For preparation for UPSC examination during graduation period is not very difficult and neither it is late. I think it is the right time you should start preparation. You have to do a very hard work. You will have to prepare a strategy for study and cover all topics.
It is one of the difficult exams in the country. This examination is conducted by Union Public Service Commission every year. Through this exam recruitment has been done for the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS), etc.
Minimum Age for Civil Services Exam is 21 year. Maximum Age limit has been set 32 years for general category, 35 years for OBC and 37 years for SC and ST.
To take the UPSC exam, candidate should have a bachelor's degree from a recognized university.
Preparation for UPSC examination is very difficult and requires rigorous preparation. You will have to be very serious and devote your time in study. First you should try to cover all the topics for prelim exam and focus on main exam subjects and optional subjects.
The Civil Services Examination is conducted in three phases:
1. Phase 1: Civil Services Examination (Prelims) -objective exam
2. Phase 2: Civil Services Examination (Mains)- descriptive exam
3. Phase 3: Personal Interview for Personality Test
Phase 1: Preliminary Exam:
It includes two compulsory papers of objective type and Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) are asked in both these papers. They are having 200 marks each. Duration of these papers is 2 hours. Syllabus for prelims paper are as follows:
1. General Studies (Paper 1): MCQs asked based on the following topics: Current events of national and international importance; History of India and Indian National Movement; Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World;Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.; Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.; General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization; General Science.
2. Aptitude Test (Paper 2): in this paper Questions asked on these topics: Comprehension, Interpersonal skills including communication skills, Logical reasoning and analytical ability, Decision-making and problem-solving, General mental ability, Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level).
Phase 2: Second Phase/ Main Exam :
It is descriptive in nature and requires deep knowledge of the subjects. It includes 9 papers. Out of these 9 papers, 7 are considered for final ranking. These 7 papers are of 250 marks each.
1. Paper 1: Essay
2. Paper 2: General Studies 1 includes Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society
3. Paper 3: General Studies 2 includes Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations
4. Paper 4: General Studies 3 includes Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management
5. Paper 5: General Studies 4 includes Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
6. Paper 6: Optional Subject – Paper 1. Candidates may choose any one optional subject. Subjects are : History, Geography, Economics, Sociology, Public Administration, Philosophy, Psychology, Political Science, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Anthropology, Botany, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Commerce, Electrical Engineering, Geology, Law, Mathematics, Management, Mechanical Engineering, Medical Science, Physics, Statistics, Zoology
7. Paper 7: Optional Subject – Paper 2. Candidates may choose any one optional subject from the given subjects: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.
Phase 3: Personal Interview for Personality Test
Tips for interview:
1. Don't waste time and start preparation.
2. Develop self confidence and positive attitude
3. Improve communication skills
4. Focus on current affairs and read new papers daily.
5. You can also join a good coaching centre for guidance
6. Take mock test daily.
7. Read your graduation books and revise optional subjects regularly.
8. Watch IAS interviews videos available on youtube.
You can watch these videos for motivation.
You should also watch channels run by loksabha TV, Rajya sabha TV, egyankosh IGNOU and Press Information Bureau.
However, it is very difficult to crack an UPSC exam but hard work and positive attitude can make a success.