Every religion or culture has a mythological background. They differ from each other in many ways but the undercurrent is same. They depict some old historical happenings in the nature of myths and are carried over to the next generations. Why I am telling 'in the nature of myths' is because no one knows whether those incidents really happened or are based on some simple happenings and were exaggerated by the scholars. Many people believe that they are actually stories about the God and supernatural elements and it is a big question whether they really existed or not. Whatever be the case these stories or myths are very popular in the respective religions or societies and most of the people take them as granted and true. Our religious and cultural beliefs are based on our mythology only and everyone feels pride of that heritage.
The Hindu mythology is also very vast and elaborate and it needs years to read and understand those things about our mythology. Many research scholars have done research on these subjects and arrived at interesting conclusions. It is estimated that the earliest mention of the Hindu mythology belongs to the period approximately 1500 BC which means about 3500 years ago. In fact the period 1500 to 500 BC is known as Vedic period.
Hindu mythology is contained in its various records like Vedas, Puranas, Epics, Religious scriptures etc and there is enormous material available in them including the mythological stories, preachings, spiritual information, what to do and what not, the mythological history of the universe and its future, the Gods and the demons, war stories etc. These stories are not only entertaining but give many good lessons and information to its readers. Whether we believe in it or not our society is already influenced by these things and we are doing many things involuntarily under the hereditary and upbringing influence on us.
Hindu mythology sees the birth and death in a different perspective and believes in many lives even after death. Hindu mythology has a very interesting understanding of the 'time' also which flows continuously in the universe in a forward direction. It believes that there are ages in the time and today we are in Kaliyuga. It is peculiar to note that the present age is Kaliyuga and as per mythology this one is the worst age having all sort of deficiencies and mean actions in the human behaviours. Earlier ages as per our mythology are Satyayug, Tretayug and Dwaparyug.
The problem in analysing the mythology of any society is that we do not know how many aberrations and deformations were made by the people who wrote about these old history and customs in form of the epics and religious books and how much is actually true out of them. So, mythology is a matter of belief only.
Knowledge is power.