibrates, Nicotinic Acid.

    5. Type IV - The symptom is Familial hyperlipemia. The treatment for this is Diet, Fibrates, Nicotinic Acid.

    6. Type V - The symptom is Endogenous hypertriglyceridemia. The treatment for this is Diet, Fibrates, Nicotinic Acid.

    Regards,
    Sasikala,
    Member of ISC


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