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  • What are the roles of the mayor of a city?

    Do you want to know more about the Mayor of the city? Wondering whether the mayor is elected or appointed and the role? Find responses from our ISC experts for all your queries here.

    Today governance is handled by different persons nominated and elected by procedure time to time. Currently most of the population in cities live in urban area. What are the roles of mayors of a city? How does he handles the matters related to city? How is the mayor appointed or elected?
  • Answers

    7 Answers found.
  • A mayor of a city is having the following powers.

    1. He will head the city council and he will serve as a member of the council.
    2. He can also vote in the council meetings when there is a need to come to a decision on certain matters.
    3. He will constitute various committees that are required and he will decide the chairperson and members of that committee.
    4. He will be preparing the annual budget for the city and represent the city in getting the budget approved by the concerned
    5. He will have powers to appoint persons from his city while constituting commissions or advisory boards required from time to time.
    6. He will get the annual report made and represent the city for all official purposes with the state government.

    The Corporator of the city will be directed by the citizens in a direct election and these corporators will elect their mayor. This is the practice in many states of India. But there are some states where the mayor election is a direct election. All citizens will vote and elect him.

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  • Mayor of a Municipal Corporation is the First citizen of the city and is held in reverence position.
    Earlier Mayors were appointed and were selected from eminent Citizens. Now generally Mayors are indirectly elected by the elected councillors. Exceptions are there in certain states.
    Unlike the rural self government bodies, the urban Municipal Corporation Mayor lacks executive authority. Hence Mayor is mostly an ornamental decorative Head of the City.
    Mayor has two roles- one a decorative role and second a functional role.
    In his functional role, Mayor is the presiding authority at Corporation house (council) meetings.
    In his decorative role Mayor represents the City as its ceremonial Head in all ceremonial events inside and outside the country. For example Mayor receives foreign dignitaries on behalf of the citizens of the City.
    Mayor has some administrative powers in appointing members and heads of certain committees etc and also can have a casting role duty when needed and required so.
    The Mayor is given prominent place in all governmental and social functions.
    The Municipal Commissioner is the executive Officer and all executive powers are vested in the Commissioner, who is State appointed an IAS officer.(Exceptions:In some Corporations Mayor is the Chief Executive Officer ).
    Mayor is the spokesperson of the Corporation council.
    Mayor has some additional roles like Leadership promoting positive social relationship and role model in promotional events of governance and citizenship ceremonies.

  • A Municipal Corporation or Mahanagar Palika or Nagar Nigam or any such state government body which is available for running and providing the community services in a city under its jurisdiction is in a nature of local government and has certain powers embedded in it and is headed by a Mayor. He is the first citizen of the city. There will be executive officer or municipal commissioner and other officers and staff under him who will assist him in day to day work. Mayor is a ceremonial position and he also sees the various day to day financial and administrative matters related to Municipal Corporation.

    In cities and towns generally the municipal areas will be divided into wards (smallest unit of city or town having a population of about 20000 to 40000 only or in some cases even less than that) and each ward will have an elected municipal member or corporate member who will take part in the meetings of municipal corporation headed by the Mayor. These members are elected through the municipal elections. These meetings are commonly known as council meetings. Each member will present the problems and challenges of community living of his ward and then decisions will be taken to mitigate the problems of all the wards with a overall scheme or methodology. Cleanliness, encroachment removal, providing community services and basic facilities at places etc are the main thrust area of a Municipal Corporation and in pushing them if some rules are to be enacted then the Mayor convenes the meeting of legislature and members and if needed enacts the necessary rules and regulations under the general framework of the law of the country. Mayor can appoint a Deputy Mayor also for delegation of some of the work related to the Municipal area.

    In some of the states in our country the Mayor is directly elected by the people but in many other states it is elected by the council members. The person who gets majority votes becomes the Mayor. Practically what happens is that the political party which has more number of ward members chose their candidate for the post of Mayor and win the election.

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  • The Mayor is the respected post having numerous responsibilities within his city- premises irrespective of the size of the city. A few responsibilities carried out by him are listed below-
    1) Maintenance of peace within the premises - The Mayor would coordinate with the Police - personnel, Town - administrator and other law enforcing agencies to restore peace in his region. Hence a periodical meeting is conducted with the connected officials and review the progress in the similar line.
    2) Supervising the cleaning procedures - He would watch the cleaning activity of the township and if any flaw found in this area, remedial steps would be taken with the consultation of the concerned officials. He is all the more sensetive when there is a break - out any epidemics such as Cholera, Dengue, Chicken - pox so that these disease can be brought under control.
    3) Presentation of various budgets for the maintenance of the city is carried out by him. If any further allocation is needed, he would take an appropriate decision.
    4) The Mayor would watch the activities of the schools, Hospitals and Collges lying in the city.
    5) The Mayor is supposed to be head of the city and as such he commands enormous respect from the citizens of the town.

  • The Mayor is the head of the municipal council and acts as CEO of the corporation. Preside over council meetings. Mayor provides leadership to council and represents the municipality at the official functions. Also, work as head of the council and perform duties of a member of the council according to Municipal Act 2001.

    Conclusion: Mayor is a leader of the municipal council and plays the functional and legislative rules.

  • Each municipality has a mayor position. The Mayor is the first citizen of the city, Municipal Corporation is established in big metros. The Municipal Corporation fulfills all the obligations in its area and performs other tasks related to cleanliness in the city by the employees.

    The mayor is the leader of the council and has many roles that are both legislative and functional. Legislative requirements are outlined in section 73 of the Local Government Act 1989.

    Mayor rights

    All the work done in the Municipal Corporation can be done only after the approval of the Mayor.
    The Mayor is the first citizen of the city.
    Any agenda is kept in the House only after the approval of the Mayor.
    An amount of two crore rupees is provided to the Mayor for the development of the city. The mayor can spend this amount anywhere in the entire city except his ward.
    The mayor is also provided with a mayor's house with a red light carriage.

    Mayor's functional powers

    In addition to the roles stated in the law, mayors are usually council spokespersons and play important ceremonial roles in special events, including civic events.

    The mayor is also an important community leader and is often the spokesperson for the community on economic issues (such as commenting on the impact of lost or gained jobs in the municipality) or when the community is stressed (eg disaster management and socio-economic Issues).

    The leadership role of the mayor is different for a chief or prime minister. Since the council has no formal government or opposition, the mayor is not the formal leader of the majority party within the parliament. For more information about the structure of local government, what is the local government?

    While the mayor is elected by at least a majority, the position becomes the leader of all councilors whether they support an individual or not. This means that the mayor has responsibilities, and is accountable to all councilors. And the leadership style of the mayor should reflect this.

    Key government roles

    In the same way, the Mayor makes a significant contribution to good governance at the Council meetings. A well-run meeting that is inclusive and has high standards of governance depends on the mayor's approach to being a chair. Mayors should have a good knowledge of meeting procedures and local legislation of their council meetings.

    The effective chairman also ensures that all councilors have a chance to be heard. Although not every councilor can get their way on an issue, they are more likely to decide if they feel they have been included in the process. More often than not, this means that even controversial and difficult decisions are 'sticky'.

    If the mayor takes sides in the council meeting and actively suppresses minority views, it will not only give ammunition to the government to attack the outcome but also process. The mayor should ensure that all councilors have an opportunity to express their views, even if their proposals are defeated.

    Group facilitation concepts such as participation, communication, participation, consensus, mutual respect, and listening are all important in promoting the success of a participating group.

    Promote good relations

    Good relationships are the glue for good governance. Councilors especially rely on the cooperation of colleagues and administration and support to achieve their goals. This cooperation is based on good relationships and understanding and acceptance of each role.

    The mayor is in an ideal position to promote positive relationships between various elements of local government by setting a good example. It includes relations between the Mayor and Councilors, Council and Administration, and the Mayor and Chief Executive Officer.

    Good behavior management and modeling -The mayor also has considerable influence in establishing standards of good governance behavior and ethics.

    As the leader of the council, the mayor has an important formal role in promoting good conduct and managing bad conduct. In some Victorian local government councilor codes of conduct, the mayor is central to the dispute resolution process. In those cases, the mayor should supervise internal procedures that deal with any perceived misconduct as well as recommending referrals to external bodies when necessary.

    The role of the mayor in these proceedings must be characterized by fairness, appreciation of natural justice, and awareness of being the leader of all councilors, not just supporters.

    All these roles require the mayor to have great skills and experience. Thus, the position of mayor should go to the councilor for the best role. It should not be a reward for long-term service or

  • A mayor of a municipal corporation is considered the first citizen of the city. He is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government of a city.
    He has different role as follows:-
    1. He will preside over the council meeting.
    2. He will provide leadership to the council.
    3. As a ceremonial position, he controls financial and administrative matters related to Municipal Corporation.
    4. He will represent the municipality at an official function.
    5. He plays an important rule in the functional and legislative rule.
    A mayor is the elected leader of a municipal government. In some places, Mayor is directly elected by the people but in many other places, it is elected by the council members. Generally, the person who gets more votes becomes the Mayor. But, practically those political party which has more ward members chose their candidate for the post of Mayor and win the election.

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