What is Super Computer
A computer with a high level performance than a general purpose computer is called super computer. These super computers were introduced in 1960. Super computer run by the concept called parallel computing, this parallel processing involves in dividing the tasks into smaller tasks that can be processed in parallel. And the result will be obtained by computing outputs from each processor.
Super computer consists of an array of processors and GPU's which are stacked together to perform high computational tasks. These processors can perform very fast parallel processing. Super computers are collection of smaller supercomputers spread across large geographical distances. Unlike regular computers, super computers are measured based on how many FLOPS they are capable to perform. FLOPS means floating point operations per second. Where as in general computers we measure performance in GHz.
Applications of Supercomputers
These were used in many sectors such as weather forecasting, understanding the creation of universe, making meteorological predictions, aerodynamic modelling, bioinformatics, simulating nuclear missile tests, scientific research, missile simulation etc.
Super Computers in India
Here are some of the supercomputers in India:
1. SahasraT Supercomputer located at SERC Supercomputer Education and Research Centre at Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
2. Aditya Super computer manufatured by IBM located at Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune.
3. TIFR Colour Boson located at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Facility, Hyderabad.
4. IIT Delhi HPC located at Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.
5. Param Yuva 2 located at Center for Development of Advanced Computing in Pune.