It was common practice in India, a few years ago to have one date of birth on all offical documents and the actual date of birth would be different.This was commonly to fit in the eligibiity for nursery admissions and registration of births was not mandatory. This practice has changed now.
Given your situation. You need to decide what to do based on what is recorded in your date of birth certificate and your passport because any 'Iregularities or changes' would attract serious attention from the Passport issuing authorities as would imply tampering with key data.
I would suggest make a list of all the documents that DO NOT have the 17/07/1997 date, then start changing it.
It would include the
Caste certificate if you have
If you do have a voter's ID/Driving license or enrolled for your graduation, you can change it too.
Please also use this oppourtinity to check the spelling of your name, initials, parents names etc.
A. First make an affidavit after meeting a Notary/First Class Judicial Magistrate stating your true date of birth as 17/07/1997.
B.Once you have this, then change you PAN card
i.This site gives you details on how to change date of birth https://tin.tin.nsdl.com/pan/correctiondsc.html
ii.Pease read this guidance on how to fill the form (https://tin.tin.nsdl.com/pan/InstructionsCorr.html#instruct_corr)
iii. please check the documents needed to be enclosed (https://tin.tin.nsdl.com/pan/InstructionsCorr.html#instruct_documents).
iv. This is the form you need to fill for PAN details change (https://www.tin-nsdl.com/downloads/pan/download/PAN-CR-Form_NSDL%20e-Gov_01.06.16.pdf).
C.Now you apply for correction of your Aadhaar Card.
you can do it by visiting the nearest Aadhaar outlet or Citizen help desk close to you.
ii.The documents to be enclosed needs to be chosen from this list (https://uidai.gov.in/images/commdoc/valid_documents_list.pdf).
iii.This is the form you need to fill for changing date of birth for Aadhaar (https://uidai.gov.in/images/aadhaar_enrolment_correction_form_version_2.1.pdf).
The process is slightly different between states, but you can still update this, For instance in Karnataka the guidelines are as follows(https://ahara.kar.nic.in/status2/docs/Direction_RC_english%20pdf.pdf). Please contact the nearest municipal office, they would guide you.
E.Now that you have in hand the proofs needed, you can change your SSLC and PUC marks card by forwarding a letter to the respective boards via the school/college prinicipal. They would ask for proof to substiantiate your claim which you can provide.
D. Voter's ID and Driving license.
The process would be similar to fill an application form/request letter, proof of your actual date of birth and the neccessary fees. The process to be followed for DL change is as follows(http://chdtransport.gov.in/Forms/FilesDL/Instruction-DL%20Transaction%20_1_.pdf)
E. Once you have done this, then you can apply for renewal of passport. The service you have to choose is 'Re-issue of Passport'
i.you can download the forms for this service (http://passportindia.gov.in/AppOnlineProject/online/downloadEFormStatic)
ii. Please read this booklet regarding the forms and the process involved (http://passportindia.gov.in/AppOnlineProject/pdf/ApplicationformInstructionBooklet-V3.0.pdf).
iii.you can locate the passport service center closet to you by this locator link (http://passportindia.gov.in/AppOnlineProject/locatePSK/locatePFC).
Any issues please revert back, one of us can guide you.
Attached is the screenshot of Adhaar center locator