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  • Category: Cities and Places

    What are the roles of the mayor of a city?

    Do you want to know more about the Mayor of the city? Wondering whether the mayor is elected or appointed and the role? Find responses from our ISC experts for all your queries here.

    Today governance is handled by different persons nominated and elected by procedure time to time. Currently most of the population in cities live in urban area. What are the roles of mayors of a city? How does he handles the matters related to city? How is the mayor appointed or elected?
  • Answers

    4 Answers found.
  • A mayor of a city is having the following powers.

    1. He will head the city council and he will serve as a member of the council.
    2. He can also vote in the council meetings when there is a need to come to a decision on certain matters.
    3. He will constitute various committees that are required and he will decide the chairperson and members of that committee.
    4. He will be preparing the annual budget for the city and represent the city in getting the budget approved by the concerned
    5. He will have powers to appoint persons from his city while constituting commissions or advisory boards required from time to time.
    6. He will get the annual report made and represent the city for all official purposes with the state government.

    The Corporator of the city will be directed by the citizens in a direct election and these corporators will elect their mayor. This is the practice in many states of India. But there are some states where the mayor election is a direct election. All citizens will vote and elect him.

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  • Mayor of a Municipal Corporation is the First citizen of the city and is held in reverence position.
    Earlier Mayors were appointed and were selected from eminent Citizens. Now generally Mayors are indirectly elected by the elected councillors. Exceptions are there in certain states.
    Unlike the rural self government bodies, the urban Municipal Corporation Mayor lacks executive authority. Hence Mayor is mostly an ornamental decorative Head of the City.
    Mayor has two roles- one a decorative role and second a functional role.
    In his functional role, Mayor is the presiding authority at Corporation house (council) meetings.
    In his decorative role Mayor represents the City as its ceremonial Head in all ceremonial events inside and outside the country. For example Mayor receives foreign dignitaries on behalf of the citizens of the City.
    Mayor has some administrative powers in appointing members and heads of certain committees etc and also can have a casting role duty when needed and required so.
    The Mayor is given prominent place in all governmental and social functions.
    The Municipal Commissioner is the executive Officer and all executive powers are vested in the Commissioner, who is State appointed an IAS officer.(Exceptions:In some Corporations Mayor is the Chief Executive Officer ).
    Mayor is the spokesperson of the Corporation council.
    Mayor has some additional roles like Leadership promoting positive social relationship and role model in promotional events of governance and citizenship ceremonies.

  • A Municipal Corporation or Mahanagar Palika or Nagar Nigam or any such state government body which is available for running and providing the community services in a city under its jurisdiction is in a nature of local government and has certain powers embedded in it and is headed by a Mayor. He is the first citizen of the city. There will be executive officer or municipal commissioner and other officers and staff under him who will assist him in day to day work. Mayor is a ceremonial position and he also sees the various day to day financial and administrative matters related to Municipal Corporation.

    In cities and towns generally the municipal areas will be divided into wards (smallest unit of city or town having a population of about 20000 to 40000 only or in some cases even less than that) and each ward will have an elected municipal member or corporate member who will take part in the meetings of municipal corporation headed by the Mayor. These members are elected through the municipal elections. These meetings are commonly known as council meetings. Each member will present the problems and challenges of community living of his ward and then decisions will be taken to mitigate the problems of all the wards with a overall scheme or methodology. Cleanliness, encroachment removal, providing community services and basic facilities at places etc are the main thrust area of a Municipal Corporation and in pushing them if some rules are to be enacted then the Mayor convenes the meeting of legislature and members and if needed enacts the necessary rules and regulations under the general framework of the law of the country. Mayor can appoint a Deputy Mayor also for delegation of some of the work related to the Municipal area.

    In some of the states in our country the Mayor is directly elected by the people but in many other states it is elected by the council members. The person who gets majority votes becomes the Mayor. Practically what happens is that the political party which has more number of ward members chose their candidate for the post of Mayor and win the election.

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  • The Mayor is the respected post having numerous responsibilities within his city- premises irrespective of the size of the city. A few responsibilities carried out by him are listed below-
    1) Maintenance of peace within the premises - The Mayor would coordinate with the Police - personnel, Town - administrator and other law enforcing agencies to restore peace in his region. Hence a periodical meeting is conducted with the connected officials and review the progress in the similar line.
    2) Supervising the cleaning procedures - He would watch the cleaning activity of the township and if any flaw found in this area, remedial steps would be taken with the consultation of the concerned officials. He is all the more sensetive when there is a break - out any epidemics such as Cholera, Dengue, Chicken - pox so that these disease can be brought under control.
    3) Presentation of various budgets for the maintenance of the city is carried out by him. If any further allocation is needed, he would take an appropriate decision.
    4) The Mayor would watch the activities of the schools, Hospitals and Collges lying in the city.
    5) The Mayor is supposed to be head of the city and as such he commands enormous respect from the citizens of the town.

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