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  • Category: Central Government

    What is right to equality as per the constitution of India?

    Wants to know about the meaning of 'Right to equality' as derived from constitution. Let's see what our experts say.

    I want to know the exact meaning of Right to Equality which is a part of fundamental right of constitution of India. Please explain these:
    1. Equality before law
    2. Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth
    3. Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
    4. Abolition of Untouchability and
    5. Abolition of titles
  • #137702
    The Articles 14 to 18 of the Constitution of India , state and elaborate the Right to Equality to its citizens in India.

    The Article 14 talks about (i) equality before the law and (ii) equal protection of the law. The 'equality before the law' has three exceptional provisions in respect to the President of India or the Governor of a State. The 'equal protection of the laws' implies that none should be favored and none should be discriminated, against.

    The article 15 states that the state shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. It implies that access to shops, public restaurants, hotels or places of public entertainment or the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resorts maintained wholly or partly out of state funds etc. will not be denied to any citizen of India on the ground of his religion, race , caste etc.

    The Article 16 guarantees equality of opportunity in matters of public employment. It implies that all citizens will have equality of opportunity in matters relating to employment and there will be no discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, and place of birth or any of them in matters of public employment.

    The article 17 of the constitution states that untouchability is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden.

    The article 18 forbid titles except military or academic distinctions. However, honors Bharat Ratna or Padma Shri conferred by the government of India etc. are not treated as titles but only as a recognition of meritorious services. Titles such as knighthood conferred in the past by the British Governments etc. is, however, forbidden now.

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  • #137712
    Equality means no discrimination between persons .
    Indian Constitution guarantees certain fundamental equalities as right for its citizens.
    These constitutional guarantees are dealt in Part III of Indian constitution under articles 14 to 18.
    As per Article 14, the state should treat all people residing within territory of India equal before law, and give equal protection under laws.
    As per Article 15, there should not be any discrimination by gender, caste, religion,race or place of birth. Equality in access to public places, shops, roads, bathing ghats, wells, maintained by State or dedicated to general public.(However this article is not a bar to make special provisions to remove any kind of backwardness of any socially and educationally backward group of citizen, SC and ST.)

    Article 16 gives "equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State".

    Article 17 prohibits practice of untochability and makes it a punishable offence.

    Article 18 stipulate sthat The State shall not confer any titles" not being a military or academic distinction,". That is no person should be given extra benefits by conferring some titles other than that of military and academic achievements and distinction.

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