Getting a good job in the education field is quite simple. Firstly, you need to understand what it takes to be a good teacher. Secondly, you need to understand whether your goal is to become a school teacher or a college teacher. Life is always tough, and it is very tough here too. There are so many requirements. Some basic requirements are that you need to be very smart in understanding all the latest concepts in your chosen field. Gone are the days when you could enter a classroom, simply teach the theory and just emerge from the classroom, thinking that you have done a great job.
The reality is that you haven't. Now, for the game called teaching, you need differentiators. That is, the sincerity with which you approach any subject and ensure that the child who gets the last mark also understands all the basics perfectly alright and does a great job. While doing so, he or she need not always secure the highest marks. He or she should be so intelligent to apply the particular knowledge in whatever field of specialization he or she chooses for a career. When you differentiate, there will be politics. There will be jealousy. Yet, you need to go the full hog and ensure that you do a great job. Recently, there were reports that in one small place, when the Government teacher was transferred, the students went on a big agitation against the transfer!! Imagine if this could happen to you.
For a school teacher, you need to ensure that you have a very good Master's degree, and also a B.ed degree. This is not enough. You should also have a very good M.Phil degree. If you want to enter teaching administration, you also need a doctorate. You also need very good publications. It is just not true that there are no journals, where you can publish articles. There are many. You need to inquire a find out. You can also write good books. For example, am yet to see a book that had traced the entire history of globalization in India, the giant changes in the tax laws initiated by the Government of India, the amount of foreign competition, foreign direct investment and so on, in the very simple language that a plus one or plus two students of commerce can understand. The Government of India books, under the NCERT umbrella, are quite good, but not enough. The books should motivate any youngster to read far in excess of what is required. If, as a teacher in a good school, you can ensure this, you will do far ahead in your career.
Now, the college teaching job. Please do note that you need to compulsorily need a very good Ph.D. degree in your field, and this should be on a very innovative topic. To give a simple example, those who do a Ph.D. in HR always choose one topic on which there is too much of research already: it is called absenteeism. Imagine you are a doctorate student. You need to choose a topic like advanced HR practices and then explore the context in which they were put into action. The number of variables will obviously be huge. Only such research will enable you to reach the NITs or the IITs or the IIMs where there are vacancies for highly qualified and experienced professors. Your research background should be fabulous and you should have at least one hundred articles published in the refereed journals of repute. If you combine your knowledge with some industrial experience or consulting experience, you can easily find a good job in the best institutions. Please do note that the institutions mentioned above, are all deemed Universities, where the depth of knowledge is very high. Their cosmopolitan environments do not allow mediocre people as students or as faculty. yes, you can also learn a lot from the world-class students on such campuses.
Today, the scope for teaching in a very good institution depends on a) the quality of your doctorate degree b) the depth of your knowledge that should be always updated c) your ability to demonstrate teaching prowess and d) your academic qualifications like a degree or a doctorate from abroad, preferably from the USA. For instance, imagine you have a doctorate in economics from the London School of Economics. You will receive the greatest reward for your academic prowess. You can consult for the best companies in the world. You can join the world-class universities abroad. You have the head start in your career. However, you need a great academic record to even reach there. That is, secure a seat in the London School of Economics. Please do note that if you have a doctorate in Physics or Chemistry or Mathematics or Psychology or Sociology or even Public Administration, you can still join the IITs, as most have innovative programs in science and humanities too.
All the very best.