Now a days many patients who have an ultrasound done have a report of fatty liver. About 12-20% of the regular population have this. This incidence goes up to around 70% in diabetics and obesity. At Ultrasound - the fatty liver is graded from 1-3. Alcohol is just one of the causes of fatty liver and this can be reversed to some extent when the offending agent is stopped.
Non-alcholic fatty liver disease is something that needs attention if the person also has heart disease, high cholesterol, narrowing of the arteries of the heart or legs (often known as atherosclerosis), diabetes mellitus and obesity. Higher grade of NAFLD and the presence of the other conditions above is known to increase the chances of health issues and a shorter life span. So, it is better to get a professional opinion from a medical gastroenterologist or physician. The good thing about this is it can be reversed to a certain extent in the early stages.
Basically, the liver which is integral to digestion and handling of various medications and adverse agents (including alcohol). In ismple terms when the intake(of calories) outweigh the output (of engery expenditure), then the fat begins to accumulate in the liver cells too. As the grade advances, the chances of inflammation and fibrosis of the liver increases and hence risky.
What one needs to do is
1. Have a formal medical consultation along with investigations when suggested (blood tests, ultrasound, even a liver biopsy sometimes)
2. Maintain a food dairy and meet the dietitian
3. Exclude unnecessary intake of fat
4. Avoid drugs that are toxic to the liver (unauthorized use of medicinal products, weight loss medications and alternative medicine compounds that are given by unqualified people)
5. Cut down on smoking, alcohol, fried food stuffs, junk food,
6. Regular exercises and a healthy life style
7. Giving up on white sugar, plenty of dairy products, maidha flour based items
8. Having a diet rich in anti-oxidants
9. Glutathione is a good anti-inflammatory agent and liver detoxifier, it is found in eggs, cabbage, garlic and broccoli.
10.Avoid carbonated drinks, liquids with high sugar content (packed juices, canned drinks - still and aerated, sweet lassi, sweet milk shakes). Instead go for fresh vegetable juices, fresh fruit juice without extra sugar, low fat milk based yoghurt, buttermilk etc.
Lastly, like any other chronic disease that needs regular follow-up, fatty liver also needs a periodic visit to the medical specialist the interval depends on the patient status, severity of fatty liver and other medical illness.