The following items from the kitchen and house can be used for composting.
All vegetable and fruit wastes,
Anything made out of flour like Old bread, doughnuts, cookies, crackers, pizza crust, noodles etc.
Cooked or uncooked grains like rice, barley.
The left outs of coffee and tea powders after using for making coffee and tea.
Fruit or vegetable pulp, Eggshells etc.
Don't use the following for composting.
Meat or meat waste, Fish or fish waste
Dairy products, such as cheese, butter, cottage cheese, yoghurt, cream cheese, sour cream, etc.
These items will cause the imbalance in the waste foods and break down slowly. They attract scavenging insects and animals. So it is advisable not to use these materials.
1. An open pile or a compost bin can be used, Bins are neat, animals can't reach easily and heat will be well preserved. The bins are readily available in the market. The size and type of bin can be based on the quantity of kitchen waste that will be generated.
2. Select a location. It should be flat, well-drained and sunny. You should be able to reach easily.
3. Initially, a layer of course materials to be kept in the bin to allow for drainage and aeration. Then cover this layer with leaves. Then simply alternate between layers of greens materials and browns. Browns are carbon-rich materials.
4. All the kitchen compostable material is to be collected in a container. When this container is full add all the contents to the bin. You should see that the top layer should be browns.
6. Whenever you are adding kitchen waste, mix it with the lower layers. Keep the material wet always. It should be like a wrung out sponge. Either water or dry material is to be added to keep the material at the correct level of moisture. Mix the compost once in a week to avoid foul odour and break down of the material.
7. Finished compost will be dark, ductile and smell like earth. It may take four to six months for the compost to get ready. The compost e which is ready will be in the top. Remove the completed compost and leave the unfinished material in the bin. Never use unfinished compost which may harm the plants.