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  • Category: Technology

    Difference between decision making in scientific management and traditional management


    Are you finding difficult to get answers for the subject of engineering management of AMIE exam? Want to know how the decision making in scientific management is different from that in traditional management? Check out this page and get answers for this question.,

    Following is a question that was asked in the question paper of AMIE-Section B (Summer 2005)conducted by IEI, Kolkota for subject Engineering Management(IC-402).

    This question is asked for 5 marks and hence requires some explanation.

    Q) How is the decision making in scientific management differs from decision making in traditional management [ 5 Marks ]
  • Answers

    3 Answers found.
  • A decision in scientific management will be taken based on the theoretical rules and regulations. The situation will be analysed based on the various scientific theories and the well defined rules, regulations and based on scientific explanations.
    Traditional management decisions will be more on their previous experiences and the actions taken earlier under similar conditions. It will be purely depends on our earlier experience.
    Actually a decision taken on scientific explanations coupled with our earlier experience will be more desirable rather than justo only one aspect.

    drrao
    always confident

  • Scientific management theory was founded by Frederick Winslow Taylor (who was an American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency) and this theory is also known as Taylorism after him. He introduced the principles of scientific management during the end of the nineteenth century. He is also known as the first engineer cum consultant for scientific management.

    This theory advocates the use of workflow analysis and use of principles of efficiency derived from experiments in methods of work and production in increasing the efficiency and productivity of an organisation or company. In this theory it is believed that if a business is run with scientific management the profitability will increase. There are many things which are to be observed in a scientific management. Some of the key considerations are - efficiency and elimination of waste, work ethics, analysis and logic of work flow, standardisation of best practices, mass production, transfer of knowledge between workers, time motion studies etc. Many of these things are considered even in todays advanced management systems adopted by companies.

    On the other hand the traditional management system simply focuses on the objectives of the company and makes its employees or worker responsible for production and increased sales. In such an approach the usual focus is on increased sales and collecting more revenue. It believes that if the product is accepted by the customer, sales will increase. So company tries to please the customer with its product.

    Knowledge is power.

  • TThis response is marked as DELETED by the admin.

    Scientific management was developed and introduced by F. W. Taylor in 1910 and he is known as father of scientific management. Throughout his career, Taylor was concerned with the problem of increasing labour productivity without putting undue strain on workers.
    Scientific management means the application of scientific methods of study analysis to the problems of management. It is a systematic and thoughtful approach to the job of management as compared to rule of thumb or trial and error. It is concern with the scientific bent of mind and is more than merely a set of technologies for improving efficiency. In order to execute the principles of scientific management Taylor and his associates developed the following techniques.
    1) Scientific Work Study: It involves the measurement and improvement of work. Scientific work study includes following
    a. Method Study: This study involves the critical examination of plan layout, product design, material handling and work processes to minimize time, distance and cost involved in the transportation and storage of material.
    b. Motion Study: It refers to the study o the movement of an operator or a machine involved in a task with a view to eliminate unworked or useless motions. Motion study helps to find the best method of doing work. Gilbreth identified 17 basic motions involved in every human operations. These are search, select, grasp, transport empty, transport loaded, hold, release load, position, proposition, inspect, assembly, disassemble, use, unavoidable delay, avoidable delay, plan and rest for overcoming fatigue. Symbolically they can be shown as SH, ST, G, TE, TL ,H, RL, P, PP, I, A, DA, U, UD, AD, Pn & R(17 motions)
    c. Time Study: It implies the study of time taken to perform each operation of a job in order to find out the proper time that should be taken in doing the job.
    d. Fatigue Study: It implies provision of rest hours after a set time interval. During the rest time the worker can recoup his/her energy.
    2) Scientific Task Setting: It is the technique of forecasting and viewing ahead every step in a long series of separate operations. It includes following
    a. Routing: It implies laying down the route to be followed by each piece of raw material before its conversion into finished product.
    b. Scheduling: It refers to time table of operation.
    c. Follow-up: It is the last step in scientific planning which refers to checking of work and taking corrective steps to ensure that each piece of work is completed at the right time.


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