Pure science and engineering are the near cousins. There is so much overlap between the two that they appear finally merging in each other. So if a student has a liking for pure sciences he will definitely have an affinity to engineering. There are good career options in both the streams albeit the engineering stream is much more pronounced in its acceptability for varied job avenues. The meritorious and scoring candidates can flourish in both the lines.
In pure science area, scope for teaching and research job is more. Pure science students also stand a good chance in competitive examinations as engineering students are generally driven to industrial places either directly or after pursuing a MBA. There are good opportunities of research in nuclear, computers and computing, space and life sciences. If you have interest in pure sciences then you can aim for some good institute like IITs, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Indian Institute of Science, Indian Institute of Space Science & Technology, Delhi University etc. Some of these have a B.Sc. / M.Sc. programs while some have integrated programs leading to PhD. These are the most reputed institutes and one can try to get admission there in B.Sc. or M.Sc. after doing B.Sc. from elsewhere. These institutions have good research facilities and have foreign collaborations in the field of fundamental scientific research. For meritorious candidates there are ample scholarships and grants are also there. It must also be remembered that pure science is an area only for those who have a temperament of studying and doing research for a greater part of their career and it eventually so happens that they become research guides by default and get the responsibilities of guiding the students under them for the same. At any time of your pursuing pure science stream, you can come out to other career options, if you so desire like appearing for the administrative competition exams or applying in PSUs etc. This option will always be open to you as a mid course correction.
Coming to the engineering line, it has many branches to diversify and has a relatively bigger canvass to play with. One can choose from the various available streams and focus in that line for finally carving out a career in the related industry. The engineering graduates generally go for MBA course after their degrees to enable themselves to apply for higher posts in the industry. For meritorious students campus recruitment is an added attraction. Computer Science (IT), Mechanical, Electrical and Petrochemicals are some of the most wanted branches chosen by the students today. After doing an engineering degree it is not necessary that you will get a technical job only. Today the engineering graduates are doing all sort of managerial and planning jobs where their basic knowledge of engineering is helping them to take prudent technical as well as managerial decisions. Industries require engineering graduates for a variety of jobs ranging from designing to quality control and at each step of the manufacturing or designing process their involvement and participation becomes crucial. They are also responsible for the planning and production of the items as per the need of the emerging markets and customer requirements. So the engineering graduate has to make a big coverage in their assignments.
Having seen the major differences in the career making in pure sciences versus engineering, you can take a conscious decision in the matter. One thing which is most important is that we should pursue our interest and passion because a person can do his best efforts in that particular area where his interests and liking reside.
Knowledge is power.