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  • Category: Education

    Cultivation methods in agriculture.

    Have queries about questions asked in agriculture exams? Find advice from experts on this page.

    Name the factors influencing agriculture?
    What is shifting cultivation?
    What are its disadvantages? What is plantation agriculture? Name the fibre crops and name the climatic conditions required for their growth?
    These are some of the questions in exam paper.
    Can you provide the answers of the above questions?
  • Answers

    3 Answers found.
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    Agriculture is the process of cultivation on the soil for growing vegetables, fruits, crops, flowers etc. The main factor that influence the process of agriculture is the fertility of the soil. Climate conditions and sources for irrigation are also have a major role in the agricultural process.
    Shifting cultivation
    In this type of agriculture farmers select appropriate place for cultivation. They select the area of heavy rainfall and quick generation of plants. After selecting the area farmers clear that area by cutting burning of trees. The remaining ashes mix with soil and this will increase the fertility of the soil, also the growth of the plants enhanced by the fertility of the soil. After clearing the area process of agriculture was start. After losing the fertility of the soil they leave that place and the farmers move to another place for cultivation.

    Disadvantages of shifting cultivation
    1. Increased activity of deforestation.
    2. Changes in climate conditions.
    3. Causes soil errosion.
    4. Causes air and environmental pollution.

    Plantation is the type of agriculture in which only one type of crop is grown on a large area of land for the commercial purpose.

    The two major fibre crops are cotton and jute.
    Cotton grown in the high temperature, light rainfall regions. They require a bright sunshine also.
    Jute grows on high temperature, heavy rainfall, humid climate and requires alluvium soil for growth.

  • Hello

    Agriculture is a practice of farming,cultivating of soil for the growth of different crops,and also rearing of animals. The word Agriculture aroused from Latin word, ager means field and cultura means growing. Generally ,it was referred as certain human activities.
    Different types of agriculture:
    1.Shifting Cultivation: A small area of forest is being cleared and the areas is burned ,then this land is uded for growing different varities of crops.As years passes,this land becomes less fertile and unfit for further cultivation.Then the land is considered to be abandoned.Again,the process of land selection is done and burned and it continues. This approach is practiced in Northeast India.
    2. Subsistence Farming : This farming is practiced just to satisfy the family needs alone.The farmers cultivate crops or with whatever leftover with them and then move to some other place and practice the same for their needs alone.Its generally seen in Monsoon Asia and South East Asia.
    3.Intensive Farming: This farming is practiced mainly in highly developed countries,as it is mainly focused on those crops cultivation that are tend for selling .Here the main profit of farmer is to make higher profit ,with the use of higher inputs.

    Advantages of Shifting Cultivation:
    1.Helps used land to gain the lost nutrients during cultivation.
    2.The Land can be easily recycled,as it received nutrients or seeds from the nearest vegetation.
    3.It is Organic in nature.
    4.Soil bone diseases also reduces through sifting mode of farming.
    5. Environmental degradation gets reduced.

    Disadvantages of Shifting Cultivation
    1.Slash and burn of land which turns to soil infertility.
    2.Destruction of large areas of land and areas of forest leading to deforestation.
    3.Causes Soil Erosion and desertification.
    4.Water Sheds will be destroyed.
    5.It is an uneconomical way of farming.
    6.Leads to Loss of Biodiversity.
    7.Air and Water Pollution arouses.

    Plantation Agriculture is the one form of agriculture,where crops are cultivated for profit.This type of agriculture uses large areas of Land and requires very high annual temperature also with high rainfall.

    Fibre crops and their climatic conditions
    Cotton: Indian Origin.
    Condition for Growth
    Temperature: 22 to 40 degree Celsius
    Rainfall: Annual of 60-100cm

    Jute: It is a shiny fibre and grows in alluvial soils of delta regions
    Temperature: 22 to 27 degree celsius
    Rainfall :150 cm


    Agriculture is influenced mainly by soil's topography and climate. Because of different topography of soil and climatic condition different crops are grown in different regions.

    Shifting Cultivation
    In shifting cultivation a plot of land is prepared for cultivation by cutting the trees and grass, there after burning them. Ashes mixed with the soil suitable crops are grown as per climatic condition. In shifting cultivation when land looses fertile property, farmers shifts to another plot. You can say shifting cultivation is a cycle, in which farmers comes to previous plot after certain period.

    Disadvantages of shifting cultivation
    In shifting cultivation farmers are blamed for destroying the tropical forest, degrading the lands, enhancing the pollution by burning trees and ultimately global climate is changed.

    Plantation agriculture
    Commercial farming is known as plantation farming. Straightway it gives profit to farmers. For plantation farming, large agricultural land is required. Plantation agriculture is found in tropical climate.

    Fiber crop and climatic condition required for their growth
    Fiber crops produces fiber which are used for making paper, rope cloth etc. For example jute and cotton are fiber crops and it is grown in humid climate. It requires heavy rainfall and high temperature. So it is grown in tropical region. To know the answer in detail click here QUESTION AND ANSWER OF AGRICULTURE

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    1- What is agriculture?

    Answer: Growing crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers and rearing livestock are together called agriculture.

    2 - Name the factors influencing agriculture?

    Answer: Climate, type of soil, population density and technology

    3 - What is shifting cultivation? What are its disadvantages?

    Answer: When cultivation is done on small patches of land and the patch of land is changed frequently, it is called shifting cultivation. Shifting cultivation is ideal for forest dwellers who mainly depend on various forest produce for their survival. Shifting cultivation is environment friendly as there is no use of synthetic fertilisers or pesticides. Moreover, exploitation of water is not done in this type of agriculture. Natural vegetation is least disturbed by way of shifting cultivation.

    4 - What is plantation agriculture?

    Answer: Plantation is a type of commercial farming. A single crop; like tea, coffee, rubber, etc. is grown on a large tract of land in case of plantation.

    5 - Name the fibre crops and name the climatic conditions required for their growth.

    Answer: Cotton: Cotton needs high temperature, light rainfall and bright sunshine. It also needs two hundred and ten frost-free days.

    Jute: Jute needs high temperature, heavy rainfall and high humidity.

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