will this create any problem in document verification during job interview?
Yes, this would create problems with a Government job especially, after the first round of written exams. All online entires will need to be substantiated, Even if it is just a spelling mistake, please don't ignore, get it rectified. Nobody should have a problem at the time of job appointment because of some small errors.
Can you suggest me how to overcome this problem?
You have the correctly worded ID documents - Voter's Card, caste certificate and birth certificate which is a good start. Please check if there are other errors that you have not noticed yet.
Please check your father's ID proofs with his correct name printed. Then approach a Notary, who would help you to get an affidavit stating your father's correct name. With this in hand, approach the local newspaper office in your areas, preferably one English, and one vernacular language daily. Publish the father's name correction and keep the originals with you.
Now with these in hand, you can proceed to correct you certificates and Aadhar card.
For Aadhar card, it can be done online or in the citizen helpdesks/ some government offices in your locality. The aadhaar website gives you the documents and the procedure for making corrections (name, address etc). https://uidai.gov.in/enrolment-update/aadhaar-enrolment/aadhaar-data-update.html
If your degree certificate also needs the name correction, you have to contact the university under which your degree was issued. There would be a prescribed format and payment to be done. This can be done in person or by post or online in some universities, please check your university website under the services section. If you are posting anything to university offices, please do it via registered post and keep following it up.
12 and 10th marks card.
Here again, you need to follow a similar procedure of submitting evidence of father's correct name. Please draft a letter mentioning the need for name correction, forward it via the principal of the school and college to the 10 and 12 state boards respectively.
In case your document verification comes before you have these corrected certificates in hand, please explain the issue and show the evidence of posting to the offices and the efforts you have taken to get the name error corrected. They would accept it.