How does a sprain differ from a strain?
Sprain and strain are both common injuries which may occur to any athletic person but both are totally two different terms. Strain is a injury of the skeletal muscle such as tendon injury whereas sprain is the tear/ rapture or over-stretch of the ligaments (ligament is a consecutive tissues which joins two bones together). Both are equally painful but sprain is more painful than strain.
Are the symptoms different for strains and sprains?
When a direct force hits your skeletal muscles, strain is caused such as a cricket ball directly hitting your thigh. The main symptoms of strain are stiff pain, inflammation, muscle weakness, swelling etc. The whole affected area becomes red in colour due to internal bleeding. Sprain can occur anytime during play/ exercise due to over stretching of the ligaments. Usually the common symptoms of sprain is intensive swelling and inflammation in the joint area where the ligaments is raptured/ over-stretched. If the sprain is severe, the smooth functioning of the joint becomes non-fuctional.
How to know when it is a sprain or just a strain?
Strain can occurs also anywhere in the skeletal muscle where it got a direct trauma/ force whereas sprain usually occurs in joint areas. Strain can occur during any activities but sprain is common in volleyball, football, basketball etc.
Ice treatment along with rest and compression will helps in reducing the pain of both the injuries when they are mild. But if it is severe, then orthopedic surgery becomes necessary in both cases.
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