Many students face this difficulty during their medical course as medical science is full of terminology from various foreign languages where the initial human anatomy and physiology were discussed and developed. There is a plethora of terms and names which get mixed and create confusion in the mind.
Medical science is not something to cram at as it is a step by step understanding of human body, its constituents, their anatomy and finally their working in association with other parts of the body. There are chemicals and compounds which are related to the functioning of the body and their amount and concentrations are of crucial importance.
Pathology is the science of causes and effects of diseases. Pathogy is a big area as it covers analysing of all sort of parameters in blood, urine, body tissue etc and based on those results diagnosis is made. Due to its vastness, it is natural that the terminology will be much varied and bigger than other science branches.
The only solution to cope up with it is to prepare brief notes wherever we study and link the things together from one end to another to understand the concept of that pathological method. Until unless we understand the underlying principle it will not retain in our memory. Deep understanding of the concepts and repetitions are the only way to a strong memory.
One thing I will like to mention here which I often quote in my suggestions is that if you like some thing strongly and enjoy it then it will remain in your memory easily than a thing you do not adore. So, we have to like our studies and subjects. This affinity will improve our memory for these particular subjects.
I give you one example though I am not a medical person. Vitamin D deficiency is very common nowadays as people are deprived of sun light and also have faulty lifestyle. To diagnose it, blood is tested for Vitamin D and depending upon the equipment used the measurement is made. On an average if the measurement is below 30 units, deficiency is diagnosed and Vitamin D supplement is given to the patient. When I read these details it remained in my mind so long that I am able to quote it here. There are many such things which are residing in our mind because we have understood the underlying scientific logic of that particular method.
I will again say that concentration and interest in anything can help in memorising it and that is the key to retention.
Knowledge is power.