Fungal infection is caused by the small organisms known as fungi. They are biologically characterised from the presence of a material called Chitin in them. This material is present along their wall sides. There are different types of fungi in nature right from some species of edible mushrooms to life threatening aspergillus. Some of the fungi create skin infections in any part of the body where they get a conducive environment and settle down and make their colonies. These fungi are fast increasing in their numbers and in that process increase the affected area. For this they release spores and reproduce quickly. Some of these are contagious in nature and spread from one place to another and from one affected person to other through contact.
Different types of fungi can create different type of fungal infection. Some fungi can not survive for long depending upon the body immune system but some can stand to it and victoriously spread in their severity and cause severe infections. One can get these infections from the soil or damp places or from wet walls and damp surfaces in the buildings or vegetation or even from an affected person.
There are various types of fungal infections. These are mainly Tinea pedis or Athlete's foot, Ringworm, Yeast infection, Fungal infection of the nails and Jock itch. The athlete's foot is generally caught from the common shower floors and such areas. These fungi breed in the space between the fingers of the foot especially toe. This infection generally catches in the skin of the foot though occasionally it can spread to hands and nails also. In the ringworm type of infection red patches are formed on the skin all across the body and sometimes blisters are created which ooze also. Yeast infection is created by the fungi which affect the soft tissues in the human mouth and woman's vagina. They create itchiness, swelling and discharge in the affected parts. Fungal infection of the nails generally affects the nails and makes them brittle and cause scaling underneath. In Jock itch the skin around the areas of our groin area, inner thighs and buttocks is affected. It is characterised by redness of the affected part, feeling of burning, itching, flaking of skin etc.
So, the different types of fungal infection conditions have their own symptoms and a doctor can prescribe the exact anti fungal cream or drug or solution to combat them. Sometimes they will scrape a small part of the affected area to find out what type of the fungal infection it is so that they can prescribe the appropriate medicine. Sometimes they may prescribe us the medicines to restore our microbial balance which is responsible especially for creating yeast type of infection.
It is said that prevention is better than cure and there are many tips which are suggested to keep the fungal infection away. Some of them are to keep a good hygiene and wash the hands whenever you have touched the outside things like hand rails on the sides of stairs, gym equipments, common places lockers and accessories, stray animals or even pets, garden soil and other wet flora and fauna, do not use the personal napkins and towels of other people, wear shoes in damp, slippery and moist places etc.
Most of the fungal infections are cured with the common anti fungal preparations but sometimes if the severity is increased and that is going to turn in a threatening infection then the doctor will prescribe an aggressive treatment of the same with a combination of the drugs oral as well as for local application.
Knowledge is power.