Many people catch Colds during winter or when season changes and these are caused by viruses and not bacteria. most common virus is the rhinoviruses and thus antibiotics don't work to treat a cold. One can catch a cold if you have a weak immune system or when someone who's infected or has a cough or cold sneezes or coughs and saliva droplets containing the virus catches you through the air. The virus can get into your body when the person with the virus touches you or you touch the things that were touched by the infected person like phones, toys, bottles, etc.
Few remedies you can try to make you comfortable are:
1. Relax and take rest to give our body enough time to recover.
2. Drink more fluid(water, juice, etc). The fluids will help in thinning the mucus and ease congestion and also prevents headaches and fatigue due to dehydration. Avoid alcohol and caffeinated drinks as they will dehydrate you more.
3. Drink hot beverages like tea, water, herbal tea, etc as it will ease cold symptoms as well as sore throat and fatigue.
4. Gargle with saltwater i.e. a mixture of 1/2 teaspoon salt in a glass of water. You can try it a few times a day. The saltwater will give relief from swelling and loosens mucus. You can even try strepsils( throat lozenges) to relieve discomfort and throat infections in the mouth.
5. You can try a hot shower or use a vaporizer or humidifier in your room while you sleep to ease congestion. The steam will help to moisten the scratchy nose and throat as well as loosen the congestion in the chest or head. It will also aid to relax any aching muscles.
6. Use a saline spray or decongestant spray like Otrivine as it can help nasal congestion and loosen up mucus in the nose.
7. Try having a spoonful of honey as it will soothe the throat after regular coughing. You can have honey directly or with lemon water, etc. Don't give honey to babies younger than 1-year-old.
8. You can try an over-the-counter(OTC) medicines
For mild aches, you can try an over-the-counter (OTC) like acetaminophen, Ibuprofen, Aspirin, Vicks action 500, Crocin, etc. Don't give cold medicines to children under age 6 without consulting your pediatrician's.
9. If you are non-vegetarian, you can have chicken soup. Chicken soup can calm inflammation, ease aches and stuffiness and provides energy to your body.
Some of the home remedies are using black pepper with Pana Kalkandam(Palm), Chuku Kappi (Dry Ginger tea), Honey, etc.
Limit your "alway's" and your "never's." - Amy Poehler??