Glaucoma refers to eye related disorders that causes problem to optic nerve which sends signal to our brain. It is generally found in people above age of 40 years but sometimes it can also be found in adults and infants. It is very difficult to recognize if a person has Glaucoma or not because it has very small or no symptom. But if someone is suffering from Glaucoma he can be diagonised and treated. Glaucoma treatment generally include prescription eye drops, laser surgery and microsurgery.
Eye drops treatment : These drops reduce the formation of fluid in the front of the eye or in some cases increase its outflow.These drops may also cause side effects.These Side effects may I include allergy, redness of the eyes, blurred vision, and irritated eyes. Some glaucoma drugs can also affect the heart and lungs.
Laser surgery treatment : Laser surgery slightly increases the outflow of the fluid from the eye or eliminates fluid blockage.Laser surgery for glaucoma includes trabeculoplasty in which a laser is used to open the trabecular meshwork drainage area. Another is iridotomy in which a tiny hole is made in the iris that allow the fluid to flow more freely. Third one is cyclophotocoagulation in which a laser beam is used to treat areas of the middle layer of the eye to reduce the production of fluid.
Microsurgery treatment : It is an operation which is called trabeculectomy. In this operation a new channel is created to drain the fluid which reduces intraocular pressure that causes glaucoma. Sometimes microsurgery fails and must be redone. Sometimes, a glaucoma implant, a tube that helps to drain fluid from inside the eye, is the best option. Open-angle glaucoma is generally treated with various combinations of eye drops, laser trabeculoplasty, and microsurgery. If you are born with it then it is primarily treated with surgery, because the cause of the problem is a very distorted drainage system.
Glaucoma can not be prevented but it can be diagonised and treated under time. So, tegular check up is necessary to know if you are facing this problem. Since, it is related with eye so you must take food which are rich in vitamin A like milk, carrot tomato, green leafy vegetables and fruits. If you follow some precautions then you cam save your self from this disease.